PHDZ2 Seminar in Theory and Methodology II

Faculty of Arts
Spring 2010
Extent and Intensity
0/0/0. 15 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
prof. PhDr. Břetislav Horyna, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Ing. Mgr. Zdeňka Jastrzembská, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. PhDr. Marek Picha, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. PhDr. Jan Zouhar, CSc.
Department of Philosophy - Faculty of Arts
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 78 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
Theoretical-methodological seminar. The goal is to introduce students of different fields to the basics of theory of science. Students will learn to work with main methodological principles that need to be taken into consideration when writing scientific (i.e. also dissertation) works. Students will learn ways of argumentation and proof, current theories of science and methodology of scientific work and acquaint themselves with various models of explanation.
  • 1. Introduction to the subject; science and scientific approach; aspects of science; science as a system of true statements (Horyna) 2. Basic terms; a priori - a posteriori, descriptive - normative, explication, etc. (Horyna) 3. How to explain a problem; explanation; description and prediction; types of explanation; models of explanation; pragmatic aspects of explanation (Jastrzembská) 4. Methodology of research: general research procedures, the role of scientific text, the role of the reader. How to shift from the theme to questions? How to shift from questions to problems? How to shift from problems to statements, from statements to reasons? (Picha) 5. Basics of argumentation: selected elements of theory of argumentation. What are the conditions of a valid argument? How to identify the structure of argument, how to find argumentative scheme? How are argumentation mistakes made and how to identify them? (Picha) 6. How to write: some specific skills related to writing a scientific text. How to create a plan of the text? What should the introduction and conclusion contain? What is the role of connectors and paragraphs? What to focus on when revising a text? How to create an abstract of a scientific text? (Picha) 7. Explanation and understanding: the role of hermeneutics in social sciences (Hroch) 8. Final test (Horyna)
  • Jadwiga Šanderová, Jak číst a psát text ve společenských vědách, Praha 2005
  • Cesty k vědě : jak správně myslet a psát / Břetislav Horyna, Josef Krob (eds).
  • PICHA, Marek. Chybějící qualia: strukturní analýza (Missing Qualia: the structural analysis). Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2005. 105 pp. Katedra filozofie FF MU, svazek 1. ISBN 80-210-3890-X. info
  • WINCH, Peter. Idea sociální vědy a její vztah k filosofii. Translated by Tomáš Suchomel. Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2004. 134 s. ISBN 8073250357. info
  • Současná filosofie sociálních věd :multikulturní přístup. Edited by Brian Fay - Jana Ogrocká. 1. vyd. Praha: Sociologické nakladatelství, 2002. 324 s. ISBN 80-86429-10-5. info
  • HORYNA, Břetislav and Pavel KOUBA. Jean Grondin, Úvod do hermeneutiky. překlad Břetislav Horyna. Praha: OIKOYMENH, 1997. 247 pp. ISBN 80-86005-43-7. info
  • Filosofie vědy. Praha: Svoboda, 1968. info
Assessment methods
lectures (mandatory); seminar (mandatory); colloquium in the form of written test (mandatory);
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: in blocks.
Note related to how often the course is taught: 3 x za semestr.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 3x2 hodiny.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020, Spring 2021, Spring 2022.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2010, recent)
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