The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
there are 9 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
An advanced lecture, after its completion students will get knowledge about the metabolic pathways in plants and its interactions with the environment. The lectures are focused to following subjects - Basic components of plant cell; Assimilation and dissimilation metabolism of plant cell; Assimilation of nitrogen, sulphur, carbon; Respiration and Photorespiration; Bioenergetics of plants; Metabolism of fats and sugars; Phytohormones, Interaction plant-pathogen (compatible and incompatible interaction); phytoalexins, passive and active defence; Use and function of herbicides. Plants as source of energy and biomass.
1. Isolation of vegetal cell components, markers.
2. Vegetal cell wall components (composition, structure, biosynthesis, microfibrillar polysaccharides, amorphous polysaccharides, lignin, lignification),
3. Role of plasmalemma, plasma membrane ATPase, tonoplast ATPase, membrane transport. Respiratory chain of plant mitochondria, photorespiration.
4. Degradation of polysaccharides (amylases, D-enzyme, R-enzyme, phosphorylases), degradation of polysaccharides in fungi. Cellulases, ligninases.
5. Glyoxalic acid cycle and tricarboxylic acids cycle
Degradation of fats (beta-oxidation of fatty acids), degradation of stock proteins.
6. Nitrogen metabolism in plants, nitrogen fixation, assimilation of ammonia, glutamatedehydrogenase, Glutaminesynthetase, nitrate and nitrite reductase.
7. CO2 assimilation, C4 plants, C6 plants.
9. Phytohormones, structure, synthesis and molecular mechanism (auxins, giberellic acids, cytokinins, ethylen).
9. Photosynthesis - photosynthetic pigments: chlorophylls, carotenoids, photochemistry, Dark phase of photosynthesis, inhibitors. Biosynthesis of oligosaccharides, polysaccharides and glycosides.
10. Allelopathy, phytotoxins, alkaloids, phytoalexins, regulation of their synthesis and their mechanism in the protection of plants.
11. Pharmacological use of plant metabolites: insecticides, treatment of cancer, malaria, AIDS.Plants and pharmacology
12. Plants as source of material. Chemical methods, biochemical methods, methanogenesis.
BUCHANAN, Bob, Wilhelm GRUISSEM and Russell JONES. Biochemistry & molecular biology of plants. Rockville, Maryland: American society of plant physiologists, 2000. 1367 pp. ISBN 0-943088-39-9. info