C5250 Environmental Chemistry II

Faculty of Science
Autumn 2003
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Jakub Hofman, Ph.D. (assistant)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc.
Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc.
Prerequisites
Basic courses from inorganic, organic and physical chemistry and biochemistry on the level of study programmes Chemistry or Biology
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Global environmental problems. Environmental chemistry, definitions, basic approaches. Chemicals in the environment, definitions, basic approaches. State of the environment in CR. The behaviour of chemicals in the environment. Environmental interface and chemical equilibrium. Environmental persistence. Fate of chemicals in the environment, transport, transformation. Thermodynamic descriptors of molecular energy. Environmental equilibrium. Chemical transformations. Models of environmental distribution of chemicals. Multimedia models. Biodegradation, biotransformation.
Syllabus
  • Global environmental problems. Environmental chemistry - definitions, basic approaches. Chemicals in the environment - definitions, basic approaches. Environmental harmful chemicals. Environmental fate of chemicals. State of the environment in CR. Ecosystems - definition, relationships. Biogeochemical cycles - general aspects, BGCC of carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, phosphor, metals The behaviour of chemicals in the environment. Environmental interface and chemical equilibrium. Environmental persistence. Fate of chemicals in the environment - transport, transformation. Thermodynamic descriptors of molecular energy. Thermodynamic functions used for quantification of molecular changes. Vapour pressure. Water solubility. Equilibrium organic phase-water. Distribution coefficient n-octanol-water. Organic acids and bases, constants of acidity. Diffusion. Environmental equilibrium. Air-water equilibrium, Henry law. Air-aerosol equilibrium. Air-soil equilibrium. Air-biota equilibrium. Dry and wet atmospheric deposition. Sorption. Water-solid phase equilibrium (sediments, suspended sediments, soils). Leaching of soils, runoff. Chemical transformations. Non-reductive chemical reactions including nucleophilic group. Redox reactions. Photochemical transformation processes. Bioaccumulation. Biomagnification, uptake from food, uptake from sediments, uptake from water, food and sediments. Accumulation in terrestric plants, roots uptake, foliar uptake. Accumulation in terrestrial invertebrates. Models of environmental distribution of chemicals. Multimedia models. Biodegradation, types of biodegradation reactions. Aerobic biodegradation and metabolic mechanisms, anaerobic biodegradation, kinetics of biodegradation. Biotransformation, effects of biotransformation on xenobiotics. Phases of biotransformation processes.
Assessment methods (in Czech)
přednáška/ústní zkouška nebo kolokvium
Language of instruction
Czech
Follow-Up Courses
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Autumn 1999, Autumn 2000, Autumn 2001, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2003, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/autumn2003/C5250