F4100 Introduction to Microphysics

Faculty of Science
Spring 2020
Extent and Intensity
2/2/0. 4 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. Mgr. Vít Kudrle, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Jaroslav Hnilica, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
prof. Mgr. Vít Kudrle, Ph.D.
Department of Physical Electronics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. Mgr. Vít Kudrle, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Physical Electronics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable of Seminar Groups
F4100/01: No timetable has been entered into IS. J. Hnilica
F4100/02: No timetable has been entered into IS. J. Hnilica
Prerequisites (in Czech)
(( F1030 Mechanics || F1040 Mechanics and molecular physic )&&( F2050 Electricity and magnetism || F2070 Electricity and magnetism )) && (! F4050 Introduction to Microphysics )
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The course is concerned with atomic structure of matter, relation of observations in real and reciprocal space, particle character of light (photons), particle and wave character of electrons and particles (atoms, molecules, etc.), fundamentals of quantum mechanics, atoms and their spectra, electronic structure of many atom systems – molecules and solids, fundamentals of nuclear physics.
Learning outcomes
The course objective is to provide students with basic ideas of modern physics in order to be capable of understanding microscopical nature of matter and principles, which the advanced materials technologies and modern experimental methods are based on. The course also forms the necessary prerequisite for studying quantum mechanics.
Syllabus
  • 1. Atomic structure of matter Evolution of the atomic theory. Indirect evidence from chemistry and crystallography. Direct evidence: diffraction and microscopic methods: XRD, LEED, STM/AFM. Observation of atoms, molecules, surfaces and volume of matter. 2. Photons and matter waves The photon - the quantum of light (photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, the double-slit experiment with photons). Electrons and matter waves (the double-slit experiment with electrons). Diffraction of 3. Fundamentals of quantum mechanics The wave function and Schroedinger equation, probability density. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Barrier tunnelling. One-dimensional electron traps – quantisation. Quantum jumps – absorption and emission of photon. Two- and three dimensional electron traps. 4. Atom Nuclear atom, atomic spectra. One-electron approximation. Three pillars of electronic structure: quantization of energy and angular momentum, spin and Pauli principle. Atoms in magnetic field (Zeeman effect and Stern-Gerlach experiment). Walk through the periodic system and its interpretation. Atomic spectroscopy (the absorption and emission spectroscopy as a fingerprinting). Photoelectron spectroscopy. Lasers. Magnetic properties of atoms. 5. Molecules and solids Main types of the chemical bonds (ionic, covalent, metallic, van der Waals). The structure of small molecules and their spectra. The structure of solids. The electronic bandstructure of solids – metal and insulator. Semiconductors. Conductivity of metals and semiconductors. 6. Fundamentals of nuclear and particle physics Proton and neutron. Nuclear properties. Nuclear binding energies. Radioactive decay. Nuclear reactions; nuclear models; nuclear fission and fusion. … and particles, particles, particles.
Literature
  • Halliday, David - Resnick, Robert - Walker, Jearl. Fyzika (anglický originál Fundamentals of Physics), část 5 - Moderní fyzika. Brno, Praha: Vutium, Prometheus, 2000, dotisk, 2006.
  • BEISER, Arthur. Úvod do moderní fyziky [Beiser, 1978] : Perspectives of modern physics (Orig.). Translated by Josef Čada. 2. vyd. Praha: Academia, 1978. 628 s. info
  • Úlehla, Ivan - Suk, Michal - Trka, Zbyšek. Atomy, jádra, ástice. Praha: Academia, 1990.
Teaching methods
Lecture with a seminar.
Assessment methods
Attendance at seminars is required and recorded by the tutor. Missed seminars have to be compensated. The exam is combined (written and oral).
Language of instruction
Czech
Follow-Up Courses
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/spring2020/F4100