KRMgr01 Historical Development of Greek:methods and problems I

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2023
Extent and Intensity
1/1/0. 5 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught in person.
prof. RNDr. Václav Blažek, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Bc. Kateřina Bočková Loudová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Václav Blažek, CSc.
Department of Classical Studies – Faculty of Arts
Contact Person: Jitka Erlebachová
Supplier department: Department of Classical Studies – Faculty of Arts
Mon 12:00–13:40 C31, except Mon 13. 11.
KRBcZk B.A. Final Exam || KRBcSZk B.A. Final Exam
B.A. Final Exam in Ancient Greek Language and Literature.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to make the students familiar with main traditional as well as modern, alternative approaches used in Indo-European studies in general and in the analysis of the sound development of Greek.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course the students will know the basic terminology of diachronic linguistics. They will be able to describe the sound development of Greek from its Indo-European roots up to the Classical period with the help of various methods of historical and historical-comparative linguistics. They will be acquainted with the history of approaches to the development of Greek.
  • 1. Diachronic vs. synchronic approach to language, family-tree theory vs. wave theory of the development of Indo-European languages.
  • 2. General issues of Indo-European studies, Indo-European homeland hypotheses, the question of the separation of Greek from the Indo-European dialectal continuum.
  • 3. Criteria for the periodization of languages, the periodization of Greek.
  • 4. Contact of languages in distant past, Indo-European and Non-Indo-European substrate and adstrate in Greek.
  • 5. Indo-European system of consonants, glottalic theory.
  • 6. Laryngeal theory and its development, the reflexes of laryngeals in Greek.
  • 7. Indo-European velars and their development in Greek, satem vs. centum languages, Grassmann´s law.
  • 8. Indo-European "s" and its development in Greek, the question of s-mobile.
  • 9. Indo-European sonorants (liquids, nasals and semivowels) and their development in Greek, the question of Greek digamma.
  • 10. Indo-European labials and dentals and their development in Greek.
  • 11. Indo-European system of vowels and syllabic sonorants, their development in Greek.
  • 12. The main tendencies of the Greek vowel and consonant development during antiquity (monophthongization, contraction, compensatory lengthening, spirantization).
  • 13. Summary.
  • BARTONĚK, Antonín. Development of the consonantal system in ancient Greek dialects. Vydání 1. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1961. 215 stran. URL info
  • BARTONĚK, Antonín. Prehistorie a protohistorie řeckých dialektů. Vyd. 1. V Brně: Univerzita J.E. Purkyně, 1987. 182 s. URL info
  • CHANTRAINE, P. Morphologie historique du grec. Paris, 1961. info
  • CHANTRAINE, P. Dictionnaire étymologique de la historique du grec. Paris, 1971. info
  • ERHART, Adolf. Úvod do indoevropské jazykovědy. Brno, 1981. info
  • FRISK, H. Griechisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Heidelberg, 1960. info
  • HIERSCHE, R. Grundzüge der griechischen Sprachgeschichte. Berlin, 1969. info
  • DEBRUNNER, Albert. Geschichte der griechischen Sprache. Edited by Anton Scherer. 2. Aufl. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1969. info
  • HOFFMANN, O. and Albert DEBRUNNER. Geschichte der griechischen Sprache. Edited by Anton Scherer. 4. Aufl. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1969. info
  • KASTNER, W. Sprachgeschichtliche Erlaüterungen zur griechischen Grammatik. Frankfurt, 1988. info
  • KIECKERS, F. Historische griechische Grammatik. Berlin, 1925. info
  • LEJEUNE, M. Phonétique historique du mycénien et du grec ancien. Paris, 1972. info
  • MEIER-BRÜGGER, M. Griechische Sprachwissenschaft. Berlin, 1992. info
  • MEILLET, A. Apercu d`une histoire de la langue grecque. Paris, 1965. info
  • PALMER, L. R. The Greek Language. London-Boston, 1980. info
  • RIX, H. Historische Grammatik des Griechischen (Laut- und Formenlehre). Darmstadt, 1976. info
  • SCHWYZER, E. and A. DEBRUNNER. Griechische Grammatik. München, 1939. info
  • ZINSMEISTER, H. Griechische Laut- und Formenlehre. Heidelberg, 1990. info
  • BARTONĚK, Antonín. Indoevropské laryngály a jejich řecké a latinské střídnice (The Indo-European Laryngeals and their Greek and Latin Alternations). Graeco-Latina Brunensia. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2013, vol. 18, No 2, p. 217-237. ISSN 1803-7402. Digitální knihovna FF info
Teaching methods
Lectures. Practice.
Assessment methods
Oral exam (50 % of correct answers is needed to pass).
Language of instruction
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
The course is taught once in two years.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2020.
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