VLBF011p Biophysics - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
3/0/0. 6 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught online.
doc. Mgr. Vladan Bernard, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Aleš Bourek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Lenka Forýtková, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Daniel Vlk, CSc. (lecturer)
Marta Vágnerová (assistant)
doc. RNDr. Jiřina Škorpíková, CSc. (alternate examiner)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Common level of high school knowledge in physics
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of the course students will understand and explain biophysical principles and laws; understand biophysical principles of the main devices; evaluate data obtained by the basic biophysical methods in light of a scientific, effective, safe and efficient attitude to their use; understand possible usage of the biophysical techniques and medical devices in practice; explain basic principles of the so-called physiological biophysics and (in certain extent) the theory and methods of molecular biophysics.
Learning outcomes
After finishing this course the student will: understand the most important biophysical principles and laws; evaluate the results obtained by the basic biophysical methods; understand the principles of some more complex medical diagnostic devices to use them in a way which is safe for medical staff and patients; understand the basic ideas of the physiological and molecular biophysics; understand the importance of biophysical processes for the physiology and pathological physiology; differentiate the application possibilities of biophysical methods and medical devices in practice.
  • Introduction into medical biophysics.
  • 1. Introduction. Biophysical view on structure of matter.
  • 2. Biological effects of ionising radiation.
  • 3. Thermodynamic principles and entropy.
  • 4. Thermodynamic processes in living organisms.
  • 5. Introduction into molecular biophysics I (subject of study).
  • 6. Introduction into molecular biophysics II (methods of study).
  • 7. Biophysics of biomembranes. Bioelectric phenomena.
  • 8. Biophysics of cardiovascular system.
  • 9. Biophysics of respiratory system.
  • 10. Biophysical function of sensory receptors. Biophysics of hearing.
  • 11. Biophysics of vision.
  • 12. Effects of mechanical forces and acoustic fields on the living organisms.
  • 13. Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and non-ionising radiation.
  • 14. Introduction into biocybernetics and modelling.
  • Physical principles of medical technology.
  • 1. Medicine and technology. Biosignals and their processing.
  • 2. Conventional X-ray imaging methods.
  • 3. Modern tomographic methods (CT, MRI).
  • 4. Radionuclide diagnostics.
  • 5. Methods and instruments for ionising radiation therapy.
  • 6. Measurement and registration of temperature.
  • 7. Optical laboratory instruments.
  • 8. Optical diagnostic instruments.
  • 9. Electrodiagnostic methods.
  • 10. Ultrasound imaging.
  • 11. Ultrasound Doppler and duplex methods.
  • 12. Measurement and registration of mechanical quantities.
  • 13. Methods and instruments used in physiotherapy.
  • 14. Modern physical methods in surgery. Lithotripsy.
  • 15. Artificial body organs. Nanotechnology in medicine.
    required literature
  • HRAZDIRA, Ivo and Vojtěch MORNSTEIN. Lékařská biofyzika a přístrojová technika. Dotisk 1. vyd. Brno: NEPTUN, 2004. 381 s. ISBN 8090289614. info
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
The practical exercises in Biophysics are compulsory, missing practicals have to be substituted. The exam has theoretical character but can be done only with the credits gained for practicals. The exam consists of written test consisting of 25 questions and oral part, which can be done only when the number of correctly answered questions is 14 or more. This limit is lowered to 11 in the last exam resit. The oral part consists of 2 questions as a rule. They are chosen from the list which is available in department web page. The examined student has to be able to explain the problems and characterise their possible clinical importance.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 45.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses

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Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018, autumn 2019, autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (autumn 2021, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/autumn2021/VLBF011p