F6040 Thermodynamics and statistical physics

Faculty of Science
autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
3/2/0. 4 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
prof. Mgr. Jiří Krtička, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Jakub Fišák (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Jana Musilová, CSc.
Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. Mgr. Jiří Krtička, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites (in Czech)
( F4120 Theoretical mechanics && F4090 Electrodyn.and theory of rel. )||( F4100 Introduction to Microphysics )
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of this course, students should be able to understand the basic principles of thermodynamics and statistical physics. The interpretation of basic ideas and laws of thermodynamics is based on its statistical description. The basic laws of thermodynamics are also derived from principles of statistical physics. The laws of thermodynamics are applied to individual experiments. Main statistical distributions are derived with applications.
  • 1. The main ideas of thermodynamics. Descriptions of systems of many particles. State and process. Thermodynamic equilibrium.
  • 2. First law of thermodynamics. Force, work, and heat. Adiabatic process. Quasistatic and reversible processes.
  • 3. Temperature and entropy. Second law of thermodynamics.
  • 4. Third law of thermodynamics. Heat capacity. Ideal gas processes.
  • 5. Thermodynamic potentials (energy, free energy, enthalpy, Gibbs function). Maxwell relations.
  • 6. Measurement of macroscopic parameters (temperature, heat capacity, compressibility) and relations between it.
  • 7. Free expansion of a gas. Joule-Thomson process.
  • 8. Heat engines. Implications of third law of thermodynamics.
  • 9. Equilibrium and stability conditions. Dependence of thermodynamic quantities on mass. Law of mass action.
  • 10. Phase transitions. Classification of phase transitions. First-order phase transitions, phase diagram.
  • 11. Magnetism.
  • 12. Fluctuations.
  • 13. Microcanonical distribution.
  • 14. Canonical distribution. Density of states. Maxwell-Boltzmann gas. Virial theorem. Equipartition theorem.
  • 15. Grand canonical distribution. Bose-Einstein distribution. Fermi-Dirac distribution.
  • REIF, F. Fundamentals of statistical and thermal physics. Auckland: McGraw-Hill, 1965. x, [10]. ISBN 007085615X. info
  • KVASNICA, Jozef. Termodynamika. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní nakladatelství technické literatury, 1965. 394 s. info
  • Thermal physics. Edited by Ralph Baierlein. 1st publ. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. xiii, 442. ISBN 0-521-59082-5. info
  • KVASNICA, Jozef. Statistická fyzika. 2. vyd. Praha: Academia, 1998. 314 s. ISBN 8020006761. info
  • FERMI, Enrico. Termodinamika [Fermi, 1973] : Thermodynamics (Orig.). 2. stereotip. izd. Char'kov: Izdatel'stvo Char'kovskogo universiteta, 1973. 136 s. info
  • KONDEPUDI, Dilip and Ilya PRIGOGINE. Modern thermodynamics : from heat engines to dissipative structures. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 1998. xvii, 486. ISBN 0-471-97393-9. info
  • LEONTOVIČ, M. A. Úvod do thermodynamiky. 1. vyd. Praha: Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd, 1957. 191 s. info
  • LANDAU, Lev Davidovič and Jevgenij Michajlovič LIFŠIC. Statistical physics. Translated by J. B. Sykes - M. J. Kearsley. 3rd ed. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001. xvii, 544. ISBN 0-7506-3372-7. info
Teaching methods
Lectures and exercises. Exescises are available at http://www.physics.muni.cz/~krticka/vyuka.html
Assessment methods
Oral and written exam. Students are graded according to the results of the oral and written exam. 1 written test during the term. 50% of marks are necessary.
Language of instruction
Follow-Up Courses
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020.
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