RADTKE, Martina, Denisa WIECZOREKOVÁ, Claus NORMANN, Pavel HUMPOLÍČEK, Eva-Lotta BRAKEMEIER, Emanuel BUBL, Ludger Tebartz VAN ELST a Andreas RIEDEL. Exploring autistic traits in adults with chronic depression: A clinical study. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Elsevier Ltd., 2019, roč. 65, č. 9, s. 34-45. ISSN 1750-9467. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2019.04.006.
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Základní údaje
Originální název Exploring autistic traits in adults with chronic depression: A clinical study
Název česky Zkoumání autistických rysů u dospělých s chronickou depresí: klinická studie
Autoři RADTKE, Martina (276 Německo, garant), Denisa WIECZOREKOVÁ (203 Česká republika, domácí), Claus NORMANN (276 Německo), Pavel HUMPOLÍČEK (203 Česká republika, domácí), Eva-Lotta BRAKEMEIER (276 Německo), Emanuel BUBL (276 Německo), Ludger Tebartz VAN ELST (276 Německo) a Andreas RIEDEL (276 Německo).
Vydání Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Elsevier Ltd. 2019, 1750-9467.
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Článek v odborném periodiku
Obor 50100 5.1 Psychology and cognitive sciences
Stát vydavatele Nizozemsko
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
WWW URL
Impakt faktor Impact factor: 1.799 v roce 2018
Organizační jednotka Lékařská fakulta
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2019.04.006
UT WoS 000474504900004
Klíčová slova česky autistické rysy; chronická deprese; autistický fenotyp; poruchy autistického spektra
Klíčová slova anglicky Autistic traits; Chronic depression; Broader autistic phenotype; Autism spectrum disorder; Autism spectrum quotient; Empathy quotient
Příznaky Mezinárodní význam, Recenzováno
Změnil Změnil: PhDr. Pavel Humpolíček, Ph.D., učo 11191. Změněno: 14. 10. 2019 08:04.
Anotace
Background Chronic depression is characterized by persistent or recurrent depressive symptoms, defined according to DSM criteria, and is associated with lack of empathy; deficits in social perception, interaction, and communication; and social withdrawal. These symptoms are reminiscent of autism spectrum disorders, yet the co-occurrence of autistic traits and chronic depression has been rarely explored. We explored measures of autistic traits in chronically depressed adult patients in order to further define and delineate the overlap of symptoms between chronic depression and autism spectrum disorders. Method Three groups were tested: 31 patients with chronic depression, 27 patients with autism spectrum disorder, and 31 healthy controls. The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) and the Empathy Quotient (EQ) were used to measure autistic traits. The severity of depression was measured by Beck’s Depression Inventory. Results The group of chronically depressed patients showed significantly elevated autistic traits according to both AQ and EQ measures. In addition, 48.4% of the patients with chronic depression showed AQ scores within the range of the broader autistic phenotype. Similar scores were found among 3.2% of the healthy controls and 100% of the patients with autism spectrum disorder. Conclusions About half of the chronically depressed patients showed elevated autistic or autism-like traits. It remained unclear whether this was due to the state of chronic depression or a kind of premorbid autistic personality trait. The findings illustrate the need for further research to clarify the possible role of autistic traits in the development of chronic depression. Furthermore, they reveal that it might be clinically useful to focus on autism-like social impairments in therapy for chronic depression.
Anotace česky
Background Chronic depression is characterized by persistent or recurrent depressive symptoms, defined according to DSM criteria, and is associated with lack of empathy; deficits in social perception, interaction, and communication; and social withdrawal. These symptoms are reminiscent of autism spectrum disorders, yet the co-occurrence of autistic traits and chronic depression has been rarely explored. We explored measures of autistic traits in chronically depressed adult patients in order to further define and delineate the overlap of symptoms between chronic depression and autism spectrum disorders. Method Three groups were tested: 31 patients with chronic depression, 27 patients with autism spectrum disorder, and 31 healthy controls. The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) and the Empathy Quotient (EQ) were used to measure autistic traits. The severity of depression was measured by Beck’s Depression Inventory. Results The group of chronically depressed patients showed significantly elevated autistic traits according to both AQ and EQ measures. In addition, 48.4% of the patients with chronic depression showed AQ scores within the range of the broader autistic phenotype. Similar scores were found among 3.2% of the healthy controls and 100% of the patients with autism spectrum disorder. Conclusions About half of the chronically depressed patients showed elevated autistic or autism-like traits. It remained unclear whether this was due to the state of chronic depression or a kind of premorbid autistic personality trait. The findings illustrate the need for further research to clarify the possible role of autistic traits in the development of chronic depression. Furthermore, they reveal that it might be clinically useful to focus on autism-like social impairments in therapy for chronic depression.
VytisknoutZobrazeno: 15. 12. 2019 19:22