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PřF:F6040 Therm. and stat. phys. - Course Information

## F6040 Thermodynamics and statistical physics

**Faculty of Science**

autumn 2021

**Extent and Intensity**- 3/2/0. 4 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
**Teacher(s)**- prof. Mgr. Jiří Krtička, Ph.D. (lecturer)

Mgr. Jakub Fišák (seminar tutor) **Guaranteed by**- prof. RNDr. Jana Musilová, CSc.

Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science

Contact Person: prof. Mgr. Jiří Krtička, Ph.D.

Supplier department: Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science **Prerequisites**(in Czech)- (
**F4120**Theoretical mechanics &&**F4090**Electrodyn.and theory of rel. )||(**F4100**Introduction to Microphysics ) **Course Enrolment Limitations**- The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
**fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with****Course objectives**- At the end of this course, students should be able to understand the basic principles of thermodynamics and statistical physics. The interpretation of basic ideas and laws of thermodynamics is based on its statistical description. The basic laws of thermodynamics are also derived from principles of statistical physics. The laws of thermodynamics are applied to individual experiments. Main statistical distributions are derived with applications.
**Syllabus**- 1. The main ideas of thermodynamics. Descriptions of systems of many particles. State and process. Thermodynamic equilibrium.
- 2. First law of thermodynamics. Force, work, and heat. Adiabatic process. Quasistatic and reversible processes.
- 3. Temperature and entropy. Second law of thermodynamics.
- 4. Third law of thermodynamics. Heat capacity. Ideal gas processes.
- 5. Thermodynamic potentials (energy, free energy, enthalpy, Gibbs function). Maxwell relations.
- 6. Measurement of macroscopic parameters (temperature, heat capacity, compressibility) and relations between it.
- 7. Free expansion of a gas. Joule-Thomson process.
- 8. Heat engines. Implications of third law of thermodynamics.
- 9. Equilibrium and stability conditions. Dependence of thermodynamic quantities on mass. Law of mass action.
- 10. Phase transitions. Classification of phase transitions. First-order phase transitions, phase diagram.
- 11. Magnetism.
- 12. Fluctuations.
- 13. Microcanonical distribution.
- 14. Canonical distribution. Density of states. Maxwell-Boltzmann gas. Virial theorem. Equipartition theorem.
- 15. Grand canonical distribution. Bose-Einstein distribution. Fermi-Dirac distribution.

**Literature**- REIF, F.
*Fundamentals of statistical and thermal physics*. Auckland: McGraw-Hill, 1965. x, [10]. ISBN 007085615X. info - KVASNICA, Jozef.
*Termodynamika*. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní nakladatelství technické literatury, 1965. 394 s. info *Thermal physics*. Edited by Ralph Baierlein. 1st publ. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. xiii, 442. ISBN 0-521-59082-5. info- KVASNICA, Jozef.
*Statistická fyzika*. 2. vyd. Praha: Academia, 1998. 314 s. ISBN 8020006761. info - FERMI, Enrico.
*Termodinamika [Fermi, 1973] : Thermodynamics (Orig.)*. 2. stereotip. izd. Char'kov: Izdatel'stvo Char'kovskogo universiteta, 1973. 136 s. info - KONDEPUDI, Dilip and Ilya PRIGOGINE.
*Modern thermodynamics : from heat engines to dissipative structures*. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 1998. xvii, 486. ISBN 0-471-97393-9. info - LEONTOVIČ, M. A.
*Úvod do thermodynamiky*. 1. vyd. Praha: Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd, 1957. 191 s. info - LANDAU, Lev Davidovič and Jevgenij Michajlovič LIFŠIC.
*Statistical physics*. Translated by J. B. Sykes - M. J. Kearsley. 3rd ed. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001. xvii, 544. ISBN 0-7506-3372-7. info

- REIF, F.
**Teaching methods**- Lectures and exercises. Exescises are available at http://www.physics.muni.cz/~krticka/vyuka.html
**Assessment methods**- Oral and written exam. Students are graded according to the results of the oral and written exam. 1 written test during the term. 50% of marks are necessary.
**Language of instruction**- Czech
**Follow-Up Courses****Listed among pre-requisites of other courses**

- Enrolment Statistics (recent)

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