F9190 Modern laser applications

Faculty of Science
autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
1/0/0. 1 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
prof. RNDr. Pavel Zemánek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc.
Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: Mgr. Dušan Hemzal, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Basics of optics, theory of electromagnetic field, quantum mechanics, atomic physics, solid-state physics
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
  • Biophysics (programme PřF, M-FY)
  • Biophysics (programme PřF, N-FY, specialization Aplikovaná biofyzika)
  • Biophysics (programme PřF, N-FY, specialization Molekulární biofyzika)
  • Physics (programme PřF, M-FY)
  • Physics (programme PřF, N-FY)
Course objectives
Using particular practical examples, the main objective of this course is to provide the students with the ability to
- list and describe basic optical methods and devices in laser technology
- apply this knowledge in modern interdisciplinary fields (biophotonics, nanophotonics etc.).
  • The principle of laser, gaussian beam, nonlinear optics, optical elements (light, active environment, resonator, drawing an active environment, the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with atoms, the emergence of a coherent radiation, output characteristics of laser radiation, CW and pulse mode, non-linear optical effects, AOM and EOM modulators, spatial light modulators, optical fibers, photonic structures)
  • History and Present of lasers, introduction to the most important types of lasers and their properties (He-Ne laser, CO2 laser, Ar-ion laser, excimer lasers, dye lasers, ruby laser, Nd:YAG laser, laser diode, vibronic lasers, Ti: saphire laser; applications of individual lasers, safety at work with lasers)
  • Lasers and microscopy (focusing of laser beams, advanced microscopy techniques using lasers - fluorescent microscopy, confocal microscopy, holographic microscopy, optical tomography, optical microscope in a nearfield; the use of lasers in biological applications, in the diagnosis and therapy; laser scalpel, creating microobjects by photopolymeration, detection of single molecules, raman mikrospectroscopy)
  • The use of mechanical action of radiation (catching and cooling of atoms, optical tweezers, the application - the measurement of interactions at the molecular level; rotation of objects - optically controlled micromotors; optical sorting in a suspension, optically bond material, etc.)
  • G. S. He, S. H. Liu: Physics of nonlinear optics
  • J. B. Pawley: Handbook of biological confocal microscopy
  • G. S. He, S. H. Liu: Physics of nonlinear optics
  • A. E: Siegman: Lasers
  • W. Berns, K. O. Greulich: Laser manipulation of cells and tissues (Methods in Cell Biology Vol. 82)
  • NOVOTNÝ, Lukáš and Bert HECHT. Principles of nano-optics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. xvii, 539. ISBN 0521832241. info
  • SALEH, Bahaa E. A. and Malvin Carl TEICH. Základy fotoniky. Vyd. 1. Praha: Matfyzpress, 1994. xxxii, 226. ISBN 8085863006. info
Teaching methods
lectures, class discussion
Assessment methods
Lectures attendance, final oral interview.
Language of instruction
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every other week.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, spring 2012 - acreditation, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, autumn 2017, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/autumn2021/F9190