VV072 Molecular biology for bioinformatics

Faculty of Informatics
Spring 2021
Extent and Intensity
2/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
doc. RNDr. Irena Koutná, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Pavel Šimara, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Lenka Tesařová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. RNDr. Irena Koutná, Ph.D.
Department of Visual Computing - Faculty of Informatics
Contact Person: doc. RNDr. Irena Koutná, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Visual Computing - Faculty of Informatics
Prerequisites
None
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 61 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
The aim of this lecture is to provide the introduction into molecular biology and into general processes by which the cells express their genetic information. At the end of the course the student will be able to understand basic information about the genome structure and function, gene expression principles and the cell behaviour at the molecular level.
Learning outcomes
Students understand the basic principles of biological processes at the level of molecules.
Syllabus
  • 1. History of molecular biology. Nucleic acids and proteins (Structure and function of DNA, RNA and proteins; interaction of proteins with DNA) 2. Genome structure and genetic information (Structure of bacterial and eukaryotic genome, genome evolution, genetic code, transcription unit) 3. Genome replication, DNA repair and recombination (Replication of bacterial and eukaryotic genome, molecular basis of mutagenesis, DNA recombination and repair mechanisms) 4. Genome transcription (Transcription of bacterial and eukaryotic genome, post-transcriptional processing of RNA, mechanisms of RNA splicing) 5. Genome translation (Translation of bacterial and eukaryotic mRNA, the ribosome structure, post-translational processing) 6. Regulation of gene expression (Control of bacterial and eukaryotic genome expression, induction and repression, operon, transcription factors, posttranscriptional regulatory mechanisms) 7. Molecular mechanisms of signalling (Molecules involved in signalling pathways, receiving and processing of signals, communication between cells) 8. Molecular structure of eukaryotic cells (Molecular structure of the cell, transport of molecules within and outside the cell) 9. Cell cycle regulation (Molecular basis of cell cycle phases, regulation of cell growth and division) 10. Programmed cell death and molecular basis of acquired immunity (Immunoglobulins, BCR and TCR expression, development and activation of T- and B-cells) 11. Molecular basis of cancer (Basic characteristics of tumour cells, oncogenes, proto-oncogenes, tumour suppressors) 12. Methods of molecular biology and basic principles of gene engineering (Essential methods to study genome, transcriptome and proteome, genetic manipulations)
Literature
Teaching methods
Lectures 12x120 min
Assessment methods
1 written test divided into 3 parts according to the type of expected answer - a) yes/no b) multichoice c) text. 30 questions
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/fi/spring2021/VV072