VB006 Panorama of Physics II

Faculty of Informatics
Spring 2003
Extent and Intensity
2/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Recommended Type of Completion: k (colloquium). Other types of completion: z (credit).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Jan Slovák, DrSc.
Timetable
Thu 9:00–10:50 D1
Prerequisites (in Czech)
! V006 Panorama of Physics II &&( V005 Panorama of Physics I || VB005 Panorama of Physics I )
Předpokládá se znalost základních pojmů, symboliky a nejjednodušších technik matematické analýzy (diferenciální a integrální počet funkcí jedné i více proměnných).
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives (in Czech)
Výklad je zaměřen na seznámení s nejvýznamnějšími fyzikálními poznatky v oblastech jaderné fyziky, speciální a obecné teorie relativity a astrofyziky.
Syllabus
  • Arrow of the time. The difference between past and future. Various indicators of the arrow of time and relations between them.
  • The experimental basis of quantum mechanics. The Planck law. The photoeffect. The Bohr model of the atom. The uncertainty relations in the quantum mechanics.
  • The structure of the atoms. The Schrödinger equation. The explanation of the table of elements. The particles spin, the bosons and the fermions.
  • The structure of matter from the standpoint of quantum mechanics. The solid state physics. Suprafluidness and supraconductivity.
  • Quantas and relativity. The problem of connections between the quantum mechanics and relativity theory. The quantum electrodynamics.
  • The atomic nucleus and elementary particles. The nuclear physics, its practical use. The classification of elementary particles. Efforts to create the theory of everything.
  • The controversy on the nature of reality. The measurement problem in quantum mechanics. The Einstein - Bohr discussion. The Bell inequalities.
  • The general theory of relativity. The curved space - time. The Einstein gravitational equations. The Schwarzschild spherically symmetric solution and gravitational collapse.
  • Astrophysics. The structure and evolution of stars. The Herzsprung - Russell diagram. Our galaxy.
  • Cosmology. History of cosmology, Friedman models, early stages of evolution of the universe.
  • Philosophical problems of physics. The matter - mind relation. Man and computer. The anthropic principles.
Literature
  • MACHÁČEK, Martin. Encyklopedie fyziky. 1. vyd. Praha: Mladá fronta, Fond AV ČR pro vydávání vědecké literatury, 1995. 408 s. ISBN 8020402373. info
  • FEYNMAN, Richard P., Robert B. LEIGHTON and Matthew SANDS. Feynmanove prednášky z fyziky 1. 2. vyd. Bratislava: Alfa, 1986. 451 s. info
  • FEYNMAN, Richard P., Robert B. LEIGHTON and Matthew SANDS. Feynmanove prednášky z fyziky 2. 2. vyd. Bratislava: Alfa, 1985. 488 s. info
  • FEYNMAN, Richard P., Robert B. LEIGHTON and Matthew SANDS. Feynmanove prednášky z fyziky 3. 1. vyd. Bratislava: Alfa, 1988. 572 s. info
  • FEYNMAN, Richard Phillips, Robert B. LEIGHTON and Matthew SANDS. Feynmanove prednášky z fyziky. 1. vyd. Bratislava: Alfa, 1989. 452 s. ISBN 80-05-00029-4. info
  • FEYNMAN, Richard Phillips, Robert B. LEIGHTON and Matthew SANDS. Feynmanove prednášky z fyziky. 1. vyd. Bratislava: Alfa, 1990. 542 s. ISBN 80-05-00518-0. info
  • LANDAU, Lev Davidovič and Jevgenij Michajlovič LIFŠIC. Úvod do teoretickej fyziky. 2, Kvantová mechanika. 1. vyd. Bratislava: Alfa, 1982. 357 s. info
  • PENROSE, Roger. The emperor's new mind : concerning computers, minds, and the laws of physics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. xiii, 466. ISBN 0198519737. info
  • PENROSE, Roger. Shadows of the mind : a search for the missing science of consciousness. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. xvi, 457. ISBN 0198539789. info
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020, Spring 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2003, recent)
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