FAIMON, Jiří, Jindřich ŠTELCL a Daniel SAS. Anthropogenic CO2-flux into cave atmosphere and its environmental impact: A case study in the Císařská Cave (Moravian Karst, Czech Republic). Science ot the Total Environment. Elsevier, 2006, roč. 369, 1-3, s. 231-245. ISSN 0048-9697.
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Základní údaje
Originální název Anthropogenic CO2-flux into cave atmosphere and its environmental impact: A case study in the Císařská Cave (Moravian Karst, Czech Republic)
Název česky Antropogenní tok CO2 do jeskynní atmosféry a jeho environmentální dopad: příležitostná studie z Císařské jeskyně (Moravský kras, ČR)
Autoři FAIMON, Jiří (203 Česká republika, garant, domácí), Jindřich ŠTELCL (203 Česká republika, domácí) a Daniel SAS (203 Česká republika).
Vydání Science ot the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2006, 0048-9697.
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Článek v odborném periodiku
Obor Geochemie
Stát vydavatele Nizozemsko
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
Impakt faktor Impact factor: 2.359
Kód RIV RIV/00216224:14310/06:00015840
Organizační jednotka Přírodovědecká fakulta
UT WoS 000240892700022
Klíčová slova česky proudění vzduchu; oxid uhličitý; jeskynní dóm; skapová voda; modelování; radon
Klíčová slova anglicky Airflow; Carbon dioxide; Cave chamber; Dripwater; Modeling; Radon
Štítky Airflow, carbon dioxide, Cave chamber, dripwater, modeling, radon
Příznaky Mezinárodní význam, Recenzováno
Změnil Změnil: doc. Ing. Jiří Faimon, Dr., učo 1405. Změněno: 2. 2. 2012 13:44.
Anotace
The evolution of CO2 levels was studied in the ventilated and unventilated Nagel Dome chamber (the Císařská Cave) with- and without human presence. Based on a simplified dynamic model and CO2/Rn data (222Rn considered as a conservative tracer), two types of CO2-fluxes into the chamber were distinguished: (1) the natural input of (2-4)x10-6 m3 s-1, corresponding to a flux of (8.5-17)x10-10 m3 m-2 s-1 and (2) an anthropogenic input of (0.6-2.5)x10-4 m3 s-1, corresponding to an average partial flux of (4.8–7.7)x10-6 m3 s-1 person-1. The chamber ventilation rates were calculated in the range from 0.033 to 0.155 h-1. Comparison of the chamber CO2-levels with chamber dripwater chemistry indicates that the peak CO2-concentrations during stay of persons (log pCO2 -2.97, -2.89, and -2.83) do not reach the theoretical values at which dripwater carbonate species and air CO2 are at equilibrium (log pCO2(DW) -2.76 to -2.79). This means that CO2-degassing of the dripwaters will continue, increasing supersaturation with respect to calcite (dripwater saturation index defined as SI(calcite) = aCa2+ aCO3 2-/10-8.4 varied in the range from 0.76 to 0.86). The pCO2(DW) values, however, would easily be exceeded if the period of person stay in the chamber had been slightly extended (from 2.85 to 4 h under given conditions). In such case, the dripwater CO2-degassing would be inverted into CO2-dissolution and dripwater supersaturation would decrease. Achieving the threshold values at which water become aggressive to calcite (log pCO2(EK) -1.99, -2.02, and -1.84) would require extreme conditions, e.g., simultaneous presence of 100 persons in the cave chamber for 14 h. The study should contribute to a better preservation of cave environment.
Anotace česky
The evolution of CO2 levels was studied in the ventilated and unventilated Nagel Dome chamber (the Císařská Cave) with- and without human presence. Based on a simplified dynamic model and CO2/Rn data (222Rn considered as a conservative tracer), two types of CO2-fluxes into the chamber were distinguished: (1) the natural input of (2-4)x10-6 m3 s-1, corresponding to a flux of (8.5-17)x10-10 m3 m-2 s-1 and (2) an anthropogenic input of (0.6-2.5)x10-4 m3 s-1, corresponding to an average partial flux of (4.8–7.7)x10-6 m3 s-1 person-1. The chamber ventilation rates were calculated in the range from 0.033 to 0.155 h-1. Comparison of the chamber CO2-levels with chamber dripwater chemistry indicates that the peak CO2-concentrations during stay of persons (log pCO2 -2.97, -2.89, and -2.83) do not reach the theoretical values at which dripwater carbonate species and air CO2 are at equilibrium (log pCO2(DW) -2.76 to -2.79). This means that CO2-degassing of the dripwaters will continue, increasing supersaturation with respect to calcite (dripwater saturation index defined as SI(calcite) = aCa2+ aCO3 2-/10-8.4 varied in the range from 0.76 to 0.86). The pCO2(DW) values, however, would easily be exceeded if the period of person stay in the chamber had been slightly extended (from 2.85 to 4 h under given conditions). In such case, the dripwater CO2-degassing would be inverted into CO2-dissolution and dripwater supersaturation would decrease. Achieving the threshold values at which water become aggressive to calcite (log pCO2(EK) -1.99, -2.02, and -1.84) would require extreme conditions, e.g., simultaneous presence of 100 persons in the cave chamber for 14 h. The study should contribute to a better preservation of cave environment.
Návaznosti
GA205/03/1128, projekt VaVNázev: Recentní krasové procesy: destrukce speleotém
Investor: Grantová agentura ČR, Standardní projekty
MSM0021622412, záměrNázev: Interakce mezi chemickými látkami, prostředím a biologickými systémy a jejich důsledky na globální, regionální a lokální úrovni (INCHEMBIOL) (Akronym: INCHEMBIOL)
Investor: Ministerstvo školství, mládeže a tělovýchovy ČR, Výzkumné záměry
VytisknoutZobrazeno: 23. 4. 2021 20:31