PřF:C7860 Plant Biochemistry - Course Information
C7860 Plant BiochemistryFaculty of Science
- Extent and Intensity
- 2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Other types of completion: k (colloquium).
- doc. Mgr. Jan Lochman, Ph.D. (lecturer)
- Guaranteed by
- doc. Mgr. Jan Lochman, Ph.D.
Department of Biochemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: doc. Mgr. Jan Lochman, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Biochemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
- C3181 Biochemistry I || C3580 Biochemistry || C5720 Biochemistry
basic lecture of Biochemistry
- Course Enrolment Limitations
- The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
- fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
- there are 10 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
- Course objectives
- An advanced lecture. At the end students should have knowledge about - Basic components of plant cells. Plant metabolims and storage of energy. Structure and function of phytohormons. Defence mechanims in plants (secondary metabolites, phytoalexins, elicitins). Use and function of herbicides. Plants as source of energy and biomass.
- Learning outcomes
- At the end students should have following knowledge:
- basic assimilation processes in plants
- detailed description of molecular mechanism of photosynthesis and respiration in plants
- interactions of plants with the environment
- molecular plant-pathogen interactions
- biotechnological plant utilization
- 1. Isolation of vegetal cell components, markers. 2. Vegetal cell wall components (composition, structure, biosynthesis, microfibrillar polysaccharides, amorphous polysaccharides, lignin, lignification), 3. Role of plasmalemma, plasma membrane ATPase, tonoplast ATPase, membrane transport. Respiratory chain of plant mitochondria, photorespiration. 4. Degradation of polysaccharides (amylases, D-enzyme, R-enzyme, phosphorylases), degradation of polysaccharides in fungi. Cellulases, ligninases. 5. Glyoxalic acid cycle and tricarboxylic acids cycle Degradation of fats (beta-oxidation of fatty acids), degradation of stock proteins. 6. Nitrogen metabolism in plants, nitrogen fixation, assimilation of ammonia, glutamatedehydrogenase, Glutaminesynthetase, nitrate and nitrite reductase. 7. CO2 assimilation, C4 plants, C6 plants. 9. Phytohormones, structure, synthesis and molecular mechanism (auxins, giberellic acids, cytokinins, ethylen). 9. Photosynthesis - photosynthetic pigments: chlorophylls, carotenoids, photochemistry, Dark phase of photosynthesis, inhibitors. Biosynthesis of oligosaccharides, polysaccharides and glycosides. 10. Allelopathy, phytotoxins, alkaloids, phytoalexins, regulation of their synthesis and their mechanism in the protection of plants. 11. Pharmacological use of plant metabolites: insecticides, treatment of cancer, malaria, AIDS.Plants and pharmacology 12. Plants as source of material. Chemical methods, biochemical methods, methanogenesis.
- BUCHANAN, Bob, Wilhelm GRUISSEM and Russell JONES. Biochemistry & molecular biology of plants. Rockville, Maryland: American society of plant physiologists, 2000. 1367 pp. ISBN 0-943088-39-9. info
- Heldt- Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (Acad Press, Elsevier), 3rd Edition, 2005
- Teaching methods
- Assessment methods
- Advance course, written exam
- Language of instruction
- Follow-Up Courses
- Further Comments
- The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.