FPBI01 Biology - Foundation programme

Faculty of Medicine
Autumn 2017
Extent and Intensity
2/3/0. Type of Completion: z (credit).
Ing. Lívia Eiselleová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Ivana Hradilová Svíženská, CSc. (lecturer)
RNDr. Michaela Račanská, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Iva Slaninová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Bc. Helena Melicharová (assistant)
Guaranteed by
doc. MUDr. Iva Slaninová, Ph.D.
Department of Biology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Supplier department: Faculty of Medicine
Mon 16. 10. to Fri 15. 12. Tue 8:00–9:50 A1/509, Wed 8:00–10:50 A1/509, Mon 8. 1. to Fri 16. 2. Tue 8:00–9:50 A1/509, Wed 8:00–10:50 A1/509
Basic knowledge of high-school biology.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.

The capacity limit for the course is 40 student(s).
Current registration and enrolment status: enrolled: 0/40, only registered: 0/40
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The course prepare students for biology entrance exam to Faculty of Medicine. After completion of the course student: understands elementary cellular processes, basics of genetics and basics of anatomy and physiology of the human body. Knowledge is on the level of high school biology.
Learning outcomes
Student knows the structure of bacterial and eucaryotic cells, comprehends the basic cellular processes, principles of storage and expression of genetic information, principles of inheritance, Mendel laws, knows basics of somatology, structure of tissues, organs, comprehends basic physiology of organ systems, knows basics of ecology and evolution. Student is also able to apply this knowledge and skills in entrance exam on biology.
  • 1) Introduction to the study. Introduction into somatology. Tissues of the human body. Skin and its function. Body temperature and its maintance. Entrance test.
  • 2) Skeleton and muscles. Excursion to Anatomical museum of Prof. Karel Žlábek.
  • 3)Digestive system and nutrition. Respiratory system and its function
  • 4)Urinary system. Male genital system. Female genital system. Progress test.
  • 5)Human development. Evolution of Homo sapiens. Excursion to the Anthropos Pavilion.
  • 6)Nervous system. Senses.
  • 7)Endocrine glands.
  • 8)Circulatory system. Lymph and its circulation.
  • 9)Blood. Blood groups and transfusion. Defense mechanisms. Progress test.
  • 10)General characteristics of living systems. Origins of the live. Origin of the cells. Basics of Evolution. Chemical evolution. Paleontological evidence of the earliest forms of life. Darwinian evolution. Classification of living systems. Acellular organisms. Viruses.
  • 11)Cells. Cell theory. Chemical composition of the cell. Structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, saccharides and lipids. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell – basic differences. Prokaryotic cell – characteristics. Bacteria. Cyanobacteria. Medically important prokaryotic cells.
  • 12)Eukaryotic cell. Plant, fungal, animal cells. Structure and function of biomembranes. Osmosis. Transport of molecules into and out of the cell. Endocytosis and exocytosis.
  • 13)Organelles of the cell. Structure and function of nucleus, ER, GA, mitochondria, lysosomes. Cytoskeleton and cell movement.
  • 14)Genetic information. DNA. Chromosome. Replication. Expression of genetic information – transcription, translation. RNA. Protein. Progress test.
  • 15)Cell division. Cell cycle. Cancer cell. Mitosis. Meiosis.
  • 16)Basics of genetics. Gene. Mendel´s laws. Mutations. Karyotype.
  • 17) Autosomal and gonosomal inheritance.
  • 18)Medically important organisms- yeasts, molds, plants, protozoa, worms and insects. Milestones in biology and medicine. Excursion Mendel Museum.
  • 19)Ecology. Abiotic and biotic factors. Biosphere. Ecosystems. Population explosion. Building of sustainable society. Progress test.
  • 20)Spare lecture and seminar. Final Test.
    required literature
  • CAMPBELL, Neil A., Jane B. REECE, Lisa A. URRY, Michael L. CAIN, Steven A. WASSERMAN, Peter V. MINORSKY and Rob JACKSON. Biology : a global approach. Global edition. Boston: Pearson, 2015. 1351 stran. ISBN 9781292008653. info
Teaching methods
lecture and seminar
Assessment methods
Lecture and seminar attendance is compulsory. During the course students takes the entrance test and four progress tests. Course is completed with the final test. The test is based on knowledge of all course topics.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2016, Spring 2018, autumn 2018, spring 2019, autumn 2019, spring 2020, autumn 2020, spring 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2017, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/autumn2017/FPBI01