F4100 Introduction to Microphysics

Faculty of Science
Spring 2006
Extent and Intensity
2/2. 4 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Other types of completion: graded credit.
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Petr Dub, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Lenka Czudková, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Michal Lenc, Ph.D.
Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Petr Dub, CSc.
Timetable
Tue 13:00–14:50 VUT-P5
  • Timetable of Seminar Groups:
F4100/01: Thu 9:00–10:50 F3,03015, L. Czudková, P. Dub
F4100/02: Thu 15:00–16:50 F3,03015, L. Czudková, P. Dub
Prerequisites (in Czech)
( F1040 Mechanics and molecular physics && F2070 Electricity and magnetism )||( F1030 Mechanics and molecular physic && F2050 Electricity and magnetism )
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Atomic structure of matter, relation of observations in real and reciprocal space, particle character of light (photons), particle and wave character of electrons and particles (atoms, molecules, ), fundamentals of quantum mechanics, atoms and their spectra, electronic structure of many atom systems, molecules and solids, fundamentals of nuclear physics
Syllabus
  • 1. Macro- and micro- (concepts of structure of matter and their development; macroscopic and microscopic theories and their verification; objects of macroworld - particles and waves). 2. Quantum properties of electromagnetic radiation (historical development of views on nature of light; blackbody radiation, the quantum hypothesis; photoelectric emission, Compton effect; photons). 3. Atomic structure (historical development of views on the atom; the discovery of radioactivity; the discovery of the electron; early models of the atom; scattering experiments, the discovery of the atomic nucleus). 4. The old quantum theory (the planetary model of the atom, the problem of its stability; the Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom, the Bohr-Sommerfeld's model of the atom; optical and X-ray atomic spectra; spectral analysis; interaction of radiation with periodic structures; physical, technological and medical applications). 5. The wave-particle dualism and its physical interpretation (the de Broglie's hypothesis and its experimental verification; Young's double slit experiment with classical particles, waves and microobjects). 6. Fundamentals of wave /quantum/ mechanics (the wave function; the superposition principle and its physical meaning; wave packet; Heisenberg's uncertainty principle for position and momentum; measurement in microworld; the relation of classical and quantum mechanics). 8. Fundamentals of nuclear and particle physics (nuclear properties; nuclear reactions; nuclear models; nuclear fission and fusion; particle interactions; families of particles; conservation laws; the standard model of microworld; fundamental experimental methods in nuclear and particle physics).
Literature
  • Halliday, David - Resnick, Robert - Walker, Jearl. Fyzika, část 5 - Moderní fyzika. Brno, Praha: Vutium, Prometheus, dotisk, 2006.
  • BEISER, Arthur. Úvod do moderní fyziky [Beiser, 1978] : Perspectives of modern physics (Orig.). Translated by Josef Čada. 2. vyd. Praha: Academia, 1978. 628 s. info
  • Úlehla, Ivan - Suk, Michal - Trka, Zbyšek. Atomy, jádra, ástice. Praha: Academia, 1990.
Assessment methods (in Czech)
Výuka: klasická přednáška, klasické cvičení Zkouška: písemná a ústní. Písemná část obsahuje příklady podobné těm, které byly zadávány na písemkách ve cvičeních. V ústní části student odpovídá na dvě otázky ze zveřejněného seznamu 77 otázek.
Language of instruction
Czech
Follow-Up Courses
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught once in two years.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
Teacher's information
http://physics.fme.vutbr.cz/ufi.php?Action=0&Id=56
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2006, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/spring2006/F4100