PSYb1050 Psychology of cognitive processes

Faculty of Social Studies
Autumn 2020
Extent and Intensity
1/1/0. 5 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught online.
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Jakub Kraus, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Miroslav Šipula (lecturer)
doc. Mgr. Stanislav Ježek, Ph.D. (assistant)
Mgr. Vendula Šamajová (assistant)
Mgr. Lenka Štěpánková, Ph.D. (assistant)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Jakub Kraus, Ph.D.
Department of Psychology - Faculty of Social Studies
Supplier department: Department of Psychology - Faculty of Social Studies
Timetable
Mon 12. 10. 14:00–15:40 P31 Posluchárna A. I. Bláhy, Mon 26. 10. 14:00–15:40 P31 Posluchárna A. I. Bláhy, Mon 9. 11. 14:00–15:40 P31 Posluchárna A. I. Bláhy, Mon 23. 11. 14:00–15:40 P31 Posluchárna A. I. Bláhy, Mon 7. 12. 14:00–15:40 P31 Posluchárna A. I. Bláhy, Mon 11. 1. 14:00–15:40 P31 Posluchárna A. I. Bláhy
  • Timetable of Seminar Groups:
PSYb1050/01: Mon 12. 10. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 26. 10. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 9. 11. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 23. 11. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 7. 12. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 11. 1. 16:00–17:40 P21, J. Kraus, M. Šipula
PSYb1050/02: Mon 19. 10. 12:00–13:40 U23, Mon 2. 11. 12:00–13:40 U23, Mon 16. 11. 12:00–13:40 U23, Mon 30. 11. 12:00–13:40 U23, Mon 14. 12. 12:00–13:40 U23, Mon 4. 1. 12:00–13:40 U23, J. Kraus, M. Šipula
PSYb1050/03: Mon 19. 10. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 2. 11. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 16. 11. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 30. 11. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 14. 12. 16:00–17:40 P21, Mon 4. 1. 16:00–17:40 P21, J. Kraus, M. Šipula
PSYb1050/04: Mon 19. 10. 18:00–19:40 U43, Mon 2. 11. 18:00–19:40 U43, Mon 16. 11. 18:00–19:40 U43, Mon 30. 11. 18:00–19:40 U43, Mon 14. 12. 18:00–19:40 U43, Mon 4. 1. 18:00–19:40 U43, J. Kraus, M. Šipula
Prerequisites (in Czech)
! PSY105 P. of cognitive processes
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 38 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
PSYb1050 is an introductory course providing students with an insight into classical theories of human cognition. The lecture topics represent an overview of cognitive processes with an emphasis on scientific approach towards human cognition. This course represents a base for further study of other psychological disciplines.
Learning outcomes
After successful completion of the course, a student would be able to:

1. Characterize particular cognitive processes and their relation to behavior

2. Explain certain chosen theories of perception, attention, and memory models

3. Formulate a conclusion about the relation between human cognition, behavior, emotions and motivation

4. Describe scientific methods used in experimental research of cognition

5. Integrate the knowledge about human cognition into other psychological disciplines
Syllabus
  • Course Introduction

    Psychology as a separate scientific discipline, historical overview of psychological schools with the emphasis on cognitive revolution and its impact on the further development of the field, from cognitive revolution towards modern cognitive science, current trends in research and philosophy of consciousness (from Turing through Searle to Dannett).

  • Perception

    Psychophysics (Weber-Fechner law), object recognition (Marr´s model, Biederman´s model), constructivist theory of perception vs. direct perception (Gibson), embedded cognition and affordances, color perception (Young-Helmholtz theory, Hering theory and Hurvich theory), gestalt laws of perception, visual illusions, perception pathology (blindsight, neglect, prosopagnosia), non-standard perception (synesthesia), mental representations, Paivio´s model of dual coding, schemas (Bartlett), scripts (Schank & Abelson), propositions (Kosslyn), mental rotations (Shepard & Metzler), boundary extension (Intraub).

  • Memory

    Types of memory according to the information stored (episodic, semantic and autobiographical memory), the relation between episodic and autobiographical memory (Pathman et al., 2011), declarative and procedural memory, types of memory according the time period of information storage (Atkinson & Shiffrin model), working memory (Baddeley & Hitch), Conway´s model of autobiographical memory, autobiographical memory and trauma, reminiscence bump and cultural life scripts (Berntsen & Rubin), flashbulb memories (Brown & Kulik), Living in history (Brown), forgetting and amnesia.

  • Attention

    Definition and characteristics of attention, classical filter theories of attention (Treisman, Deutsch & Deutsch, Broadbent), Kahneman, Norman and Bobrow´s model of attention, divided attention, cocktail party phenomenon, change blindness, experimental methods to test attention.

  • Language and speech

    Foundations of psycholinguistics, cognitive anthropology, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, language and thought, different theories of concept categorization, speech apprehension theories (Piaget, Vygotsky, Chládková), reading and speech production, theory of memes (Blackmore), aphasia.

  • Thinking and decision making

    Making judgments and deciding, deduction and induction in thinking, Tversky and Kahneman prospect theory, heuristics, Damasio and Bechara (somatic marker hypothesis, Iowa gambling task and its criticism).
Literature
    required literature
  • EYSENCK, Michael W. and Mark T. KEANE. Cognitive psychology : a student's handbook. Seventh edition. London: Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015. xviii, 838. ISBN 9781848724167. info
  • EYSENCK, Michael W. and Mark T. KEANE. Kognitivní psychologie. Translated by Miroslav Filip. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 2008. 748 s. ISBN 9788020015594. info
    recommended literature
  • GOLDSTEIN, E. B. (2014). Cognitive psychology: Connecting mind, research and everyday experience. Nelson Education.
  • STERNBERG, Robert J. Kognitivní psychologie. Translated by František Koukolík. Vyd. 1. Praha: Portál, 2002. 636 s. ISBN 80-7178-376-5. info
  • KAHNEMAN, Daniel. Myšlení - rychlé a pomalé. Translated by Eva Nevrlá. Vydání první. V Brně: Jan Melvil, 2012. 542 stran. ISBN 9788087270424. info
    not specified
  • Baars, B. J., & Gage, N. M. (2010). Cognition, brain, and consciousness: Introduction to cognitive neuroscience. Academic Press.
  • PLHÁKOVÁ, Alena. Učebnice obecné psychologie. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 2004. 472 s. ISBN 9788020014993. info
  • ŠIKL, Radovan. Zrakové vnímání. 1. vydání. Praha: Grada Publishing, 2012. 312 stran. ISBN 9788024730295. info
Teaching methods
Lectures
PowerPoint slides will be available after every lecture (uploaded at study materials). It is not advised to copy all the information on slides during lecture, but rather think about the material that is discussed during lecture and prepare comments and discussion questions.


Seminar exercises
Students will be presented with application of theories from the lectures and will actively participate on a teaching process in smaller groups. Attendance is required in 5 out of 6 seminar exercises. Student will have to complete the mandatory homework even for the missed seminar exercise.


Reading
Each topic (out of five covered in lectures) will require reading of one research paper, that would be uploaded to study materials by the teacher. It is advised to read all five of the papers, as the content can be a subject of the final test.


Mandatory homework
During the semester, the student will prepare a discussion question for each scientific study. In the case of a change to an online teaching method, the student will A) together with a discussion question, also prepare an answer to one of the discussion questions prepared by other classmates or B) answer the questions given by the teacher in the form of a short text. More information about the specific assignment that is dedicated to each seminar will be given in the interactive syllabus. Student hands-in THREE discussion questions based on the reading (as least one discussion question per research paper) during semester and two multiple-choice questions that simulates the final test questions with one correct answer and four distractor answers. Student can choose which week to hand-in the discussion question and which week the simulated test question. The dates for each homework will be listed in interactive syllabus.


Seminar exercise participation
The study will be presented at the beginning of each seminar (student participation). Furthermore, the study will be discussed, the prepared discussion questions of the students will be included and any assignment from the teacher will be completed.
Assessment methods
Homework evaluation (Specific rules of evaluation and detailed homework assignment can be found in interactive syllabus). Student is required to hand in all the mandatory homework, after that will be allowed to participate on the final test. Late due of the homework will not be accepted at any circumstances.

Quiz. There is a mandatory half-time quiz during the semester. The score will be counted in the final grade. The maximum a student can get from one quiz is 20 points.

Final exam. PC administrated test containing open answer questions and multiple-choice questions. Maximum is 50 points. Final exam and one quiz add up to maximum 70 points.

Student is required to obtain at least 60 % of the total 70 point to pass the course.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Teacher's information
https://is.muni.cz/auth/predmet/fss/podzim2019/PSYB1050


Interactive syllabus link: https://is.muni.cz/auth/el/fss/podzim2019/PSYb1050/index.qwarp

Contact info:

Mgr. Jakub Kraus, Ph. D., Consultations ideally upon email agreement, Office hours: Monday 10:30 - 12:00.

Mgr. Miroslav Šipula, Room 2.54, Consultations upon email agreement: miro@fss.muni.cz, office hours according the personal profile at IS.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2019, Autumn 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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