KR001 Greek Grammar I

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
2/4/0. 10 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Taught online.
Mgr. Jana Steklá, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Jana Steklá, Ph.D.
Department of Classical Studies - Faculty of Arts
Contact Person: Jitka Erlebachová
Supplier department: Department of Classical Studies - Faculty of Arts
Prerequisites (in Czech)
Znalost latinské lingvistické terminologie výhodou, stejně jako dobrá znalost české gramatiky.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The course provides students with the survey of normative grammar of the Attic Greek dialect of the Classical period. In the first term the students will become acquainted with the Greek alphabet and pronunciation, the grammatical system and the nominal and verbal paradigms, allowing orientation in simple, modified texts. They will also learn to use electronic resources to work with Greek texts (grammar, dictionaries, text databases, papyrological databases).
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students should be able to:
- explain grammatical rules and paradigms studied during the course;
- recognize grammatical categories of the morphological forms studied during the course;
- apply grammatical rules to translate concrete sentences and easy texts;
- translate simple sentences into Greek; analyze sentences.
  • 1. Characteristics of Ancient Greek, the alphabet.
  • 2. Phonetics and phonology (including prosody: accent, intonation), grammatical structure of the Ancient Greek.
  • 3. Declension of the o-stems, active and mediopassive present - indicative, infinitive and imperative.
  • 4. Construction of A+I; atributive and predicative position of the constituents of a sentence.
  • 5. Declension of the a-stems; adjectives of the 1st and 2nd declension; active and mediopassive imperfect; irreal conditional mood and wish clauses with verbs in the imperfective form; substantivized infinitive.
  • 6. Declension of the a-stems - masculine; deponentia; accusativus respectus.
  • 7. Mediopassive present participle; construction of the participium absolutum.
  • 8. Mediopassive imperfect; formation of adverbs; construction of N+I, participium coniunctum.
  • 9. Asigmatic aorist of verbs - active and mediopassive, indicative, imperative and infinitive; irreal conditional clauses with perfective verbs.
  • 10. Sigmatic aorist - active and mediopassive, indicative, imperative and infinitive; relative pronouns.
  • 11. Sigmatic future system of verbs of vocalic or explosive consonantal stems; final clauses with future participle.
  • 12. Personal, possessive and demonstrative pronouns; regular comparison of adjectives and adverbs; construction of A+participle.
  • 13. Declension of the consonantal explosive stems.
    required literature
  • HEILMANN, W. and K. ROESKE. Lexis. Einführung in die griechische Sprache. Frankfurt am Main, 1972. info
  • NIEDERLE, Jindřich, Václav NIEDERLE and Ladislav VARCL. Mluvnice jazyka řeckého. Ve Vyšehradu 1. vyd. Praha: Vyšehrad, 1998. 288 s. ISBN 8070212837. info
    recommended literature
  • LEPAŘ, František. Nehomérovský slovník řeckočeský. V Mladé Boleslavi: Karel Vačlena, 1892. 1181 s. info
  • LIDDELL, H. G. and R. SCOTT. A Greek-English Dictionary. Oxford, 1951. info
    not specified
  • BORNEMANN, E. and E. RISCH. Griechische Grammatik. Frankfurt, 1978. info
  • SCHWYZER, E. and A. DEBRUNNER. Griechische Grammatik. München, 1939. info
  • SMYTH, Herbert Weir. Greek Grammar. Harvard University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-674-36250-0. info
  • VLACHOS, V. P. Ta rimata omala ke anomala tis archeas ellinikis. Gutenber Athina, 1990. info
  • SCHULZ, Jaroslav Gustav. Attické tvary slovesné : podle nápisů a rukopisů (Přív.) : Řecko-český slovník ; Attické tvary slovesné : podle nápisů a rukopisů. [S.l.]: [s.n.], 1988. 135 s. info
Teaching methods
Planned learning activities and teaching methods consist of lectures, reading simple texts, homework, excercises and drills during the lessons. Students have an e-course with study materials and a sufficient number of tests to practice grammar.
Assessment methods
During the semester it is obligatory to do homework-tests in e-learning course. Credits are given at the end of the semester after the passing of the final written test which consists of translating a text from Greek to Czech, translating simple sentences from Czech to Greek, identifying and translating verb and noun forms (passing limit 70 %).
Language of instruction
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2021, recent)
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