aZLBI0121c Biologie I - cvičení

Lékařská fakulta
podzim 2016
0/2. 3 kr. Ukončení: z.
prof. Ing. Petr Dvořák, CSc. (přednášející)
Ivana Aćimović, M.Sc., Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Lukáš Bálek, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Michaela Bosáková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Kateřina Cetkovská, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Petr Fojtík, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Iva Gudernová (cvičící)
Mgr. Eva Hrubá, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Hana Hříbková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Šárka Jelínková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Lucie Jonátová (cvičící)
Mgr. Aneta Kohutová, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Gabriela Páchniková (cvičící)
Mgr. Veronika Palušová, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Lenka Paštěková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Martin Pešl, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Vladimír Rotrekl, Ph.D. (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Iva Slaninová, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Kateřina Straková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Barbora Valčíková (cvičící)
Mgr. Tereza Váňová, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Kateřina Vopěnková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. et Mgr. Michaela Vyhňáková (cvičící)
Jana Růžičková (pomocník)
Mgr. Martina Vráblíková (pomocník)
prof. Ing. Petr Dvořák, CSc.
Biologický ústav - Teoretická pracoviště - Lékařská fakulta
Kontaktní osoba: Mgr. Kateřina Vopěnková, Ph.D.
Dodavatelské pracoviště: Biologický ústav - Teoretická pracoviště - Lékařská fakulta
Rozvrh seminárních/paralelních skupin
aZLBI0121c/40: Po 8:00–9:40 B07/214
Omezení zápisu do předmětu
Předmět je určen pouze studentům mateřských oborů.
Mateřské obory/plány
Cíle předmětu
After completion of the course student: operates light microscope; understands the basics of electron microscopy, genetic toxicology, gene engineering or the methods of karyotyping; is able to evaluate the risk of hereditary diseases in a patient on the basis of assigned family anamnesis of this disease; is able to propose and interpret elementary molecular screening methods for some hereditary, neoplastic or microbial diseases. Student is also able to apply this knowledge and skills in other subject, especially histology, pathology and human genetics.
  • Week 1: Instructions. Non-cellular organisms and infectious agents
  • Week 2: Prokaryotic cells and their medical significance
  • Week 3: Microscopic observation of eukaryotic cells
  • Week 4: In vitro culture of human cells - significance for medical research
  • Week 5: Plasma membrane - osmosis, cell fusion
  • Week 6: Principles of electron microscopy, cellular ultrastructure
  • Week 7: DNA structure and replication. Control test 1 (knowledge of the weeks 1 to 6 - lectures, practices)
  • Week 8: Transcription and translation
  • Week 9: Methods of cell cycle studying
  • Week 10: substitution practices
  • Week 11: Mitosis observation under light microscope
  • Week 12: Biological significance of meiosis - gametogenesis
  • Week 13: Human karyotype and chromosomal abnormalities
  • Week 14: Genetic disorders - autosomal inheritance Control test 2 (knowledge of the weeks 7 to 13 - lectures, practices)
  • Week 15: credit awarding
    povinná literatura
  • Protocols for practices are provided in electronic form in the Information System of the Masaryk University (IS): Study Materials of the course aZLBI0121c
Výukové metody
laboratory practice, class discussion
Metody hodnocení
Practical classes are mandatory.
Requirements for course completion: full attendance in the practices (1 absence, excused or unexcused, is allowed); all protocols completed (also for missed lessons) and checked and signed by appropriate teachers; successfully passed 2 written control tests during the semester (20 questions each, 4 possibilities, 1 answer correct, student need to reach at least 14 points out of 20 in each test). In case you do not pass one of the control tests and its re-sit, you have to pass the final test (so-called Credit test) based on knowledge of the entire semester lectures and practices. The test comprises of 20 questions: 10 test questions (multiple answers can be correct, negative marking is obtained for incorrect answers) + 10 given terms for written explanation. At least 14 points out of 20 are needed to pass.
In case of student’s late arrival to the practice or poor activity at the practice, student is required to write an essay in the length of 2 pages on a given topic. Same for the case of 2nd and any additional absence in practices (excused or unexcused). Find the instructions for essay writing in the Course-related instructions in the IS, bring the essay printed to the teacher who specified the topic and be ready to answer the teacher's questions regarding the topic.
In case of 3 absences, (or more than 3 absences all excused by the Office for Studies within 5 days from the beginning of the absence and introduced to the Information System), it is addressed individually and course-unit credit is awarded only after the proof of the student's knowledge of the entire semester topics (Credit test, see above).
In case of 4 or more unexcused absences, course-unit credit is not awarded.
Vyučovací jazyk
Navazující předměty
Informace učitele
What to bring to each practice: printed protocol for the respective practice, your own writing materials. Download the protocol for each practice from the Study materials in the IS, and study it in advance. Lab shoes, lab coats and disposable gloves are not required, but for the tasks with staning lab coats are recommended.
Substitution of practices: In exceptional cases (illness, appointment at the doctor’s or foreign policy, 1 or 2 times per semester as maximum) student can arrange a substitution with another group. To arrange a substitution, write an e-mail to the contact person of the course at least 24 hours before your planned substitution and specify the group (date and time) you would like to attend instead. Substitution is only possible on the same teaching week. When the capacity of th group you intended to substitute with is fully used, the substitution does not need to be aproved. Repeated substitution with other groups is not allowed.
Complete Biology instructions to be found at the following link:
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Studijní materiály
Předmět je vyučován každoročně.
Nachází se v prerekvizitách jiných předmětů
Předmět je zařazen také v obdobích podzim 2015, podzim 2017, podzim 2018, podzim 2019, podzim 2020, podzim 2021, podzim 2022, podzim 2023.