PřF:F4100 Introduction to Microphysics - Course Information
F4100 Introduction to MicrophysicsFaculty of Science
- Extent and Intensity
- 2/2. 4 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
- prof. Mgr. Vít Kudrle, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Jaroslav Hnilica, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
doc. Mgr. Pavel Souček, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
- Guaranteed by
- prof. RNDr. Jana Musilová, CSc.
Department of Physical Electronics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. Mgr. Vít Kudrle, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Physical Electronics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
- Mon 18. 2. to Fri 17. 5. Mon 13:00–14:50 F1,01014
- Timetable of Seminar Groups:
F4100/02: Mon 18. 2. to Fri 17. 5. Thu 14:00–15:50 F3,03015, P. Souček
- Prerequisites (in Czech)
- (( F1030 Mechanics || F1040 Mechanics and molecular physic )&&( F2050 Electricity and magnetism || F2070 Electricity and magnetism )) && (! F4050 Introduction to Microphysics )
- Course Enrolment Limitations
- The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
- fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
- Physics (programme PřF, B-FY)
- Course objectives
- The course is concerned with atomic structure of matter, relation of observations in real and reciprocal space, particle character of light (photons), particle and wave character of electrons and particles (atoms, molecules, etc.), fundamentals of quantum mechanics, atoms and their spectra, electronic structure of many atom systems – molecules and solids, fundamentals of nuclear physics.
- Learning outcomes
- The course objective is to provide students with basic ideas of modern physics in order to be capable of understanding microscopical nature of matter and principles, which the advanced materials technologies and modern experimental methods are based on. The course also forms the necessary prerequisite for studying quantum mechanics.
- 1. Atomic structure of matter Evolution of the atomic theory. Indirect evidence from chemistry and crystallography. Direct evidence: diffraction and microscopic methods: XRD, LEED, STM/AFM. Observation of atoms, molecules, surfaces and volume of matter. 2. Photons and matter waves The photon - the quantum of light (photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, the double-slit experiment with photons). Electrons and matter waves (the double-slit experiment with electrons). Diffraction of 3. Fundamentals of quantum mechanics The wave function and Schroedinger equation, probability density. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Barrier tunnelling. One-dimensional electron traps – quantisation. Quantum jumps – absorption and emission of photon. Two- and three dimensional electron traps. 4. Atom Nuclear atom, atomic spectra. One-electron approximation. Three pillars of electronic structure: quantization of energy and angular momentum, spin and Pauli principle. Atoms in magnetic field (Zeeman effect and Stern-Gerlach experiment). Walk through the periodic system and its interpretation. Atomic spectroscopy (the absorption and emission spectroscopy as a fingerprinting). Photoelectron spectroscopy. Lasers. Magnetic properties of atoms. 5. Molecules and solids Main types of the chemical bonds (ionic, covalent, metallic, van der Waals). The structure of small molecules and their spectra. The structure of solids. The electronic bandstructure of solids – metal and insulator. Semiconductors. Conductivity of metals and semiconductors. 6. Fundamentals of nuclear and particle physics Proton and neutron. Nuclear properties. Nuclear binding energies. Radioactive decay. Nuclear reactions; nuclear models; nuclear fission and fusion. … and particles, particles, particles.
- Halliday, David - Resnick, Robert - Walker, Jearl. Fyzika (anglický originál Fundamentals of Physics), část 5 - Moderní fyzika. Brno, Praha: Vutium, Prometheus, 2000, dotisk, 2006.
- BEISER, Arthur. Úvod do moderní fyziky [Beiser, 1978] : Perspectives of modern physics (Orig.). Translated by Josef Čada. 2. vyd. Praha: Academia, 1978. 628 s. info
- Úlehla, Ivan - Suk, Michal - Trka, Zbyšek. Atomy, jádra, ástice. Praha: Academia, 1990.
- Teaching methods
- Lecture with a seminar.
- Assessment methods
- Attendance at seminars is required and recorded by the tutor. Missed seminars have to be compensated. The exam is combined (written and oral).
- Language of instruction
- Follow-Up Courses
- Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
- Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
- Listed among pre-requisites of other courses