ROMIIA101 Introduction to Vulgar Latin (for students of the old study plans)

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
1/1/0. 5 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught in person.
Mgr. Jana Mikulová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. Mgr. Ivo Buzek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. Mgr. Iva Svobodová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. Paolo Divizia, Dottore di Ricerca (alternate examiner)
Guaranteed by
doc. Paolo Divizia, Dottore di Ricerca
Department of Romance Languages and Literatures - Faculty of Arts
Supplier department: Department of Classical Studies - Faculty of Arts (50,00 %), Department of Romance Languages and Literatures - Faculty of Arts (50,00 %)
IJIA028 Bachelor's State Exam || FJIA028 Bachelor's Exam || SJIA032 Bachelor's Exam || POIA030 Bachelor's Exam || PO1A055 Bachelor's State Exam
Knowledge of basic grammar and lexicon of Classical Latin.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 23 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to provide insight into the development of Latin during first centuries of our era, and to point to tendencies related to the development of Romance languages. Thus, the course gives students the opportunity to observe with their own eyes unique story of the change and vitality of the language. The starting point for the observation of the development towards Romance languages is Classical Latin, the essentials of which were acquired by students in their previous studies.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students should be able to:
  • sketch development of Latin in the fields of phonetics, morphology, syntax and lexicon with emphasis on Vulgar and Late Latin;
  • show relation between selected Late Latin evolutionary tendencies and the development of the Romance languages (mainly Italian, and Spanish);
  • explain some basic principles related to the development of language and language changes.
  • Syllabus
    • Vulgar Latin:
    • Introduction.
    • Concepts of Vulgar and Late Latin and their definition.
    • Romanization and the Romance languages.
    • Changes in the vocalic and consonantic systems.
    • Nominal system: changes in declension, gradation of adjectives, changes in pronouns, origin of the article.
    • Theory of grammaticalization.
    • Verbal system: development of new forms (future, perfect), extinction of some classical forms, changes in verbal voice.
    • Syntax: accusative with infinitive, quod clauses, absolute constructions, indirect questions, word order.
    • Lexicon: semantic changes, Greek loan-words.
      recommended literature
    • HERMAN, József. Vulgar Latin. Edited by Roger Wright. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000. xiv, 130. ISBN 0271020016. info
    • OSTRÁ, Růžena. Přehled vývoje románských jazyků. D. 1, Lidová latina. Francouzština. Vyd. 1. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1980. 130 s. info
    • MIKULOVÁ, Jana. Základní kurz latiny. 2. díl. (Basic Course of Latin. Volume 2.). 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2013. 190 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-6499-7. Digitální knihovna FF MU info
    • MIKULOVÁ, Jana. Základní kurz latiny I (Basic Course of Latin I). 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2014. 402 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-7039-4. Digitální knihovna FF MU info
    • BILÍKOVÁ, Eva. Přehled latinské mluvnice : [pomůcka při výuce latiny]. Brno: MC nakladatelství, 1999. 63 s. info
    Teaching methods
    Lectures, work with selected examples taken from Late Latin texts - identification of selected language changes.
    Assessment methods
    Evaluation Written test from Classical Latin and oral examination from Vulgar Latin. In the Classical Latin test, students are required to identify, translate and form verbal and nominal forms and translate short sentences from Latin to Czech (list of required grammar is found in the study materials). Students can use vocabulary and grammar tables.
    In the oral examination, students are asked to describe basic evolutional tendencies that started in Latin and continued to the romance languages. The questions are based on topics covered in lectures or found in the publication Vulgar Latin by J. Herman. Students have some time to prepare their answers.
    Language of instruction
    Follow-Up Courses
    Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
    Study Materials
    Information on completion of the course: .
    The course is taught last offered.
    The course is taught: every week.
    The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020.
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