Bi6540 Vegetation and habitats of the Czech Republic

Faculty of Science
Spring 2021
Extent and Intensity
3/0/0. 3 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
prof. RNDr. Milan Chytrý, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Milan Chytrý, Ph.D.
Department of Botany and Zoology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Milan Chytrý, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Botany and Zoology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites (in Czech)
( Bi2130 Field course of system. botany || Bi2230 Field course of botany )&&( Bi2030 High. plant phylog. & divers. )
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The course provides basic overview of main types of natural, semi-natural and anthropogenic vegetation of the Czech Republic, based on the phytosociological classification system. The students will understand species composition, habitat conditions, distribution and dynamics of particular vegetation types.
Learning outcomes
Students will be able to:
- recognize the main vegetation types and habitats of the Czech Republic (and through them also those of Central Europe);
- know their ecology and distribution;
- able to assign more common species of the Czech flora to habitats and vegetation types;
- master the use of phytosociological nomenclature;
  • 1. Introduction: the terms vegetation, plant community, stand, habitat; the history of phytosociological classification and habitat mapping in the Czech Republic; national classification systems of vegetation and habitats; Red List of Habitats of the Czech Republic; phytosociological units and nomenclature.
  • 2. Topography, geology and climate of the Czech Republic and their effects on vegetation, biogeographical influences, development of Czech vegetation since the Last Glacial.
  • 3. Broad-leaved deciduous forests: main forest trees, their habitat requirements and competitive relationships, dynamics of natural forests, historical and current forest management, modification of site conditions by tree layer.
  • 4. Types of broad-leaved deciduous forests: beech, oak-hornbeam, ravine, floodplain, acidophilous oak, thermophilous oak forests and alder carrs.
  • 5. Coniferous forests: spruce, boreo-continental and peri-Alpidic pine forests, krummholz.
  • 6. Alpine habitats: alpine timberline, vegetation complex of glacial cirques, alpine grasslands, tall-forb vegetation.
  • 7. Habitats and vegetation of cliffs, screes, primitive soils and caves.
  • 8. Aquatic and wetland habitats: marshes, tall-sedge beds and ephemeral wetland vegetation.
  • 9. Inland saline habitats: plant adaptations to saline soils, main types of saline vegetation.
  • 10. Springs and mires: springs, fens, transitional mires, bogs, bog pine forests, subalpine mires, fen meadows.
  • 11. Meadows, pastures and heathlands: history of grassland and heathland vegetation, its dynamics and management, main types of meadows, pastures and heathlands.
  • 12. Dry grasslands: their relationships to steppe vegetation, main types of dry grasslands.
  • 13. Anthropogenic habitats and their vegetation: the origin of synanthropic flora, ecology of arable weeds, main types of weed and ruderal vegetation.
  • 14. Red List of habitats of the Czech Republic, criteria of the conservation assessment of habitats, main threatening factors, habitats of the European Habitats Directive in the Czech Republic, habitats in nature conservation applications.
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
Written exam with 20 open questions: required is knowledge of dominant species, ecology, distribution and dynamics of vegetation types and habitats of the Czech Republic. Bachelor students of Ecological and Evolutionary Biology, specialization Botany, and Master students of Botany or Nature Conservation, specialization Botany are also expected to know species composition of particular vegetation types and habitat affinities of important species of the Czech flora.
Language of instruction
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020.
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