Z0151 Climate variability and climate change

Faculty of Science
Autumn 1999
Extent and Intensity
2/1/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Rudolf Brázdil, DrSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. RNDr. Stanislav Řehák, CSc.
Department of Geography - Earth Sciences Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Rudolf Brázdil, DrSc.
Prerequisites (in Czech)
Z0076 Meteorology and climatology && Z0079
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Syllabus
  • Climate and climatology. Climate definitions, climate system, climate cube, climate change, feed - back mechanisms in climate. Time series analysis in climatology. Periodicity and cyclicity, homogeneity, tests of the homogeneity, time series homogenizing, correlation analysis, harmonic analysis, power spectrum analysis, cross - spectral analysis, filtering, moving analysis methods. Instrumental meteorological data sets. Errors problems of measurements (air temperature, precipitation, sunshine duration), fluctuation of meteorological elements in Central Europe, contemporary global changes of climate, influence of climate - forming factors (solar activity, volcanic activity, ENSO, greenhouse effect). Historical data sets. Historical sources about weather and climate, written records and their quantitative interpretation, climate of the last millennium in Europe (Little Ice Age, Medieval Warm Period). Palaeoclimatic data sets. Sources of palaeoclimatic data and their evaluation, climate of Europe in warm historical periods (optimum of the Holocene, Eemian interglacial, optimum of the Pliocene). Climate scenarios. Global warming, scenarios based on palaeoclimatic reconstructions, instrumental scenarios, scenarios based on GCM estimates, problems, examples. Impacts of the global warming for agriculture, forestry, hydrology and water management, health and recreation, energy consumption. Strategies for reducing of the global warming.
Literature
  • BRÁZDIL, Rudolf and Michal BÍL. Jev El Nino - Jižní Oscilace a jeho možné projevy v polích tlaku vzduchu, teploty vzduchu a srážek v Evropě ve 20. století (El Nino - Southern Oscillation and its effects on air pressure, air temperature and precipitation in Europe in the 20th century). Geografie - Sborník ČGS, Praha: ČGS, 1998, vol. 103, No 2, p. 65-87. ISSN 1210-115X. info
  • KALVOVÁ, Jaroslava and Bedřich MOLDAN. Klima a jeho změna v důsledku emisí skleníkových plynů. 1. vyd. Praha: Univerzita Karlova, 1996. 161 s. ISBN 8071843156. info
  • BRÁZDIL, Rudolf and Jaroslav ROŽNOVSKÝ. Dopady možné změny klimatu na zemědělství v České republice (Impacts of possible climate change on agriculture in the Czech Republic). 1. vyd. Praha: Národní klimatický program ČR, 1995. 140 pp. Národní klimatický program ČR, č.18. ISBN 80-85813-26-2. info
  • BRÁZDIL, Rudolf and Oldřich KOTYZA. History of weather and climate in the Czech Lands I. :Period 1000-1500. Zürich: Geographisches Institut ETH, 1995. 260 s. ISBN 3-906148-10-6. info
  • KALVOVÁ, Jaroslava. Scénáře změny klimatu pro Českou republiku :územní studie změny klimatu pro Českou republiku, element 2. 1. vyd. Praha: Nakladatelství Českého hydrometeorologického ústavu, 1995. 101 s. ISBN 80-85813-24-6. info
  • BRÁZDIL, Rudolf. Změny klimatu v České a v Slovenské republice - konfrontace modelů a pozorování (Climatic change in the Czech and Slovak Republics - comparison of models and observations). Meteorologické zprávy, Praha: ČHMÚ, 1993, vol. 46, No 4, p. 101-105. ISSN 0026-1173. info
  • KALVOVÁ, Jaroslava. Radiačně aktivní plyny v atmosféře a změny klimatu. 1. vyd. Praha: Nakladatelství Českého hydrometeorologického ústavu, 1991. 73 s. ISBN 80-900206-7-4. info
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
The course is taught: every week.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2000, Autumn 2002, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 1999, recent)
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