VB006 Panorama of Physics II

Faculty of Informatics
Spring 2011
Extent and Intensity
2/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Recommended Type of Completion: k (colloquium). Other types of completion: z (credit).
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Dušan Hemzal, Ph.D. (assistant)
prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. Ing. Václav Přenosil, CSc.
Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc.
Timetable
Thu 8:00–9:50 D3
Prerequisites (in Czech)
VB005 Panorama of Physics I
Předpokládá se znalost základních pojmů, symboliky a nejjednodušších technik matematické analýzy (diferenciální a integrální počet funkcí jedné i více proměnných).
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 19 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
At the end of this course students should be able to understand concepts of classical and modern physics, and to work with the basic knowledge in the field of quantum mechanics, statistical physics, condensed mater physics, nuclear physics, and astrophysics.
Syllabus
  • Manipulating gas and free electrons. Work and heat. Irreversibility.
  • Maxwell demon. Entropy. Probabilistic view of irreversibility.
  • Thermal radiation, classical and quantum description. Cosmic microwave background. Cosmic sailing.
  • Basics of quantum theory. Waves as particles, particles as waves. Superposition of states, probability amplitudes. Measurement. Einstein against Bohr.
  • Schrodinger equation. Structure of atoms. Indistinguishable particles. Back to the periodic table.
  • Condensed matter. Si and GaAs. Microelectronic structures.
  • Thermodynamics of computation. Quantum computers.
  • Low=dimensional structures. Photonics.
  • Atomic nucleus. Nuclear forces and models of nuclei. Radioactivity. Nuclear reactions.
  • Elementary particles. Quantum electrodynamics. Particles and antiparticles.
  • Astrophysics. Structure and evolution of stars. Cosmology.
  • Great problems of contemporary physics.
Literature
  • HALLIDAY, David, Robert RESNICK and Jearl WALKER. Fyzika : vysokoškolská učebnice obecné fyziky. Edited by Petr Dub, Translated by Jana Musilová - Jan Obdržálek. Vyd. 1. V Brně: Vysoké učení technické, 2000. xvi, 328. ISBN 8071962147. info
  • FEYNMAN, Richard Phillips, Robert B. LEIGHTON and Matthew SANDS. Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky s řešenými příklady. 1. vyd. Havlíčkův Brod: Fragment, 2001. 806 s. ISBN 8072004204. info
  • FEYNMAN, Richard Phillips, Robert B. LEIGHTON and Matthew SANDS. Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky s řešenými příklady. 1. vyd. Havlíčkův Brod: Fragment, 2002. 435 s. ISBN 8072004212. info
  • FEYNMAN, Richard Phillips. O povaze fyzikálních zákonů :sedmkrát o rytmech přírodních jevů. Vyd. 1. Praha: Aurora, 1998. 185 s. ISBN 80-85974-53-3. info
  • HAWKING, Stephen and Roger PENROSE. Povaha prostoru a času. Edited by Jiří Bičák. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 2000. 137 s. ISBN 8020007458. info
  • HAWKING, Stephen. Černé díry a budoucnost vesmíru. Translated by Jiří Langer. Vyd. 1. Praha: Mladá fronta, 1995. 182 s. ISBN 8020405151. info
Teaching methods
lectures
Assessment methods
Excercises assigned during the semester are intended to support better understanding of the studied themes. At the end of the semester, solutions of at least a half of the excercises is required for passing the colloquium.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020, Spring 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2011, recent)
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