F7050 Quantum electronics - lasers and masers

Faculty of Science
Autumn 2011 - acreditation

The information about the term Autumn 2011 - acreditation is not made public

Extent and Intensity
4/2/0. 5 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Jan Janča, DrSc. (lecturer)
prof. Mgr. Petr Vašina, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Jan Janča, DrSc.
Department of Physical Electronics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Jan Janča, DrSc.
Prerequisites
( F2070 Electricity and magnetism && F4100 Introduction to Microphysics )||( F2050 Electricity and magnetism && F4050 Introduction to Microphysics )
Atomic, nuclear and particle physics. Quantum mechanics. Theory of elmg. field.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Lecture enclosed the history and development of quantum electronics and optics. Introduction to radiospectroscopy. Spectrum of atomic hydrogen. Rabi method of magnetic moment measurements.Atoms with equivalent electrons.Theoretical fundamentals and first successfull experimental results are presented. The function of nearly all practically used lasers and masers are thorougly described. The principles of NMR medical diagostic is explained in the last lectures. Hierarchy of atomic and molecular terms. Dipole iradiation. Transition probabilities. Back-Goudsmit effect and fine structure of spectral lines. Form faktor and width of spectral lines. Quantum system as an amplifier of stimulated emission of radiation. Threshold conditions for population inversion. Quantum gain and quality of optical resonator. Einstein kinetic equation. Saturation of absoption and amplification.Three level and four level quantum systems. Lasers on solid states. Optical resonators and irradiation systems. Ruby and neodymum laser. Gaseous lasers. Laser He-Ne, argon and CO2. Dye and chemical lasers. Impulse lasers. Lasers on free electrons. Generation of giant pulses. Mode locking. Semiconductor lasers. Lasers in science and technology. Pseudovibronic spectrum of NH3 and maser on NH3. Electron and nuclear spin resonance. NMR tomography. Masers on paramagnetic materials. Fundamental non-linear effects in quantum electronics. Generation of second and third harmonics. Prametric generation of light. Multiphoton absorption.
Syllabus
  • Radiospectroscopic methods. Quantun teory of radiation. Transition probabilities. Quantum ansamble as amplifier of stimulated emission. Profile of spectral lines. Optical resonators. Saturation of amplification. Gas lasers. Lasers on solidstate materials. Lasers with modulated quality (giant pulses). Semiconductor lasers. Electron spin and nuclear paramagnetic resonance. Masers.
Literature
  • YARIV, Amnon. Quantum electronics. 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1989. xx, 676. ISBN 0471609978. info
  • SVELTO, Orazio. Principy lazerov : Principles of lasers. 2. perer. i dop. izd. Moskva: Mir, 1984. 395 s. info
  • YARIV, Amnon. Kvantovaja elektronika : Quantum electronics. Moskva: Sovetskoje radio, 1980. 487 s. info
  • SVELTO, Orazio. Fizika lazerov : Principles of lasers. Moskva: Mir, 1979. 373 s. info
  • Advances in quantum electronics. Volume I. Edited by D. W. Goodwin. London: Academic Press, 1970. xii, 274 s. info
Teaching methods
Oral lecture and theoretical exercise.
Assessment methods
Lectures and exercites. Written and oral examination.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
General note: S.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Autumn 1999, Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2000, Autumn 2001, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2018.