C8780 Organic Photochemistry

Faculty of Science
Autumn 2018
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Other types of completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Petr Klán, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Petr Klán, Ph.D.
Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Supplier department: Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable
Mon 17. 9. to Fri 14. 12. Thu 9:00–10:50 A8-309
Prerequisites
( C1020 General Chemistry && C2021 Organic Chemistry I && C3022 Organic Chemistry II/1 &&( C4660 Basic Physical Chemistry || C3140 Physical Chemistry I || C3401 Physical Chemistry I )&&( C4020 Advanced Physical Chemistry || C4402 Physical Chemistry II ))|| SOUHLAS
Organic chemistry; physical organic chemistry; physical chemistry; kinetics; quantum chemistry; physics.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
After discussions on chemistry that follows the absorption of electromagnetic radiation, and learning about various photochemical applications in industry, medicine and biology as well as photochemical transformations in nature, the student will learn to understand the scientific literature in the corresponding field and interpret the results from the experimental and theoretical studies.
Learning outcomes
In the end of the course, the student will be able to understand the basics of photochemistry and photophysics.
Syllabus
  • 1. Introduction to photochemistry. History. Calibration points: energetics and dynamics. Excited states and their fates. Jablonski diagram. Photophysical and photochemical processes. Lambert-Beer law. Quantum yield. Electronic configurations. Selection rules. 2. Radiation processes. Absorption. Emission. Frack-Condon law. 3. Radiationless processes. Intersystem crossing. El-Sayed rules. Vibrational relaxation. 4. Mechanistic and experimental photochemistry. Rate constants. Quantum yields. Actinometry. Stern-Volmer analysis. State diagrams. Experimental photochemistry: light sources, photoreactors, flash photolysis. Safety. 5. Electron and energy transfer. Excimers. Exciplexes. Marcus theory. Electron transfer. Energy transfer. 6. Alkenes and alkynes. E–Z isomerization. Electrocyclic and sigmatropic photorearrangement. di-pi-Methane photorearrangement. Photoinduced nucleophile, proton, and electron addition. Photocycloaddition reaction. 7. Aromatic compounds. Photorearrangement. Phototransposition. Photocycloaddition. Photosubstitution. 8. Oxygen compounds. Photoreduction. Oxetane formation (Paternò–Büchi Reaction). Norrish type I and II reactions. Photoenolization. Addition and hydrogen/electron transfer reaction. 9. Nitrogen compounds. E–Z isomerization. Photofragmentation. Photorearrangement. Photoreduction. 10. Sulfur compounds. Hydrogen abstraction. Cycloaddition. Photofragmentation. 11. Halogen compounds. Photohalogenation. Photofragmentation. Photoreduction. Nucleophilic photosubstitution. 12. Molecular oxygen. Ground state and excited state oxygen. Photooxygenations. 13. Photosensitizers, photoinitiators and photocatalysts. Organic and transition-metal species
Literature
    required literature
  • KLÁN, Petr and Jakob WIRZ. Photochemistry of Organic Compounds: From Concepts to Practice. 1. vyd. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009. 584 pp. Postgraduate Chemistry Series. ISBN 978-1-4051-9088-6. URL info
    recommended literature
  • KLÁN, Petr. Organická fotochemie (Organic Photochemistry). 1. vydání. Brno: Vydavatelství MU, 2001. 121 pp. ISBN 80-210-2526-3. info
Teaching methods
Lectures.
Assessment methods
One written final test (50% of correct answers is needed to pass the exam).
Language of instruction
English
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Teacher's information
http://www.sci.muni.cz/photochemistry/
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2000, Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, autumn 2017, Autumn 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2018, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/autumn2018/C8780