PřF:C8780 Organic Photochemistry - Course Information
C8780 Organic PhotochemistryFaculty of Science
- Extent and Intensity
- 2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Other types of completion: k (colloquium).
- prof. RNDr. Petr Klán, Ph.D. (lecturer)
- Guaranteed by
- prof. RNDr. Petr Klán, Ph.D.
Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Supplier department: Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
- Mon 17. 9. to Fri 14. 12. Thu 9:00–10:50 A08/309
- ( C1020 General Chemistry && C2021 Organic Chemistry I && C3022 Organic Chemistry II/1 &&( C4660 Basic Physical Chemistry || C3140 Physical Chemistry I || C3401 Physical Chemistry I )&&( C4020 Advanced Physical Chemistry || C4402 Physical Chemistry II ))|| SOUHLAS
Organic chemistry; physical organic chemistry; physical chemistry; kinetics; quantum chemistry; physics.
- Course Enrolment Limitations
- The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
- fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
- Course objectives
- After discussions on chemistry that follows the absorption of electromagnetic radiation, and learning about various photochemical applications in industry, medicine and biology as well as photochemical transformations in nature, the student will learn to understand the scientific literature in the corresponding field and interpret the results from the experimental and theoretical studies.
- Learning outcomes
- In the end of the course, the student will be able to understand the basics of photochemistry and photophysics.
- 1. Introduction to photochemistry. History. Calibration points: energetics and dynamics. Excited states and their fates. Jablonski diagram. Photophysical and photochemical processes. Lambert-Beer law. Quantum yield. Electronic configurations. Selection rules. 2. Radiation processes. Absorption. Emission. Frack-Condon law. 3. Radiationless processes. Intersystem crossing. El-Sayed rules. Vibrational relaxation. 4. Mechanistic and experimental photochemistry. Rate constants. Quantum yields. Actinometry. Stern-Volmer analysis. State diagrams. Experimental photochemistry: light sources, photoreactors, flash photolysis. Safety. 5. Electron and energy transfer. Excimers. Exciplexes. Marcus theory. Electron transfer. Energy transfer. 6. Alkenes and alkynes. E–Z isomerization. Electrocyclic and sigmatropic photorearrangement. di-pi-Methane photorearrangement. Photoinduced nucleophile, proton, and electron addition. Photocycloaddition reaction. 7. Aromatic compounds. Photorearrangement. Phototransposition. Photocycloaddition. Photosubstitution. 8. Oxygen compounds. Photoreduction. Oxetane formation (Paternò–Büchi Reaction). Norrish type I and II reactions. Photoenolization. Addition and hydrogen/electron transfer reaction. 9. Nitrogen compounds. E–Z isomerization. Photofragmentation. Photorearrangement. Photoreduction. 10. Sulfur compounds. Hydrogen abstraction. Cycloaddition. Photofragmentation. 11. Halogen compounds. Photohalogenation. Photofragmentation. Photoreduction. Nucleophilic photosubstitution. 12. Molecular oxygen. Ground state and excited state oxygen. Photooxygenations. 13. Photosensitizers, photoinitiators and photocatalysts. Organic and transition-metal species
- required literature
- KLÁN, Petr and Jakob WIRZ. Photochemistry of Organic Compounds: From Concepts to Practice. 1st ed. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009. 584 pp. Postgraduate Chemistry Series. ISBN 978-1-4051-9088-6. URL info
- Teaching methods
- Assessment methods
- One written final test (50% of correct answers is needed to pass the exam).
- Language of instruction
- Follow-Up Courses
- Further Comments
- Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
- Teacher's information