VSHE0221c Histology and embryology I -practice

Faculty of Medicine
Spring 2002
Extent and Intensity
0/3/0. 5 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
prof. MUDr. RNDr. Svatopluk Čech, DrSc. (seminar tutor)
prof. MUDr. Drahomír Horký, DrSc. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Lenka Krejčířová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Irena Lauschová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Ivo Nentwich, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc. (seminar tutor)
doc. MUDr. Jitka Šťastná, CSc. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
prof. MUDr. Drahomír Horký, DrSc.
Department of Histology and Embryology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
  • 1st week: Introduction. Fundaments of the histological technique - explanation and film. Demonstration of the histological slides colored by various techniques: Hematoxylin-eosine /HE/ (hepar), Hematoxylin-eosine-saffron /HES/ (esophagus), Azan (prostate), impregnation (cerebellum).
  • 2nd week: Tissue processing for the electron microscopy - explanation and film. Cytology: Animal cells in the light microscope - demonstration by video. Ultrastructure of the cell I - the cell nucleus.
  • 3rd week: Ultrastructure of the cell II - Cell organelles (mitochondria, the Golgi apparatus, the endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, lysosomes, peroxisomes, and centriol).
  • 4th: Ultrastructure of the cell III - Cell inclusions. The arrangement of cell surfaces: apical, lateral, and basal ones. Intercellular junctions: adhering, occluding, and communicating ones. Repetition I: Histological technique and ultrastructure of the cell (a test).
  • 5th week: Blood cells: preparation of blood smears and their staining. Cytology of formed elements of blood. Differential white cell count. Evaluation of abnormities. Slides: Smear of peripheral blood stained by Pappenheim's method.
  • 6th week: Hematopoiesis: microscopic structure of the bone marrow; erythropoiesis, granulopoiesis and development of thrombocytes. Development of lymphocytes and monocytes. Slides: Smear of bone marrow stained by Pappenheim's method.
  • 7th week: General histology: Use of the light microscope, common faults in microscopy. Connective tissue proper - an overview. Slides: funiculus umbilicalis, oesophagus, posterior segment of the eye, lien, aorta.
  • 8th week: Supporting tissues: cartilage and bone. Histogenesis of the bone tissue (ossification). Slides: trachea, auricula, elastic cartilage, lamellar bone, chondrogenic ossification. Repetition II: Blood and development of blood cells, connective and supporting tissues, and early human development (a test).
  • 9th week: Epithelial tissue - epithelial membranes (covering epithelia). Slides: ren, vesica fellea, trachea, oesophagus, urether, palpebra, the skin from the finger tip.
  • 10th week: Epithelial tissue - glandular epithelium. Muscle tissue. Slides: intestinum tenue, intestinum crassum, glandula parotis, glandula submandibularis, apex linguae, cardiac muscle tissue.
  • 11th week: Nerve tissue. Slides: cortex cerebri, cerebellum, medulla spinalis, ganglion spinale, peripheral nerve, motor end plates. Repetition III: Epithelial tissue, muscle tissue and nerve tissue ( a test).
  • 12th week: Revision practical : a skill test of practical identifying of the epithelial, muscle and nerve tissues by use of the microscope and videocamera under supervision of tutors. Videorecords.
  • 13th week: Microscopic anatomy. Microscopic structure of the heart and blood vessels. Slides: artery of the muscular type with a vein, aorta, vena cava, myocardium.
  • 14th week: Microscopic structure of the lymphatic system. Slides: lymphonodus, lien (spleen), thymus of a young individual, thymus of the adult (with involution changes), palatine tonsil, lingual tonsil.
  • 15th week: Credits.
  • ČECH, Svatopluk, Drahomír HORKÝ, Irena LAUSCHOVÁ, Miroslava SEDLÁČKOVÁ and Jitka ŠŤASTNÁ. Histologická praktika a metody vyšetřování tkání a orgánů (Histological practicals and methods of investigation of tissues and organs). První. Brno: Vydavatelství MU Brno-Kraví hora, 1998. 162 pp. ISBN 80-210-1774-0. info
Assessment methods (in Czech)
Praktická výuka je povinná; pro udělení zápočtu je nutná 100% účast a průběžná příprava (2-3 opakovací bloky).
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2002, recent)
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