Pavel Dufek

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Here is a selection of my recent publications. For the full chronological list please follow THIS or THIS link

Journal Articles

In English

Peaceful Use of Lasers in Space: Context-Based Legitimacy
in Global Governance of Large Technical Systems

Alternatives: Global, Local, Political 2021, 46(3):  63–85

With Petr Boháček and Nikola Schmidt, as second author

The paper explores the issue of global governance of large technical systems (LTSs), specifically a high-power laser system, and offers a context-based conceptual framework for assessing its legitimacy.


Equal respect, liberty, and civic friendship: Why liberal public justification needs a dual understanding of reciprocity
Czech Journal of Political Science 2021, 28(1): 3–19
DOI: 10.5817/PC2021-1-3
as second author; first author Sylvie Bláhová

The Twin Challenges to Separation of Powers in Central Europe: Technocratic Governance and Populism
European Constitutional Law Review 2019, 15(3): 427–461
DOI: 10.1017/S1574019619000336
With David Kosař and Jiří Baroš, as third author

A Case for Global Democracy? Arms Exports and Conflicting Goals in Democracy Promotion
Journal of International Relations and Development 2019, 22(3): 610–639
DOI: 10.1057/s41268-017-0114-0
With Michal Mochťak
Icon (Post-print / Accepted manuscript)

Democracy as Intellectual Taste? Pluralism in Democratic Theory
Critical Review 2018, 30(3–4): 219–255
DOI / LINK: 10.1080/08913811.2018.1560669

Why Strong Moral Cosmopolitanism Requires a World State
International Theory, 2013, Vol. 5, No. 2, 177–212
DOI: 10.1017/S1752971913000171

Democratisation of Democracy? On the Discontinuity Between Empirical and Normative Theories of Democracy
Representation, 2013, Vol. 49, No 2, 117–134
DOI: 10.1080/00344893.2013.816189
With Jan Holzer

Reading, implementing and theorising global justice: on some recent work in the political philosophy of cosmopolitanism
Cosmopolis: A Review of Cosmopolitics, 2013, Vol. 4, No. 4, 84–98

In Czech

Ospravedlnění, nebo ontologie? Aneb proč je filosofování o pojmu lidských práv užitečné
(Justification or Ontology? On why Approaching the Concept of Human Rights Philosophically is still Useful)
 Časopis pro právní vědu a praxi Vol. 29, No. 4 (2021), 813–823

Na cestě k ideálu: sociální spravedlnost, normativní diverzita a modelování v politické filosofii
(Approaching the Ideal: Social Justice, Normative Diversity, and Modelling in Political Philosophy)
 Acta Politologica Vol. 13, No. 3 (2021), 99–119
with  Matouš Mencl

Ideální konsenzus, reálná diverzita a výzva veřejného ospravedlnění: k limitům idealizace v liberální politické teorii
(Ideal Consensus, Real Diversity, and the Challenge of Public Justification: On the Limits of Idealisation in Liberal Political Theory)
 Acta Politologica Vol. 13, No. 2 (2021), 49–70
as second author, first author Matouš Mencl

Identita v liberální politické teorii a dilema kosmopolitismu
(Identity in Liberal Political Theory and the Cosmopolitan Dilemma)
Filosofický časopis / The Philosophical Journal, Vol. 66 (2018), No. 3, 383–399, and No. 4, 505–517 (2-part article)
as second author; first author Sylvie Bláhová
Icon (Part 1)
Icon (Part 2)

Lidská práva, ideologie a veřejné ospravedlnění: Co obnáší brát pluralismus vážně
(Human Rights, Ideology, and Public Justifiation: What It Takes to Take Pluralism Seriously)
Právník / The Lawyer Vol. 157 (2018), No. 1, 50–70

Teze o přelití v participativní demokracii: Empirická relevance a normativní udržitelnost
(The Spillover Thesis in Participatory Democratic Theory: Empirical Relevance and Normative Defensibility).
Politologická revue / Czech Political Science Review, 2016, vol. 22, No 2, 75–102.
as second author; first author Jan Čambora

Náboženské racionale v liberální demokracii: Vyloučení, zahrnutí a hledání třetích cest
(The Religious Rationale in Liberal Democracy: Exclusion, Inclusion and the Search for Third Ways).
Sociální studia / Social Studies, 2013, Vol. 10, No. 3, 61–83.
as second author; first author Vojtěch Malý

Politická reprezentace individuální a kolektivní: K otázce teoretických základů demokracie na transnacionální úrovni
(Political Representation: Individual and Collective. On the theoretical foundations of democracy on the transnational level).
Politologický časopis / Czech Journal of Political Science 2012, Vol. 19, No. 2, 128–154.
as second author; first author Luboš Brim


Single authored

Úrovně spravedlnosti: Liberalismus, kosmopolitismus a lidská práva
(Levels of Justice: Liberalism, Cosmopolitanism and Human Rights).
Brno: Mezinárodní politologický ústav MU, 2010. 300 pages
LINK (University bookshop)

Co-Authored / Edited

Liberální demokracie v době krize. Perspektiva politické filosofie
(Liberal Democracy in Times of Crisis: The Perspective of Political Philosophy)
Sociologické nakladatelství (SLON) – Masaryk University, 2019. 308 pages.
Co-edited with Jiří Baroš.

Collective book project which wraps up our Czech Science Foundation research grant of the same title. My chapters deal with the following topics: Pluralism in Democratic Theory; Separation of Powers, Technocracy, and Populism; Political Representation; Majority Principle in Democracy; and Disagreement and Public Justification

Lidská práva v mezinárodní politice
(Human Rights in International Politics).
Praha: Wolters Kluwer, 2014. 450 pages
Co-edited with Hubert Smekal
LINK (Publisher's site)

Book Chapters

Reconciling cosmopolitan theory and policy practice? Responsible states as a transitional category
Forthcoming in Nikola Schmidt (ed.), Governance of Emerging Space Challenges: The Benefits of a Responsible Cosmopolitan State Policy, Springer 2022

The idea of a cosmopolitan responsible state (CRS) represents a recent attempt to reconcile the utopianism of cosmopolitan political theory and the practical constraints arising from the current realities of politics among territorial and largely self-interested states. I show in the chapter that the neorealist and/or geopolitical challenge rests on a misconception about what cosmopolitanism is meant to provide, because immediate practical advice is only a part of what normative political theory may bring to the table. Besides the notion of self-interest which can be interpreted in different ways, it is mainly the action-modifying role of norms (especially international/supranational law) which may gradually change the game. Since the sustenance of state capacities is often preconditioned by events which take place beyond state borders, shared rules of conduct allow for more effective coordination in cases where collective action is required. Although the idea of a CRS primarily targets foreign policy priorities of smaller/weaker states (not-great-powers), it may turn out that collective action problems arising from empirical realities of the 21st century increasingly put great powers under pressure to accept such self-imposed constraints and comply with them. In the final part of the paper, however, I explain why this ‘cosmopolitan optimism’ needs to be aware of its own limitations, singling out the problems of internal motivation of actors in world politics and the deeper meaning of sovereignty which precludes an easy switch to the language of dispersed, pooled, or relational sovereignty. I conclude by arguing that if we are to take cosmopolitan ideals seriously, the CRS most likely represents a transitional stage on the route towards a centralised global political authority.


Veřejný rozum a právo
(Public Reason and Law)
In: Tomáš Sobek, Martin Hapla a kol., Filosofie práva (Philosophy of Law). Nugis Finem, 2020, 227–254

Unpacking the Separation of Powers
In: Antonia Baraggia, Cristina Fasone, Luca Pietro Vanoni (eds.), New Challenges to the Separation of Powers. Edward Elgar, 2020, 123–142
As second author, with Jiří Baroš and David Kosař

Why a World State is Unavoidable in Planetary Defense: On Loopholes in the Vision of a Cosmopolitan Governance.

In: Nikola Schmidt (ed.), Planetary Defense: Global Collaboration for Defending Earth from Asteroids and Comets. Space and Society series, Springer, 2019, 375–399
DOI / LINK to the chapter and book at publisher's website:
(the chapter in pdf)

Normativita, fakticita a liberální projekt lidských práv: K možnostem morálního universalismu
(Normativity, Facticity, and the Liberal Project of Human Rights: On the Possibility of Moral Universalism)
In: Petr Agha (ed.), Lidská práva v mezikulturních perspektivách / Human Rights in Intercultural Perspectives. Praha: Academia, 2018, 57–75

Debating democracy in East Central Europe: the issues and their origins
In: Jan Holzer, Miroslav Mareš et al., Challenges To Democracies in East Central Europe. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 15–35. Routledge Advances in European Politics vol. 127.
With Jan Holzer
LINK (Publisher's site)

Challenges to democracy in East Central European Politics: introductory remarks
In: Jan Holzer, Miroslav Mareš et al., Challenges To Democracies in East Central Europe. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 1–14,  Routledge Advances in European Politics vol. 127
With Jan Holzer and Miroslav Mareš
LINK (Publisher's site)

Islám a liberální demokracie: k podmínkám možnosti vzájemného soužití
(Islam and Liberal Democracy: towards the conditions of mutual coexistence)
In: Miroslav Mareš et al., Ne islámu: Protiislámská politika v České republice. Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2015, 19–51
With Jiří Baroš and Oskar Varga

Filosofické prameny lidských práv
(Philosophical Origins of Human Rights)
In: Pavel Dufek, Hubert Smekal (eds.) Lidská práva v mezinárodní politice. Praha: Wolters Kluwer, 2014, 27–56.
With Jiří Baroš

Lidská práva: základní pojmosloví
(Human Rights: Fundamental Issues)
In: Pavel Dufek, Hubert Smekal (eds.) Lidská práva v mezinárodní politice. Praha: Wolters Kluwer, 2014, 57–86.
With Jiří Baroš

Teorie demokracie a politická filozofie: Úskalí demokratizace demokracií
(Theories of Democracy and Political Philosophy: Pitfalls of Democratization of Democracies).
In: Demokratizace a lidská práva: Středoevropské pohledy. 1. vyd. Brno - Praha: MUNI Press - SLON, 2013, 50–74

Teorie lidských práv
(Theory of Human Rights)
In: Demokratizace a lidská práva. Středoevropské pohledy. Brno - Praha: MUNI Press - SLON, 2013, 75–103
With Jiří Baroš



Whose Fundamental Rights? Why COVID-19 tests the foundations of constitutional democracies
Human Rights Preparedness Forum, Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021, here

Under the state of emergency, governments have curtailed numerous fundamental rights. Since epistemic uncertainty makes it difficult to determine whether this is constitutionally warranted, we are witnessing a dispute over the nature and future of constitutional democracy. I discuss why one of the core lessons of the Covid-19 pandemic is that rather that asking who is the best expert on any given problem, we need to figure out how to manage normative diversity.


 Global Democracy, World State, or Business as Usual? On the Challenge of Arms Trade to Democracy Promotion
World Orders Forum, World Government Research Network, 2021, here, also direct pdf download:

An essay on conflicting goals in democracy promotion, especially with respect to the many dilemmas arms trade/arms exports entail. I show why and how the idea of global democracy can be invoked as a potential solution, and discuss both its strong points and drawbacks. One recurring issue is the unavoidability and/or desirability of world government, or even a world state, as the political expression of such ideas.


K nespojitosti normativních a empirických teorií demokracie
In: Demokracie jako hodnota a problém II. Liberec: Technická univerzita v Liberci, 2014. p. 84–94
(a precursor to the 2013 article in Representation)

Brát pluralismus vážně. K debatě o právu, politice, spravedlnosti a Evropské unii
(Taking Pluralism Seriously. On the Debate on law, politics, justice and the European Union).
Kontexty, Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2012, IV., č. 5, s. 67–74
Icon (Post-print)

Jack Crittenden: Wide As the World. Cosmopolitan Identity, Integral Politics, and Democratic Dialogue (book review)
Perspectives on Politics, Cambridge University Press, 2012, roč. 10, č. 4, s. 1052–1053


Jak (ne)dělat politickou vědu: Případ Tocqueville
(How [Not] to Do Political Science: The Case of Tocqueville).
Kontexty, Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2011, III, č. 4, s. 49–51


Happy reading!