VB005 Panorama of Physics I

Faculty of Informatics
Autumn 2020
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 1 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Juraj Rusnačko (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc.
Faculty of Informatics
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science (75,00 %), Faculty of Informatics (25,00 %)
Prerequisites (in Czech)
Předpokládá se znalost základních pojmů, symboliky a nejjednodušších technik matematické analýzy (diferenciální a integrální počet funkcí jedné i více proměnných).
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 55 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
At the end of this course students should be able to understand concepts of classical and modern physics, and to work with the basic knowledge in the field of mechanics, electromagnetism, thermodynamics and structure of matter.
Learning outcomes
At the end of this course students should be able to understand concepts of classical and modern physics, and to work with the basic knowledge in the field of mechanics, electromagnetism, thermodynamics and structure of matter.
Syllabus
  • A brief history of physics. Cornerstones of classical and modern physics. Understanding and predicting.
  • Universe and microworld. Space and time, reference frames.
  • Newton laws of motion. Gravitation. The movement of celestial bodies and satellites.
  • Mathematical form of physical theories. Principle of least action, Lagrange and Hamilton equations.
  • Symmetry. Conservation laws.
  • A selection of solvable problems of classical mechanics.
  • Electricity and magnetism. Electromagnetic field. Maxwell theory.
  • Theory of relativity. Lorentz transform. Relativistic effects.
  • Microscopic structure of matter. Dimensions in microworld. Microscopic description of macroobjects.
  • Atoms, isotopes, periodic table. Scanning microscopes.
  • Bonding. Molecules, condensed matter; typical properties. Unexpected stable structures (fullerenes, nanotubes).
  • Probabilistic description of gases. Energy and temperature. Remarkable behavior at low temperatures.
Literature
  • HALLIDAY, David, Robert RESNICK and Jearl WALKER. Fyzika : vysokoškolská učebnice obecné fyziky. Edited by Petr Dub, Translated by Jana Musilová - Jan Obdržálek. Vyd. 1. V Brně: Vysoké učení technické, 2000. xvi, 328. ISBN 8071962147. info
  • LEIGHTON, Robert B., Matthew SANDS and Richard Phillips FEYNMAN. Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky s řešenými příklady. 1. vyd. Havlíčkův Brod: Fragment, 2000. 732 s. ISBN 8072004050. info
  • MACHÁČEK, Martin. Encyklopedie fyziky. 1. vyd. Praha: Mladá fronta, Fond AV ČR pro vydávání vědecké literatury, 1995. 408 s. ISBN 8020402373. info
Teaching methods
lectures, homework
Assessment methods
Excercises assigned during the semester are intended to support better understanding of the studied themes. At the end of the semester, solutions of at least a half of the excercises is required for obtaining credit.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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