PřF:C5250 Environmental Chemistry II - Course Information
C5250 Environmental Chemistry IIFaculty of Science
- Extent and Intensity
- 2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
- prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc. (lecturer)
- Guaranteed by
- prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc.
RECETOX - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc.
- Basic courses from inorganic, organic and physical chemistry and biochemistry on the level of study programmes Chemistry or Biology
- Course Enrolment Limitations
- The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
- fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
- Ecotoxicology (programme PřF, B-BI)
- Course objectives
- Global environmental problems. Environmental chemistry, definitions, basic approaches. Chemicals in the environment, definitions, basic approaches. State of the environment in CR. The behaviour of chemicals in the environment. Environmental interface and chemical equilibrium. Environmental persistence. Fate of chemicals in the environment, transport, transformation. Thermodynamic descriptors of molecular energy. Environmental equilibrium. Chemical transformations. Models of environmental distribution of chemicals. Multimedia models. Biodegradation, biotransformation.
- Global environmental problems. Environmental chemistry - definitions, basic approaches. Chemicals in the environment - definitions, basic approaches. Environmental harmful chemicals. Environmental fate of chemicals. State of the environment in CR. Ecosystems - definition, relationships. Biogeochemical cycles - general aspects, BGCC of carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, phosphor, metals The behaviour of chemicals in the environment. Environmental interface and chemical equilibrium. Environmental persistence. Fate of chemicals in the environment - transport, transformation. Thermodynamic descriptors of molecular energy. Thermodynamic functions used for quantification of molecular changes. Vapour pressure. Water solubility. Equilibrium organic phase-water. Distribution coefficient n-octanol-water. Organic acids and bases, constants of acidity. Diffusion. Environmental equilibrium. Air-water equilibrium, Henry law. Air-aerosol equilibrium. Air-soil equilibrium. Air-biota equilibrium. Dry and wet atmospheric deposition. Sorption. Water-solid phase equilibrium (sediments, suspended sediments, soils). Leaching of soils, runoff. Chemical transformations. Non-reductive chemical reactions including nucleophilic group. Redox reactions. Photochemical transformation processes. Bioaccumulation. Biomagnification, uptake from food, uptake from sediments, uptake from water, food and sediments. Accumulation in terrestric plants, roots uptake, foliar uptake. Accumulation in terrestrial invertebrates. Models of environmental distribution of chemicals. Multimedia models. Biodegradation, types of biodegradation reactions. Aerobic biodegradation and metabolic mechanisms, anaerobic biodegradation, kinetics of biodegradation. Biotransformation, effects of biotransformation on xenobiotics. Phases of biotransformation processes.
- Assessment methods (in Czech)
- přednáška/ústní zkouška nebo kolokvium
- Language of instruction
- Follow-Up Courses
- Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
- The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.