aBFNE0321 Neurology and Neurophysiology I

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2020
Extent and Intensity
1/0/0. 1 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Teacher(s)
prof. MUDr. Martin Bareš, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Milan Brázdil, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Ivan Rektor, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Irena Rektorová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Jana Aberlová (assistant)
Amit Suresh Khairnar, Ph.D. (assistant)
Guaranteed by
prof. MUDr. Irena Rektorová, Ph.D.
First Department of Neurology - Institutions shared with St. Anne's Faculty Hospital - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: Jana Aberlová
Supplier department: First Department of Neurology - Institutions shared with St. Anne's Faculty Hospital - Faculty of Medicine
Prerequisites (in Czech)
aBFBC011p Biochemistry && aBFHI021p Histology - lecture && aBFFY0222p Physiology II - lecture && aBFZA011p Anatomy
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of the course students should be able to: understand and explain the principles of the anatomical and functional organization of the nervous system, basics of the clinical neurological examination, neurological topical and syndromological diagnosis. work with information on the structure of the neurological examination, to understand the indication, contraindication and complications of the paraclinical examinations; make reasoned decisions about main groups of neurological disorders: in the childhood and adults (stroke, epilepsy, movement disorders, vertebrogenic, neuromuscular disorders, multiple sclerosis, neurodegenerative disorders, neurotraumas, neuroinfections): theoretical background, current diagnostic procedures and therapy, typical case reports. To interpret clinal and paraclinical correlations.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students should be able to: understand and explain the principles of the anatomical and functional organization of the nervous system, basics of the clinical neurological examination, neurological topical and syndromological diagnosis. work with information on the structure of the neurological examination, to understand the indication, contraindication and complications of the paraclinical examinations; make reasoned decisions about main groups of neurological disorders: in the childhood and adults (stroke, epilepsy, movement disorders, vertebrogenic, neuromuscular disorders, multiple sclerosis, neurodegenerative disorders, neurotraumas, neuroinfections): theoretical background, current diagnostic procedures and therapy, typical case reports. To interpret clinal and paraclinical correlations.
Syllabus
  • 1. Definition of neurology and neurophysiology, the content. 2. History taking in neurology. The importance of the family history, objective history. 3. Reflexology. The principles and the significance of the reflexologic examination. 4. Cranial nerves I-VI. Anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology. 5. Cranial nerves VII-XII. Anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology. Mozkové nervy. 6. Pyramidal syndrome, types of palsies. Pyramidal pathways, anatomy and physiology. Pyramidal signs. 7. Stroke, muscle disorders. Motor pathway, central and peripheral motoneuron, the disorders of the transmission. 8. Sensitive system. Spinal cord syndromes. The anatomy and physiology of the sensitive pathways. Pathophysiology of the sensory disorders. Transversal and cordonal spinal cord syndromes. 9. The cerebellum. Anatomy, function and clinical pathophysiology of the cerebellum. Cerebellar symptoms and syndromes. 10. Extrapyramidal system. Anatomy, physiology and clinical pathophysiology of the extrapyramidal structures. Extrapyramidal syndromes and symptoms. 11. Examination of the spine. Anatomy and physiology of the spine structures. Principles of the manipulation therapy. 12. Compressive syndromes. Spinal compressive syndromes, the etiology. 13. Unconscioussness. The rating scale. Brainstem syndromes. 14. Meningeal syndrome. The syndrome of the intracranial hypertension. anatomy and function of the meninges. 15. Paraclinical examinations in neurology- Xray, CT, DSA, MRI, PET, SPECT. 16. Paraclinical examinations in neurology- neurophysiology (EMG, EP, EEG and oher specialized techniques).
Literature
    required literature
  • TYRLÍKOVÁ, Ivana and Martin BAREŠ. Neurologie pro nelékařské obory. Vyd. 2., rozš. Brno: Národní centrum ošetřovatelství a nelékařských zdravotnických oborů, 2012. 305 s. ISBN 9788070135402. info
    recommended literature
  • Cash's Textbook of Neurology for Physiotherapists 4th Edition, by by Patricia A. Downie (Editor), ISBN 978-0397582983
  • John Morris, Joseph Jankovic: Neurological Clinical Examination, Hodler Arnold Co, 2012
Teaching methods
seminars, internship
Assessment methods
final credit. Oral exam.
Language of instruction
English
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 15.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018, autumn 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (autumn 2020, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/autumn2020/aBFNE0321