BKBC011p Biochemistry - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught in person.
Teacher(s)
doc. RNDr. Jiří Dostál, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Michaela Králíková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
RNDr. Hana Paulová, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Jiří Slanina, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Eva Táborská, CSc. (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Josef Tomandl, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Marie Tomandlová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Bc. Ivana Ševčíková (assistant)
Guaranteed by
RNDr. Hana Paulová, CSc.
Department of Biochemistry - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: RNDr. Hana Paulová, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Biochemistry - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Timetable
Tue 14. 9. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 21. 9. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 5. 10. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 12. 10. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 19. 10. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 26. 10. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 2. 11. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 9. 11. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 16. 11. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 23. 11. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 30. 11. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 7. 12. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula, Tue 14. 12. 17:00–18:50 B22/116 aula
Prerequisites
The course is designed for students of corresponding fields.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Biochemistry for bacherols follows secondary school chemistry and biochemistry broadens the subject considerably to the level required for the study of successive subjects. The aim of the subject is to provide a comprehensive view of the basic metabolic processes in the human body related to the functioning of the human organism. It gets information on the production and use of energy in the human body, the structure and synthesis of the main molecules, the main regulatory mechanisms that maintain homeostasis. Students will obtain knowledge about the biochemical nature of the most important disorders of metabolism and bases of their clinico-biochemical examination, taking into account their specialization.
Learning outcomes
After the completition of the subject student will understand physico-chemical processes important for biological systems, He is able to
- explain basic principles of nutrient metabolism,
- discuss the principles of regulation,
- understand how energy is generated, used, and stored by the various organs of the body,
- describe the biochemical proceses typical for main organs and tissues in the body (heart, liver, kidney muscle, nerve tissue),
- explain basic principles of homeostasis,
- characterize the composition and function of the main body fluids,
- understand the processes of hemocoagulation.
He is familiar with the effects of major hormones and the principle of their action through receptors.
Syllabus
  • Basic terms. Solutions, concentration. Elektrolytes. Osmotic pressure. Acids and bases, pH. Buffers.
  • Biogenic elements – overview, significance. Toxic elements.
  • Biochemically important organic substances.
  • Surfactans.
  • Saccharides-properties, classifications, overview.
  • Amino acids, peptides, proteins – properties, classification, overview.
  • Enzymes-structures, mechanism of enzymatic action, overview. Enzymes important in clinical biochemistry.
  • Lipides- properties, classifications, overview. Steroids-overview. Cholesterol, bile pigments.
  • Vitamins.
  • Nukleosides a nukleotides, basic types of nucleic acids.
  • Replication, transcription, translation.
  • Membranes, transport.
  • Metabolismus of nutrients-overview. Production of energy in cell.
  • Digestion and resorption of saccharides. Metabolism of saccharides.
  • Proteins in food, digestion, resorption. Metabolism of proteins and amino acids.
  • Digestion and resorption of lipids. Lipoproteins. Metabolism of lipids. Metabolism of cholesterol.
  • Metabolism under different states.
  • Biochemistry of blood.
  • Degradation of blood pigment.
  • Management of water and ions in the body.
  • Acid-base balance in organism.
  • Biochemical function of liver, kidneys. Muscle tissue biochemistry. Connective tissue biochemistry.
  • Signal molecules and receptors.
  • Nerve cell. Nerve signal transmittion.
  • Biochemistry of vision.
Literature
    required literature
  • PAULOVÁ Hana a kolektiv autorů. Biochemie pro nelékařské zdravotnické obory.1.vyd.Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2021., 154s. ISBN 978-80-210-9858-9
Teaching methods
Teaching form are lectures, 2 hours per week.
Assessment methods
Written examination. The test is solved on computers in the computer room of the Department of Biochemistry (in the case of failure at the 2nd resit term the exam continues with the oral part). The questions are focused on basic concepts necessary for understanding the processes in the human body (simple calculations of concentrations, pH, osmolarity, other concepts – acids, basies, buffers, selected elements), on topics related to static biochemistry, cellular metabolism, and biochemical processes that take place in human organs and tissues.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 30.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses

Zobrazit další předměty

The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2000, Autumn 2001, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018, autumn 2019, autumn 2020.
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