Bi4060 Plant physiology

Faculty of Science
Spring 2020
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Jan Gloser, CSc. (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Vít Gloser, Ph.D. (alternate examiner)
Guaranteed by
doc. RNDr. Vít Gloser, Ph.D.
Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: doc. RNDr. Vít Gloser, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites (in Czech)
Bi1060 Plant cytology and anatomy && ! Bi6180 Plant biology
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 15 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
Show mechamisms of transport processes in plants.
Explain specific principles of metabolism of plants.
Explain processes of growth and development in plants and mechamisms of their regulation.
Inform about plant response to environmental conditions and mechanisms of their acclimation.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students should be able to:
explain physical, physico-chemical, and biochemical principles of transport and metabolic processes within plant cells and organs;
discuss processes controlling plant growth and development;
describe mechanisms of plant responses to external stress factors;
understand not only the basic physiological mechanisms involved in morphogenesis and functioning of plant cells, tissues, and organs, but also the whole-plant functioning in changing environment.
Syllabus
  • General principles of transport processes in plants. Water transport in xylem, transport of solutes across a membrane, translocation in phloem, stomatal regulation of gas exchange. The light reactions of photosynthesis, regulation and repair of photosynthetic apparatus. Photosynthetic reduction of carbon dioxide, photorespiration, concentrating mechanisms C4 and CAM. Primary assimilate conversion, allocation of carbon compounds to plant organs, and their utilization in growth processes. Assimilation of nitrogen and other mineral nutrients. Specific features of growth processes in plants, embryogenesis, seed germination. Phytohormonal regulation of growth processes and development, main groups of phytohormones and mechanism of their action. Involvement of light and temperature regimens in regulation of growth and development. General concept of stress in plants, responses to extreme physical and chemical external factors, adaptation mechanisms of plants to stressors. Interactions of plants with other organisms and their regulation.
Literature
    required literature
  • PROCHÁZKA, Stanislav. Fyziologie rostlin. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 1998. 484 s. ISBN 8020005862. info
  • GLOSER, Jan. Fyziologie rostlin. 2. rozš. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 1998. 157 s. ISBN 8021017899. info
    recommended literature
  • TAIZ, Lincoln and Eduardo ZEIGER. Plant physiology. 5th ed. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates, 2010. xxxiv, 782. ISBN 9780878938667. info
  • Biochemistry & molecular biology of plants. Edited by Bob B. Buchanan - Wilhelm Gruissem - Russell L. Jones. Rockville, Md.: American Society of Plant Physiologists, 2000. xxxix, 136. ISBN 0943088402. info
    not specified
  • HOPKINS, William G. and Norman P. A. HÜNER. Introduction to plant physiology. Fourth edition. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2008. xviii, 503. ISBN 9780470247662. info
Teaching methods
Lectures using audiovisual techniques. Study of an e-book accompanying the lectures which is freely available on the web pages of the Masaryk university.
Assessment methods
Written test consisting of 40 questions. To pass the exam students have to answer at least 50% of the questions correctly.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
General note: Ačkoli není předchozí absolvování kurzu Cytologie a anatomie rostlin přímou prerekvizitou, je nezbytné, aby byl posluchač obeznámen se základní anatomickou stavbou těla vyšších rostlin (struktura vodivých pletiv, anatomická stavba kořene a listů...).
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
Teacher's information
http://www.sci.muni.cz/~fyzrost/
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/spring2020/Bi4060