ČEPLOVÁ, Natálie, Veronika KALUSOVÁ a Zdeňka LOSOSOVÁ. Effects of settlement size, urban heat island and habitat type on urban plant biodiversity. Landscape and Urban Planning. AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2017, roč. 159, March, s. 15-22. ISSN 0169-2046. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.11.004.
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Základní údaje
Originální název Effects of settlement size, urban heat island and habitat type on urban plant biodiversity
Autoři ČEPLOVÁ, Natálie (203 Česká republika, garant, domácí), Veronika KALUSOVÁ (203 Česká republika, domácí) a Zdeňka LOSOSOVÁ (203 Česká republika, domácí).
Vydání Landscape and Urban Planning, AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2017, 0169-2046.
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Článek v odborném periodiku
Obor 10611 Plant sciences, botany
Stát vydavatele Nizozemsko
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
WWW URL
Impakt faktor Impact factor: 4.994
Kód RIV RIV/00216224:14310/17:00094581
Organizační jednotka Přírodovědecká fakulta
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.11.004
UT WoS 000392687200003
Klíčová slova anglicky Alpha diversity; Archaeophytes; Central Europe; Native species; Neophytes; Urban habitats
Štítky NZ, rivok
Příznaky Mezinárodní význam, Recenzováno
Změnil Změnila: Ing. Nicole Zrilić, učo 240776. Změněno: 3. 4. 2018 13:43.
Anotace
Urbanized areas with high habitat heterogeneity and intense human impact form unique environment which is surprisingly rich in plant species. We explore the effect of the settlement size on plant species richness, composition and temperature requirements of plant communities. We studied three habitats with different disturbance regime in 45 Central European settlements of three different sizes. We sampled 1-ha plots in each habitat by recording all spontaneously occurring vascular plant species. We divided recorded species into groups according to their origin and residence time and according to their temperature requirements based on Ellenberg indicator values. We used ordination methods and ANOVA to detect that species communities in urban areas are generally more species rich in larger settlements than in small ones. These differences are mostly pronounced in residential areas. Increasing settlement size is significantly reflected by neophytes that are dependent on constant input of propagules caused by human activities and by native species that survive in remnants of semi-natural vegetation in urban environment. In contrast archaeophytes as a homogeneous group of species with similar traits are widespread equally through settlements of all sizes. We did not confirm the effect of urban heat island on species composition, indicating that species composition is significantly more affected by local habitat conditions than by urban size. Our results highlight the importance of urban size as important factor shaping biodiversity of native and alien plant communities in individual urban habitats and the important role of habitat mosaic for maintaining high species richness in city floras.
Návaznosti
GA14-10723S, projekt VaVNázev: Rostlinná společenstva měst: model vznikajících společenstev budoucnosti
Investor: Grantová agentura ČR, Standardní projekty
VytisknoutZobrazeno: 27. 7. 2021 10:22