BOOP0321p Optical Devices I - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
Autumn 2008
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 0 credit(s). Type of Completion: -.
Ing. Miloš Jákl (lecturer), doc. MUDr. Svatopluk Synek, CSc. (deputy)
Guaranteed by
doc. MUDr. Svatopluk Synek, CSc.
Department of Optometry and Orthoptics - Departments of Non-medical Branches - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: Anna Petruželková
Wed 7:50–9:40 KOM 257
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The principles and functions of basic optical instruments. The characteristics of eye. Spectacles, magnifiers, telescopes, microscopes, cameras, projection instruments. Telemeters and refractometers. Focometers, monochromators and spectrophotometers. The course gives a general overview of optics and optical devices in response to the need of ophthalmic optics for the perfect vision and eye protection against the harmful effects of unwanted electromagnetic radiation. It also discusses the basic photometric units and the most common types of light sources.
  • Eye (discussed in terms of this subject), its defects, correction of these defects. Eyeglasses (spectacles), magnifying glass. Principles and types of telescopes. Inverting optical systems in Keplers telescope. Characteristics of a telescope. The principles of microscopy. Characteristics of a microscope. Microscope compounds and accessories. Photographic instruments. f-number, resolving power, depth of field. Projectors. Construction and function of condenser. Binocular vision, telemetery. Refractometr – principles of function, types. Written test. Summary of fundamental knowledge of geometrical optics. Laws of reflection and refraction. Total reflection, Planparallel slab. Prisms (dispersion of the light). Optical fibers. Imaging with lenses. Paraxial rays. The imaging equations (in the paraxial area). The Newtons , Gaussian and Gullstrnads form of the imaging equations. Optical aberrations: chromatic aberration, spherical aberration, coma, astigmatism. Summary of fundamental knowledge of wave optics. Interference. Diffraction. Abbe theory of imaging. Polarization of light. The eye. Night and color vision. Working model of the human eye. Resolving power. Aberrations. Correction nearsighted and farsighted. Spectacles. Theory of optical instruments. Diaphragms and apertures in optical systems. Calculation of aperture angle and a field of view. Theory of microscopy. Magnifying glass. Magnification. Eyepieces; type of eyepieces. The microscope. The microscope compounds. Magnification. Resolving power. Numerical aperture. Microcope illuminators. Microscope condensers. Theory of telescope. Model telescopes: Galilean telescope, Keplerian telescope, reflecting telescopes. The magnifying power of the telescope. Telescopic resolving power. Erecting systems. Photographic instruments. Photographic objectives. The fundamental properties and the essentials characteristics of phototographic objectives. Focal ratio; depth of field; lens speed. Projectors. Slide projectors. Profile projectors. The exercises follow the topics presented in the lectures.
  • Kingslake, R.: Applied Optics and Optical Engineering. Vol. V (Optical Instruments). New York: Academic Press, 1969. 382 s.
  • Fuka, J. and Havelka, B.: Optika. Praha: SPN, 1961. 846 s.
  • BALÍK, J. and J. BOBEK. Technický sborník oční optiky. Edited by J. Polášek. 2. vyd. Praha: Oční optika, 1975. 579 s. info
Assessment methods
Language of instruction
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2000, Autumn 2001, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018, autumn 2019, autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2008, recent)
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