PSA_SZZ Master`s State Exam

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2020
Extent and Intensity
0/0/0. 0 credit(s). Type of Completion: SZK (final examination).
prof. PhDr. Marek Blatný, DrSc. (lecturer)
doc. PhDr. Iva Burešová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
PhDr. Jaroslava Dosedlová, Dr. (lecturer)
doc. PhDr. Martin Jelínek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Helena Klimusová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
PhDr. Katarína Millová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. PhDr. Hana Přikrylová Kučerová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
PhDr. Zuzana Slováčková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
PhDr. Zdenka Stránská, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. PhDr. Mojmír Svoboda, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. PhDr. Tomáš Urbánek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. PhDr. Lubomír Vašina, CSc. (lecturer)
PhDr. Dalibor Vobořil, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
PhDr. Zdenka Stránská, Ph.D.
Department of Psychology - Faculty of Arts
Contact Person: Jarmila Valchářová
Supplier department: Department of Psychology - Faculty of Arts
PSA_0SZ Comprehensive Examination || PSA_SZ Bachelor Degree Examination
Preconditions for approaching the Master’s state examination are to submit Master’s thesis, to submit case study and to obtain relevant number of credits. During the second cycle of study one has to gain 120 credits in total (110 credits type A and 10 B credits).
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Master’s State Examination consists of two parts: Master’s thesis defence and oral part. Student is accomplishing the oral part of the Master’s state examination from the subjects:
- general subject areas of psychology (general psychology, psychology of personality and social psychology) and methodology
- psychodiagnostics
- *clinical psychology
*psychology of organization and management
*counseling psychology
(From disciplines marked by * student chooses just one.)
A part of the oral Master’s state examination is a discussion about the case study.
Upon completion of this course, students have demonstrated their ability to appraise and evaluate theoretical approaches in their given field of study. They are able to compare and contrast various scholarly approaches. They have a profound knowledge of the discipline including the ability to implement the various skills relating to the specific field of study.
  • Set of the themes for comprehensive examination of Cognitive psychology, Emotion, Motivation and Action:
  • 1. Subject matter and research methods of cognitive psychology Historical roots of cognitive psychology. The cognitive revolution in psychology. Areas of research in cognitive psychology. Methods of research in cognitive psychology. Cognitive science, cognitive neuroscience and cognitive neuropsychology.
  • 2. Perception Sensation vs. perception. Perceptual organization, the theory of Gestalt psychology. Perceptual constants. The perception of the size, depth and movement. Color perception. The theories of perception: constructivist theory, the theory of direct perception, integrating theory. Object recognition. Disorders of perception.
  • 3. Attention Attention and consciousness. Pre-conscious information processing; priming. Automatic processes. Habituation. Focused attention. Signal detection. Theories of attention. Attention deficit disorder.
  • 4. Memory Methods of memory research. Traditional models of memory, memory structure. Working memory model. Connectionist models. Memory processes: encoding, storage, retreiving. Theories of long-term memory. Episodic and semantic memory. Implicit memory and learning. Theories of forgetting and amnesia. Extraordinary memory capabilities. Autobiographical memory, flashbulb memories, witness testimony.
  • 5. Mental representation Definition of mental representation. Propositions and images. Schemas. The dual coding hypothesis. The proposition hypothesis. Models of mental representation. Mental manipulation of images. Concepts and categories, the categorization process. Theories of categorization. Production and production system. Connectionist models.
  • 6. Language and Speech Language conceps. The perception of speech. Theories of word recognition. Semantics and syntax. Understanding the language: the processing of sentences, discourse, narratives. Language acquisition, language development. Nature versus nurture in language acquistion. Speech production. Basic processes in reading and writing. Language and thought.
  • 7. Thinking, problem solving, creativity Reasoning and deduction. The theory of reasoning. Inductive reasoning. Heuristics and biases. Problem solving. Types of problems, problem-solving process. Gestalt psychology contribution to problem solving theories. The theory of problem space. The role of knowledge in problem solving, expert decision-making. Creativity - general approaches to creativity. Discoveries. Factors of creativity.
  • 8. Cognitive development, intelligence General principles of cognitive development. Maturation and environmental factors. Cognitive development in adulthood. Approaches to intelligence, measurement of intelligence. Theories of intelligence. Artificial intelligence.
  • 9. Motivation Motivation as a process. View of contemporary psychology to issues of behavior motivation. Basic theories of motivation and their comparison. Basic concepts of motivation (reflex, instinct, instinct, homeostasis, motivation, motiv) in the context of relevant theories. Achievement motivation. Field theory of Kurt Lewin, attribution model, the Zeigarníkova effect, the flow - phenomenon. The survival of the individual and the species. Regulation of food and fluids intake. Sexual and parental motives. Frustration. Strategies for coping with frustration. Theories related to the issue of frustration. Characteristics of volitional processes. Properties of the will. The relationship of motivation and emotion.
  • 10. Emotion Basic approaches to the study of emotion. Classical and modern theories of emotions. Basic theories of emotions and their comparison. Physiological basis of emotion. Psychophysiological indicators of emotions. Possibilities of using instrumental methods for recording psychophysiological correlates of emotion. Basic difficulties in emotion research. Subject matter and methods in emotions study. Classification of emotions in terms of power and time curve, and ontogenetic and phylogenetic terms. Current genesis of emotions.
  • Set of the themes for comprehensive examination of Methodology:
  • 1. Introduction to science. Different ways of acquiring knowledge. Science as subject-matter oriented, systematic, critical, reproducible knowledge. The research in psychology according to the objectives and research designs. Objectives of research in psychology - description, prediction, explanation. Basic concepts - theory, hypothesis, construct, operationalization, variable. Basic research designs - experiment, quasi-experiment, correlation studies. Specific research strategies, longitudinal and cross-sectional research. 2. Measurement in psychology. Indirect measurement of constructs , validity and reliability of instruments. Validity of the research - the validity of statistical procedures, construct validity, external and internal validity . Types of variables according to their role in research. 3. Qualitative and quantitative data, types of scales . Descriptive and inductive statistics. The principle of falsification, hypothesis testing, the null hypothesis in the process of hypothesis testing , type I. and II . errors. 4. The research sample . Population vs sample . The compilation of the sample . Representativeness. Probability vs non-statistical sampling. The sample size . 5. A causal interpretation of relationships, Mill's canons of induction. Experiment versus correlation study. Types of experimental designs according to manipulation with the independent variables. Variants of one-factor and multifactor experiments. Sources of threats to internal validity. 6. Within-subject experiment. Randomization and balancing. Design of control groups and control conditions in psychological research. 7. Within-subject experiment. Effect of condition order, the progressive effect, effect of the transfer. Counter-balancing - complete and partial balancing, reverse balancing, block randomization. 8. Quasi-experimantal design. Design with non-equivalent control group, multiple time series designs. Specifics of threats to internal validity. 9. Correlation studies. Limited conclusions of the correlation studies. Confounding factors in the correlation study - spurious correlation, developmental sequence, missing middle variable, double cause. 10. Research proposal. Structure of the research project - name, theoretical background , research aim and hypotheses, method, discussion, sources.
  • Psychodiagnostic, psychological assessment methods

  • Theory of psychodiagnostic - themes:
  • 1. Measurement in psychology, methodological problems
  • 2. Psychometric and clinical approach
  • 3. Characteristics of psychometric methods, standards
  • 4. Construction of psychodiagnostic methods
  • 5. Methods of item response
  • 6. Personal errors – objectivity and standardization
  • 7. Stochastic errors - reliability a its types
  • 8. Constant errors – types of validity
  • 9. Errors of interpretation - normalization, normative, ipsative and interactive scores
  • 10. New approaches in psychometrics – Item Response Theory
  • Literature:
  • American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education (2001): Standardy pro pedagogické a psychologické testování. Testcentrum, Praha.
  • Břicháček, V. (1978): Úvod do psychologického škálování. Psychodiagnostické a didaktické testy, n. p., Bratislava.
  • Gould, S. J. (1998): Jak neměřit člověka. Pravda a předsudky v dějinách hodnocení lidské inteligence. Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, Praha.
  • Hunt, M. (2000): Dějiny psychologie. Portál, Praha.
  • Urbánek, T.: Základy psychometriky. FF MU, Brno 2002.
  • Psychodiagnostic of adults - themes:
  • 1. Clinical methods (observation, interview, anamnesis) and psychofyziological methods.
  • 2. Achievement methods - principals,overview. Tests of specific psychic functions (memory, attantion, creativity et al.).
  • 3. Tests of specific abilities (e.g. technical, arts, verbal, mathematic abilities).
  • 4. Tests of I.Q. (unidimenzional, complex).
  • 5. Tests of organicity.
  • 6. Methods of personality assessment (principals, overview).
  • 7. Questionnaires – unidimenzional questionnaires.
  • 8. Multidimenzional questionnaires.
  • 9. Projective methods. Principals, overview.
  • 10. Verbal projective methods.
  • 11. Grafic projective methods.
  • 12. Objective tests of personality.
  • 13. Objective and subjective judgment scales.
  • 14. New trends in psychodiagnostic.
  • Literature:
  • Svoboda, M. (1999). Psychologická diagnostika dospělých. Portál: Praha.
  • Kondáš, O. a kol. (1992). Psychodiagnostika dospelých. OSVETA: Martin.
  • Říčan, P., Ženatý, J. (1988). K teorii a praxi projektivních technik. Psychodiagnostické a didaktické testy: Bratislava.
  • Stančák, A. (1996). Klinická psychodiagnostika dospelých.. Psychoprof: Nové Zámky.
  • Svoboda, M. (1992). Metody psychologické diagnostiky dospělých. CAPA: Praha.
  • Šípek, J. (1996). Projekce a projektivní metody v psychodiagnostice. Propsy: Praha.
  • Psychodiagnostic of children and adolescents - themes:
  • 1. Specifics of children assessment/psychodiagnostic.
  • 2. Clinical methods (observation, interview, anamnesis).
  • 3. Developmental scales
  • 4. Tests of I.Q. (unidimenzional, complex).
  • 5. . Tests of specific abilities, knowledge and skills - overview, principals.
  • 6. Tests of specific psychic functions.
  • 7. Motor assessment, laterality and speech.
  • 8. School, social ability, general knowing and skill assessment.
  • 9. Neuropsychological methods.
  • 10. Projective methods. Principals, overview.
  • 11. Drawind techniques.
  • 12. Questionnaires.
  • 12. Objective tests of personality.
  • 13. Judgment scales.
  • Literature:
  • Koluchová, J., Morávek, S.: Psychologická diagnostika dětí a mládeže. Učební text UP Olomouc 1991.
  • Říčan,P., Krejčířová,M. a kol.: Dětská klinická psychologie. Grada, Praha 1995.
  • Říčan, P., Vágnerová,M. a kol.: Dětská klinická psychologie. Avicenum, Praha 1991.
  • Stančák, A.: Klinická psychodiagnostika. Psychoprof, Nové Zámky 1996.
  • Svoboda,M.(ed.), Krejčířová, D., Vágnerová, M. Psychodiagnostika dětí a dospívajících. Portál, Praha 2001.
  • Švancara, J. a kol.: Diagnostika psychického vývoje. Avicenum, Praha 1980.
  • Last modification: 01/05/2007; prof. PhDr. Mojmír Svoboda, CSc.

  • Work and organisation psychology
  • 1. development and subject of work and organizational psychology;
  • 2. psychology of working environment, working load;
  • 3. genesis of organizations, definicion of the organization in psychology;
  • 4. mechanistic approach to organization (e.g. Weber, Taylor);
  • 5. Hawthorne studies, Hawthorne effect (Mayo);
  • 6. humanistic approach to organization (e.g. Maslow, McGregor);
  • 7. modern and approach to organization (e.g. Ouchi)
  • 8. postmodern approach to organization (e.g. Morgan, Clegg);
  • 9. organizational structure, organizational set-up;
  • 10. organizational mission and goals;
  • 11. psychology of unemployment;
  • 12. organisational culture;
  • 13. management and its role in organisation, personnel management;
  • 14. personell planning, job positinon analysis;
  • 15. selection procedure;
  • 16. assessment a development centre;
  • 17. adaptation process;
  • 18. intellectual capital and knowledge management;
  • 19. job evaluation and remuneration;
  • 20. work motivation;
  • 21. team work;
  • 22. manager's style of leading;
  • 23. management of conflicts
  • Basic literature: (more information see syllabi PSA_026 and PSA_050):
  • Bělohlávek, František. Organizační chování : jak se každý den chovají spolupracovníci, nadřízení, podřízení, obchodní partneři či zákazníci. 1. vyd. Olomouc : Rubico, 1996. 343 s. ISBN 80-85839-09-1.
  • Armstrong, Michael. Řízení lidských zdrojů [Armstrong, 2002]. Praha : Grada, 2002. 856 s. ISBN 80-247-0469-2.
  • Schein, Edgar H. Psychologie organizace. 1. vyd. Praha : Orbis, 1969. 161 s.
  • Štikar, Jiří. Psychologie ve světě práce. Vyd. 1. Praha : Karolinum, 2003. 461 s. ISBN 80-246-0448-5.
  • Hroník, František. Poznejte své zaměstnance :vše o Assessment Centre. 2. vyd. Brno : ERA, 2005. xii, 370 s. ISBN 8073660202.
  • Hroník, František. Jak se nespálit při výběru zaměstnanců : podrobný průvodce výběrovým řízením. Vyd. 1. Brno : Computer Press, 1999. 311 s. ISBN 80-7226-161-4.
  • Koubek, Josef. Personální řízení 2. Vyd. 2. V Praze : Oeconomica, 2006. 136 s. ISBN 8024510227.
  • Clinical psychology-themes:
  • 1) Philosophical, theoretical and practical basis of clinical psychology.
  • 2) Definition, subject and history of clinical pschology.
  • 3) Human being in health and illness.
  • 4) Self defenses and complex defensive character.
  • 5) Personality disorders.
  • 6) Human emotion and clinical psychology.
  • 7) Methodological problems in clinical psychology.
  • 8) Biological therapy.
  • 9) Basic of psychopharmacotherapy.
  • 10) Introspection.
  • 11) Topical drug dependencies.
  • 12) Medical psychology.
  • 13) Health psychology.
  • 14) Anxiety.
  • 15) Fear and fobia.
  • 16) Depression.
  • 17) Burnout syndrome, workoholism.
  • 18) Eating disorders.
  • 19) Sexual disorders.
  • 20) Psychosomatic disorders.
  • Literature
  • Baštecká a kol. (2003): Klinická psychologie v praxi.Portál, Praha.
  • Baštecký a kol.(1993): Psychosomatická medicína.Grada,Praha.
  • Garfielld,S.L. (1980):Clinical psychology and psychotherapy.J.W.and Sons, N.Y.
  • Heretík a kol. (2007): Klinická psychológia.Psychoprof,Nové Zámky.
  • Praško a kol. (2003): Poruchy osobnosti.Portál,Praha.
  • Říčan,P.,Krejčířová,D.(1997): Dětská klinická psychologie. Grada, Praha.
  • Smolík,P.(2002): Duševní a behaviorální poruchy.Maxdorf, Praha.
  • Vašina,L.(2008): Základy psychopatologie a klinické psychologie.IMS-Bonny Press, Brno.
  • Vymětal,J.(2003): Lékařská psychologie.Portál, Praha.
  • Last modification: doc. L. Vašina (8.1. 2009).
  • STERNBERG, Robert J. Kognitivní psychologie. Translated by František Koukolík. Vyd. 1. Praha: Portál, 2002. 636 s. ISBN 80-7178-376-5. info
  • EYSENCK, Michael W. and Marc Peter KEANE. Cognitive psychology :a student's handbook. 4th ed. Hove: Psychology Press, 2000. viii, 631. ISBN 0-86377-551-9. info
  • SOLSO, Robert L. Cognitive psychology. 5th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1998. xx, 601 s. ISBN 0-205-27418-8. info
  • EYSENCK, Michael W. A handbook of cognitive psychology. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, 1984. ISBN 0-86377-016-9. info
  • GAVIN, Helen. The essence of cognitive psychology. 1st pub. London: Prentice-Hall Europe, 1998. xi, 215 s. ISBN 0-13-796459-5. info
  • MADSEN, K. B. Teorie motivace : (srovnávací studie moderních teorií motivace) : Theories of motivation : (a comparative study of modern theories of motivation) (Orig.). Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 1972. 381 s. info
  • MADSEN, K. B. Moderní teorie motivace : Modern theories of motivation (Orig.). Translated by Eduard Bakalář. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 1979. 468 s. : i. info
  • NAKONEČNÝ, Milan. Lidské emoce. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 2000. 335 s. ISBN 8020007636. info
  • A theory of achievement motivation. Edited by John W. Atkinson - Norman T. Feather. New York: John Willey & Sons, 1966. info
  • DWECK, Carol S. Self-theories :their role in motivation, personality, and development. Philadelphia: Psychology Press, 1999. xiii, 195. ISBN 0-86377-570-5. info
  • Allgemeine Psychologie. Bd. 2, Motivation : Motivation (Podřaz.). Edited by Hans Thomae. Göttingen: Verlag für Psychologie, 1965. info
  • KUHL, Julius. Motivation, Konflikt und Handlungskontrolle. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1983. ISBN 3-540-12423-3. info
  • Emoce. Edited by Jiří Jindřich Diamant - Milan Černý - Vladimír Študent. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1969. info
  • WEINER, Bernard. An attributional theory of motivation and emotion. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1986. xi, 304. ISBN 354096312X. info
  • Motivation and personality : handbook of thematic content analysis. Edited by Charles P. Smith. New York, NY, USA :.: Cambridge University Press, 1992. xvi, 708. ISBN 052140052X. info
  • NAKONEČNÝ, Milan. Motivace lidského chování. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 1996. 270 s. ISBN 8020005927. info
  • ŠVANCARA, Josef. Emoce, city a motivace [Švancara, 1979]. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1979. info
  • POWER, Mick and Tim DALGLEISH. Cognition and emotion : from order to disorder. Hove: Psychology Press, 1998. xii, 496. ISBN 0863777392. info
  • STRONGMAN, K. T. The psychology of emotion : theories of emotion in perspective. 4th ed. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 1996. x, 255. ISBN 0471966193. info
  • Emotions : essays on emotion theory. Edited by Stephanie H. M. van Goozen - Nanne E. Van de. Poll - Joseph A. Sergean. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, 1994. xii, 333. ISBN 0805812083. info
  • DISMAN, Miroslav. Jak se vyrábí sociologická znalost : příručka pro uživatele. 4. nezměněné vydání. Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, nakladatelství Karolinum, 2011. 372 stran. ISBN 9788024619668. info
  • KERLINGER, Fred N. Základy výzkumu chování : pedagogický a psychologický výzkum. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 1972. 705 s. info
  • Úvod do metodologie psychologického výzkumu : jak zkoumat lidskou duši. Translated by Petr Bakalář, Illustrated by Ján Ferjenčík. Vyd. 2. Praha: Portál, 2010. 255 s. ISBN 9788073678159. info
  • HENDL, Jan. Přehled statistických metod zpracování dat : analýza a metaanalýza dat. Vydání druhé, opravené. Praha: Portál, 2006. 583 stran. ISBN 8073671239. info
  • GOODWIN, C. James. Research in psychology : methods and design. 6th ed. Hoboken: Wiley & Sons, 2010. xxiii, 600. ISBN 9780470522783. info
  • SCHEIN, Edgar H. Psychologie organizace. 1. vyd. Praha: Orbis, 1969. 161 s. info
  • ŠTIKAR, Jiří, Milan RYMEŠ, Karel RIEGEL and Jiří HOSKOVEC. Psychologie ve světě práce. Vydání první. Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, nakladatelství Karolinum, 2003. 461 stran. ISBN 8024604485. info
  • Baštecká a kol. (2003): Klinická psychologie v~praxi.Portál, Praha.
  • Organizační chování :jak se každý den chovají spolupracovníci, nadřízení, podřízení, obchodní partneři či zákazníci. Edited by František Bělohlávek. 1. vyd. Olomouc: Rubico, 1996. 343 s. ISBN 80-85839-09-1. info
  • HRONÍK, František. Poznejte své zaměstnance : vše o Assessment Centre. 2. vyd. Brno: ERA, 2005. xii, 370. ISBN 8073660202. info
  • KOUBEK, Josef. Řízení lidských zdrojů :základy moderní personalistiky. 3. vyd. Praha: Management Press, 2001. 367 s. ISBN 80-7261-033-3. info
  • HRONÍK, František. Jak se nespálit při výběru zaměstnanců : podrobný průvodce výběrovým řízením. Vyd. 1. Praha: Computer Press, 1999. xxi, 311. ISBN 8072261614. info
  • ARMSTRONG, Michael. Řízení lidských zdrojů : nejnovější trendy a postupy. Translated by Josef Koubek. 10. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2007. 789 s. ISBN 9788024714073. info
  • HENDL, Jan. Přehled statistických metod : analýza a metaanalýza dat. 4., rozšířené vyd. Praha: Portál, 2012. 734 s. ISBN 9788026202004. info
  • WILLIG, Carla. Introducing qualitative research in psychology : adventures in theory and method. 2nd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2008. x, 230. ISBN 9780335221158. info
  • MIOVSKÝ, Michal. Kvalitativní přístup a metody v psychologickém výzkumu. Vyd. 1. Praha: Grada, 2006. 332 s. ISBN 9788024713625. info
  • HENDL, Jan. Úvod do kvalitativního výzkumu. Praha: Karolinum, 1999. 278 s. ISBN 8024600307. info
Teaching methods
The Master Degree State Examination (Finals) consists of subjects, which are covered during respective courses in previous study.
Examination by committee.
Assessment methods
Master’s State Examination consists of two separately graded parts: Master’s thesis defence and oral part. Student is accomplishing the oral part of Master’s state examination from the subjects:
- general subject areas of psychology (general psychology, psychology of personality and social psychology) and methodology
- psychodiagnostics
- *clinical psychology
*psychology of organization and management
*counseling psychology
(From disciplines marked by * student chooses just one.)
A part of the oral Master’s state examination is a discussion about the case study.
For passing the Master’s state examination is essential to successfully master all of its parts. Total outcome of the State examination is evaluated with one of the grades in accordance with gradind scheme set in art. 17 par. 1 of Study and examination regulations MU.
Vote of State Exam Committee.
Language of instruction
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught each semester.
Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 1998, Spring 1999, Spring 2002, Autumn 2002, Spring 2003, Autumn 2003, Spring 2004, Autumn 2004, Spring 2005, Autumn 2005, Spring 2006, Autumn 2006, Spring 2007, Autumn 2007, Spring 2008, Autumn 2008, Spring 2009, Autumn 2009, Spring 2010, Autumn 2010, Spring 2011, Autumn 2011, Spring 2012, Autumn 2012, Spring 2013, Autumn 2013, Spring 2014, Autumn 2014, Spring 2015, Autumn 2015, Spring 2016, Autumn 2016, Spring 2017, Autumn 2017, Spring 2018, Autumn 2018, Spring 2019, Autumn 2019, Autumn 2021, Spring 2022, Autumn 2022, Spring 2023.
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