F3060 Oscillations, waves, optics

Faculty of Science
Autumn 2022
Extent and Intensity
4/2/0. 6 credit(s) (plus 2 credits for an exam). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught online.
prof. RNDr. Václav Holý, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Dušan Hemzal, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Václav Holý, CSc.
Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Václav Holý, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Mon 8:00–9:50 F2,02012, Fri 10:00–11:50 F2,02012
  • Timetable of Seminar Groups:
F3060/01: Mon 10:00–11:50 Fs1,01017, D. Hemzal
F3060/02: Tue 16:00–17:50 F4,03017, D. Hemzal
F1030 Mechanics && F2050 Electricity and magnetism
Knowledge of mechanics, electricity and magnetism in the range of university courses on general physics. Knowledge of mathematical analysis of functions of a single variable.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
This is the third lecture course for students of general physics and of physics teaching. Description of vibrations and waves in physical systems goes across standard division of physical disciplines and includes mechanics, electricity and magnetism and a small part of the micro-world physics. Optics is more independent discipline follow-up to general knowledge of waves.
Learning outcomes
The main outcome from the course is to provide the students in the scope of the lectured topics with the ability to
- formulate the physical background of the problems within lectured topics and to handle their mathematical description
- assemble an approximative solution of the selected problem in a way close to experimental reality
- list important applications for the topics lectured and to explain the appropriate demonstration experiments.
  • 1. Oscillations. Harmonic oscillator, damped and forced oscillations, resonance. Principle of superposition. Nonlinear oscillator. Oscillation with two and more degrees of freedom. 2. Waves. Traveling and standing waves. Harmonic wave, wave pulse. Waves in one dimension and waves in 3D space. Plane and spherical waves. Transverse and longitudinal waves. Wave equation. Superposition. Energy of mechanical waves. Doppler effect. Dispersion and nonlinearity. 3. Surface water waves. Sound waves. Physics of music. Human ear. 4. Light waves, photon. Spectrum of light. Electromagnetic theory of light. Wave equation. Propagation of light in vacuum and nonabsorbing medium. 5. Geometrical optics. Fermat principle. Imaging, Gauss approximation. Lenses, mirrors. Matrix representation. Aberration of lenses. Simple optical instruments. Human eye, color vision, optical illusions. 6. Interference light. Time and spatial coherence. Interference of monochromatic light, two sources of light (Young, Michelson, Jamin), multiple-beam interference (thin film, Fabry-Perot). Interference of monochromatic light, interference spectroscopy., Young experiment. 7. Diffraction of light. Fresnel-Kirchhoff diffraction. Fraunhofer approximation, diffraction on aperture and on grating. Fresnel approximation. 8. Photometry. 9. Reflection and refraction of light. Optical properties of medium. Microscope theory, interaction of light with medium. Lorentz and Drude model. Index of refraction and absorption. Spectroscopy. Isotropic and anisotropic medium. Polarized light. Polarized and unpolarized light, polarizers and compensators. Optical activity. Interference of polarized light. Abbe theory of imaging, optical filtration, phase contrast, principle of holography.
  • J.Peatross, M.Ware: Physics of Light and Optics http://optics.byu.edu/BYUOpticsBook.pdf
  • HECHT, Eugene. Optics. 4th ed. San Francisco: Addison Wesley, 2002. vi, 698. ISBN 0321188780. info
  • MAIN, Iain G. Kmity a vlny ve fyzice. Translated by Josef Preinhaelter. [Vyd. 1.]. Praha: Academia, 1990. 346 s. ISBN 8020002723. info
  • HALLIDAY, David, Robert RESNICK and Jearl WALKER. Fyzika (Physics). 1st ed. Brno, Praha: Vutium, Prometheus, 2001. ISBN 80-214-1868-0. info
  • FEYNMAN, Richard Phillips, Robert B. LEIGHTON and Matthew L. SANDS. Feynmanove prednášky z fyziky. 2. vyd. Bratislava: Alfa, 1985. 488 s. info
Teaching methods
The course consists of the lectures including the demonstration of important experiments (the electronic support materials are presented in IS) and the mandatory exercise (particular problems are solved according to lectured topics). The exercise contains also a credit set of problems to solve and two written tests.
Assessment methods
To be able to proceed to the exam student needs to pass both of the tests in the exercise and to deliver the solved credit problems. If agreed by the teacher, it is possible to substitute the exercise for which there is a letter of apology by a set of problems to solve. The exam is written (2 hours) and oral.
Language of instruction
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Autumn 1999, Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2000, Autumn 2001, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, spring 2012 - acreditation, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, autumn 2017, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020, autumn 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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