C7860 Plant Biochemistry

Faculty of Science
Spring 2019
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Alternate Types of Completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
doc. Mgr. Jan Lochman, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Supervisor
prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Glatz, CSc.
Department of Biochemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: doc. Mgr. Jan Lochman, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Biochemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites
C3181 Biochemistry I || C3580 Biochemistry || C5720 Biochemistry
completion of the lecture Biochemistry I
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
there are 9 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
An advanced lecture, after its completion students will get knowledge about the metabolic pathways in plants and its interactions with the environment. The lectures are focused to following subjects - Basic components of plant cell; Assimilation and dissimilation metabolism of plant cell; Assimilation of nitrogen, sulphur, carbon; Respiration and Photorespiration; Bioenergetics of plants; Metabolism of fats and sugars; Phytohormones, Interaction plant-pathogen (compatible and incompatible interaction); phytoalexins, passive and active defence; Use and function of herbicides. Plants as source of energy and biomass.
Syllabus
  • 1. Isolation of vegetal cell components, markers. 2. Vegetal cell wall components (composition, structure, biosynthesis, microfibrillar polysaccharides, amorphous polysaccharides, lignin, lignification), 3. Role of plasmalemma, plasma membrane ATPase, tonoplast ATPase, membrane transport. Respiratory chain of plant mitochondria, photorespiration. 4. Degradation of polysaccharides (amylases, D-enzyme, R-enzyme, phosphorylases), degradation of polysaccharides in fungi. Cellulases, ligninases. 5. Glyoxalic acid cycle and tricarboxylic acids cycle Degradation of fats (beta-oxidation of fatty acids), degradation of stock proteins. 6. Nitrogen metabolism in plants, nitrogen fixation, assimilation of ammonia, glutamatedehydrogenase, Glutaminesynthetase, nitrate and nitrite reductase. 7. CO2 assimilation, C4 plants, C6 plants. 9. Phytohormones, structure, synthesis and molecular mechanism (auxins, giberellic acids, cytokinins, ethylen). 9. Photosynthesis - photosynthetic pigments: chlorophylls, carotenoids, photochemistry, Dark phase of photosynthesis, inhibitors. Biosynthesis of oligosaccharides, polysaccharides and glycosides. 10. Allelopathy, phytotoxins, alkaloids, phytoalexins, regulation of their synthesis and their mechanism in the protection of plants. 11. Pharmacological use of plant metabolites: insecticides, treatment of cancer, malaria, AIDS.Plants and pharmacology 12. Plants as source of material. Chemical methods, biochemical methods, methanogenesis.
Literature
  • BUCHANAN, Bob, Wilhelm GRUISSEM and Russell JONES. Biochemistry & molecular biology of plants. Rockville, Maryland: American society of plant physiologists, 2000. 1367 pp. ISBN 0-943088-39-9. info
  • Heldt- Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (Acad Press, Elsevier), 3rd Edition, 2005
Teaching methods
Lectures
Assessment methods
Advance course, written exam
Language of instruction
Czech
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Autumn 1999, Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2000, Autumn 2001, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2019, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/spring2019/C7860

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