BKHI021p Histology - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
spring 2020
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. MUDr. RNDr. Svatopluk Čech, DrSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Irena Lauschová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Eva Mecová (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc. (lecturer)
RNDr. Petr Vaňhara, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. MUDr. RNDr. Svatopluk Čech, DrSc.
Department of Histology and Embryology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: prof. MUDr. RNDr. Svatopluk Čech, DrSc.
Supplier department: Department of Histology and Embryology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Timetable
Tue 10:00–11:50 A11/234, except Tue 21. 4., except Tue 28. 4., except Tue 12. 5.
Prerequisites
BKLT011 Medical Latin || ( BOFY0121p Physiology I-lec. && BKLT011 Medical Latin )
The course is designed for students of corresponding fields.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 10 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
Histology deals with microscopic structure of plant and animal organisms incl. the human body and involves cytology, general histology, and microscopic anatomy. At the end of the course students according to their future professional orientation (physiotherapists or optometrists) should be able to: a) define basic terms and categories of the subject and apply used classification system in the praxis; b) describe and explain structure and function of animal cells on submicroscopic and molecular levels; c) describe and explain structural characteristics of epithels, connective and supporting tissues (incl. their function), muscle tissue including mechanism of muscle contraction and nerve tissue; d) identify basic tissues in histological slides (physiotherapists only); e) analyze the microscopic structure and function of main organs of systems related to professional orientation (physiotherapists - muscles, joints and ligaments, central and peripheral nervous system; optometrists - organ of vision, central and peripheral nervous system); f) understand existing close interrelations between structure and function of individual tissues and organs of the human body.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students according to their future professional orientation (physiotherapists or optometrists) should be able to: a) define basic terms and categories of the subject and apply used classification system in the praxis; b) describe and explain structure and function of animal cells on submicroscopic and molecular levels; c) describe and explain structural characteristics of epithels, connective and supporting tissues (incl. their function), muscle tissue including mechanism of muscle contraction and nerve tissue; d) identify basic tissues in histological slides (physiotherapists only); e) analyze the microscopic structure and function of main organs of systems related to professional orientation (physiotherapists - muscles, joints and ligaments, central and peripheral nervous system; optometrists - organ of vision, central and peripheral nervous system, acento to ophthalmology); f) understand existing close interrelations between structure and function of individual tissues and organs of the human body.
Syllabus
  • Introduction. Histology - definition, classification and significance. Cytology I. The cell as a minimal unit of the living matter, overview of main cell components.
  • Cytology II: Plasma membrane, cell surfaces and intercellular junctions. Cell cycle, cell division, and cell differentiation.
  • Tissues - definition, origin and classification. Connective and supporting tissues - their general characteristics and components: cells, fibres and ground substance.
  • The connective tissue proper and specilized connective tissue - types, chief distribution, and function.
  • Supporting tissues: cartilage and bone - types, chief distribution, and function.
  • Development of bone tissue (ossification). Repair of cartilage and bone and histophysiology of bone.
  • Microscopic structure of joints. Muscle tissue I - classification, distribution and function. Smooth muscle tissue and cardiac muscle tissue.
  • Muscle tissue II - Skeletal muscle tissue. Mechanisms of the muscle contraction. Microscopic structure of muscles. Development and regeneration of muscle tissue.
  • Nerve tissue: neurones and their components. Synapses. Neuroglia. Conduction of nerve impulses.
  • Overview of microscopic structure of the central nervous system.
  • Overview of microscopic structure of the peripheral nervous system.
  • Overview of microscopic structure of the eye. Layers of the eyeball - their morphology and function. Dioptric media of the eye. Eyelids. Lacrimal apparatus.
  • Blood vessels and blood corpuscles: erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes. Differential white cell count.
  • Overview of microscopic structure of skin and skin appendages.
Literature
    required literature
  • ČECH, Svatopluk and Drahomír HORKÝ. Histologie a mikroskopická anatomie pro bakaláře (Histology and microscopical anatomy for bachelors). 1. dotisk 2., přepr. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2017. 138 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-5544-5. info
Teaching methods
lecture
Assessment methods
Students of optometry have only lectures, students of physiotherapy lectures and practicals. Subject is closed by oral examination in both specializations. Students are obliged to aswer 1 question of general histology and 1 question of microscopic anatomy.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 30.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
Teacher's information
http://www.med.muni.cz/histol/vyukac.htm
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Spring 2018, spring 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/spring2020/BKHI021p