SMEJKALOVÁ, Terezie. Interpretation as a ritualistic veil in courts’ law-making. In 2019 Annual Conference of The Association for the Study of Law, Culture and the Humanities. 2018.
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Základní údaje
Originální název Interpretation as a ritualistic veil in courts’ law-making
Autoři SMEJKALOVÁ, Terezie (203 Česká republika, garant, domácí).
Vydání 2019 Annual Conference of The Association for the Study of Law, Culture and the Humanities, 2018.
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Prezentace na konferencích
Obor Law
Stát vydavatele Česká republika
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
Organizační jednotka Právnická fakulta
Klíčová slova anglicky ritual; legal interpretation; judicial law-making
Příznaky Mezinárodní význam
Změnil Změnila: JUDr. Bc. Terezie Smejkalová, Ph.D., učo 77065. Změněno: 10. 5. 2019 18:31.
Anotace
Continental legal systems are quite wary, if not outright derogatory, when it comes to acknowledging that courts would actively engage in any law-making. Description of the courts’ role is usually centred on their part in the application of law, one that allows for recognising their authoritative role in interpretation of law, but one that denies their active role in the process of making law. Yet there are studies (Lasser 1994-1995, 2003) that show that even a court such as the French Cour the Cassation whose decisions are formulated as simple syllogistic applications of legal rules that do not allow or require detailed description of the interpretative processes that the court might have gone through before pronouncing such a simple sentence of a decision, engage in sometimes complicated interpretive processes, ones that are not dissimilar to active creation of law. Other continental legal systems, such as the German or Czech one, require certain level of justification, including interpretation of applied provisions, but the required depth of such justification often quite differs from what is expected in common law systems. Moreover, there are theoreticians (Knapp 1995) who point out that a legal rule (or, in a more typical continental terminology, a legal norm) is only an end product of interpretation of a text of legal regulation, which would mean that a law becomes law only when interpreted. To avoid sheer subjectivism in interpretation, legal theory provides the interpreters with “methods” (Savigny), yet those methods, when looked into more closely, rather overlap with one another and still provide quite a lot of semantic space in which the interpreter may move. These methods of interpretation are consistently taught, and their usage, often reduced to the level of simple labels, is being reinforced throughout the process of legal education to the extent that they may be analysed in terms of their ritualistic presence in justifications of judicial decisions. In this respect, this paper will tackle interpretation of law as a ritualistic veil behind which the reader-interpreter introduces her own experience and knowledge into the law and thus creates law.
VytisknoutZobrazeno: 24. 5. 2019 11:21