aZLNV041p Neurosciences - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
spring 2021
Extent and Intensity
1.5/0/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Taught online.
prof. PharmDr. Petr Babula, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Markéta Bébarová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Petr Dubový, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Kamil Ďuriš, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Jaromír Gumulec, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Ivana Hradilová Svíženská, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. Ing. Oľga Križanová, DrSc. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Marie Nováková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Zuzana Nováková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Anna Rábová (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Karolína Bretová (assistant)
Dana Procházková (assistant)
Ing. Gabriela Řezníčková (assistant)
MUDr. Tibor Stračina, Ph.D. (assistant)
MUDr. Vojtěch Svízela (assistant)
Šárka Šmardová (assistant)
Lumír Trenčanský (assistant)
Guaranteed by
MUDr. Marek Joukal, Ph.D.
Department of Anatomy - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: Dana Procházková
Supplier department: Department of Anatomy - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Prerequisites (in Czech)
aZLAN0333s Anatomy III - seminar && aZLAN0333c Anatomy III-dissect. && aZLFY0321c Physiology I - pract. && aZLFY0321s Physiology I - sem.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The main aims of this course is understanding the basic principles of functioning of the central and peripheral nervous system of humans
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course student will be able to:
- explain basic principles of human central and peripheral nervous systems - neuronal communication, perception, movement, learning and memory, motivational systems and emotions
- analysed how to stress influenced to patophysiology of disseases
- aply knowledge obtained in this course to understand pathophysiology mechanisms and clinical consequences of impairments of the nervous system
  • Brain and behavior, environment of the neuron. Structural arrangement of the nervous system. Blood-brain barrier, nervous tissue. Neurons as the signaling units of NS. Chemical synapses. Information processing in the NS. Principals of sensation and perception. Visual pathways. Physiological optics, information processing in the retina. Perception of motion, depth, form and color. Pathways of auditory, vestibular, olfactory, and gustatory systems. Auditory and vestibular systems, chemical senses. Somatosensory and viscerosensory pathways. Central representation of the touch. Pain and stress analgesia. Somatomotor pathways. Pathways of the cerebellum and the basal ganglia. Spinal motor reflexes. Eye movements. Posture, locomotion and grasping movements. Motor control in man (clinical findings). Modulatory systems of the brain. Autonomic nervous system. Limbic forebrain and motivation. Emotions. Structure of the cerebral cortex. Arousal mechanisms, sleep. EEG. Learning and memory. Language, functional asymmetry of the hemispheres. Consciousness and attention. Prefrontal cortex. Ontogenic development of the brain, critical periods. Neuronal plasticity and regeneration.
    recommended literature
  • BARRETT, Kim E. Ganong's review of medical physiology. 23rd ed. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill, 2010. ix, 714. ISBN 9780071270663. info
    not specified
  • HALL, John E. and Arthur C. GUYTON. Guyton and Hall textbook of medical physiology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders/Elsevier, 2011. xix, 1091. ISBN 9781416045748. info
  • KRÁLÍČEK, Petr. Úvod do speciální neurofyziologie. 3., přeprac. a rozš. vyd. Praha: Galén, 2011. x, 235. ISBN 9788072626182. info
  • JANČÁLEK, Radim and Petr DUBOVÝ. Základy neurověd v zubním lékařství (Basis of Neuroscience for Stomatology). 2nd. Brno: Portál Lékařské fakulty Masarykovy univerzity, 2011. 117 pp. Multimediální podpora výuky klinických a zdravotni. ISSN 1801-6103. info
  • GANONG, William F. Přehled lékařské fyziologie. 20. vyd. Praha: Galén, 2005. xx, 890. ISBN 8072623117. info
  • DUBOVÝ, Petr. Struktura a dráhy nervové soustavy člověka (Structure and Pathways of the Human Nervous System). Brno: Vydavatelství MU Brno, 1998. 176 pp. ISBN 80-210-1927-1. info
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
Kolokvium - written form
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Note related to how often the course is taught: celkem výuka 22.5 hodin.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 22.5.
Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2017, Spring 2018, spring 2019, spring 2020.
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