PSA_038 Methodology I

Faculty of Arts
Spring 2007
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
doc. PhDr. Mojmír Tyrlík, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. PhDr. Tomáš Urbánek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. PhDr. Mojmír Tyrlík, Ph.D.
Department of Psychology - Faculty of Arts
Contact Person: Jarmila Valchářová
Timetable
Tue 8:20–9:55 zruseno D21
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Introduction to understanding science. Differen ways of acquiring knowledge. Common sense. Problem of demarcation. Theory and experience. Functions of science. Causality. Finality. Causality as reality or construct of mind. Mistakes in reasoning the causal relations between phenomenas. Open and semi-open system in psychology. Understending causal relations within whole system. Methodology. Method, methodics and technic. Essential methods in psychology. Exterospection and introspection. Object and subject of psychological searching. Positivism and phenomenology. Hermeneutics. Pragmatics. Nomothetic and idiographic paradigm. Logics in research. Induction and deduction, abduction. Concept and meaning. Therms. Definition. Subject and object of research. Psychic phenomena. Research in other humanities. Problem. Known and unknown. Problem in science as an knowledge about unknown. Problem as a question. Different kinds of questions. Theory as solving the problem. Structure of scienticic theries. Hypothesis. Verification. Kvalitative and kvantitative aspect of research. The gap or two sides of the same river. Kvalitative approach in research. Kvality and kvantity. Functions of kvalitative part of research - description, clasification, explication. Developing of theories. Kvantitative part of research. Scale. Operacional definition. Variables and invariants. Kinds of research variables. Internal and external validity. Sample and population. Sampling. Designs with two and more groups. Extent of sample. Various research designs. Prospective and retrospective design. Experimental and correlative design. Explorative and confirmative research. Project of research.
Syllabus
  • Introduction to understanding science. Differen ways of acquiring knowledge. Common sense. Problem of demarcation. Theory and experience. Functions of science. Causality. Finality. Causality as reality or construct of mind. Mistakes in reasoning the causal relations between phenomenas. Open and semi-open system in psychology. Understending causal relations within whole system. Methodology. Method, methodics and technic. Essential methods in psychology. Exterospection and introspection. Object and subject of psychological searching. Positivism and phenomenology. Hermeneutics. Pragmatics. Nomothetic and idiographic paradigm. Logics in research. Induction and deduction, abduction. Concept and meaning. Therms. Definition. Subject and object of research. Psychic phenomena. Research in other humanities. Problem. Known and unknown. Problem in science as an knowledge about unknown. Problem as a question. Different kinds of questions. Theory as solving the problem. Structure of scienticic theries. Hypothesis. Verification. Kvalitative and kvantitative aspect of research. The gap or two sides of the same river. Kvalitative approach in research. Kvality and kvantity. Functions of kvalitative part of research - description, clasification, explication. Developing of theories. Kvantitative part of research. Scale. Operacional definition. Variables and invariants. Kinds of research variables. Internal and external validity. Sample and population. Sampling. Designs with two and more groups. Extent of sample. Various research designs. Prospective and retrospective design. Experimental and correlative design. Explorative and confirmative research. Project of research.
Literature
  • MATERNA, Pavel and Jan ŠTĚPÁN. Filozofická logika: nová cesta? (Philosophical logic: a new way?). Olomouc: Olomouc (Univerzita Palackého), 2000. 127 pp. ISBN 80-244-0109-6. info
  • Úvod do metodologie psychologického výzkumu :jak zkoumat lidskou duši. Edited by Ján Ferjenčík - Petr Bakalář. 1. vyd. Praha: Portál, 2000. 255 s. ISBN 80-7178-367-6. info
  • PSTRUŽINA, Karel. Atlas filosofie vědy. E-LOGOS, 1999. ISSN 1211-0442. URL info
  • Logika vědeckého bádání. Edited by Karl R. Popper. 1. vyd. Praha: OIKOYMENH, 1997. xliv, 617. ISBN 80-86005-45-3. info
  • Vesmír, jazyk, myšlení :studie z filosofie vědy a jazyka. Edited by Vladimír Havlík - Zdeněk Hofmann. Vyd. 1. Praha: Filosofia, 1994. 138 s. ISBN 80-7007-049-8. info
  • KERLINGER, Fred N. Základy výzkumu chování : pedagogický a psychologický výzkum. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 1972. 705 s. info
Language of instruction
Czech
Follow-Up Courses
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
General note: Kontrola 25.5.2007 M. Tyrlík.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 1998, Spring 1999, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2007, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/phil/spring2007/PSA_038