VSHE0322p Histology and Embryology II - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
Autumn 2016
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 5 credit(s). Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Other types of completion: RZk (examination).
prof. MUDr. RNDr. Svatopluk Čech, DrSc. (lecturer)
doc. MVDr. Aleš Hampl, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Irena Lauschová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc. (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Petr Vaňhara, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Ivana Baltasová (assistant)
MUDr. Jana Dumková, Ph.D. (assistant)
RNDr. Martin Komenda, Ph.D. (assistant)
Mgr. Hana Kotasová, Ph.D. (assistant)
MUDr. Eva Mecová (assistant)
MUDr. Veronika Sedláková, Ph.D. (assistant)
Guaranteed by
doc. MVDr. Aleš Hampl, CSc.
Department of Histology and Embryology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Histology and Embryology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Prerequisites (in Czech)
VSHE0221c Histology and Embryology I -p && VSBI0222c Biology II-pract. && VSLT0221s Bas. Med. Terminol. II -s
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Course objectives.
At the end of the course students should be able to:
1. Understand and explain the structure of a cell, basic structural principles and function of connective tissues, features of epithelial tissue, structure of different types of muscle tissue, structure and function of nervous tissue.
2. Identify tissue types in histologic slides.
3. Characterize microscopic structure of individual organs of human body and explain correlations of tissues within organs.
4. Describe gamete development, explain principle of meiosis and regulation of gametogenesis.
5. Define the early embryonic development as well as development of fetal membranes, placenta and umbilical cord.
6. Characterize stages of embryonic development, describe the development of individual organ systems of human body.
7. Explain the mechanism of the origin of some developmental anomalies.
  • 1. Microscopic structure of the oesophagus, stomach, and small and large intestine. Histophysiology of the intestine and blood circulation.
  • 2. Microscopic structure of the liver, gallbladder, gall ducts, and pancreas. Overview of development of the gut.
  • 3. Microscopic structure and development of the urinary system: Nephron - its structure, histotopography, and function. Blood circulation of kidneys. Urinary passages. Stages in development of kidneys (pro-, meso-, and metanephros).
  • 4. Microscopic structure of the male reproductive system: Testis, excretory genital ducts, accessory genital glands, and penis. Spermato- and spermiogenesis. Composition of the sperm (ejaculate).
  • 5. Microscopic structure of the female reproductive system: Ovary, oviduct, uterus, vagina, and external genitalia. Ovarian cycle, ovulation, and atresia. Oogenesis. Menstrual cycle. Relations between the menstrual and ovarian cycle.
  • 6. Development of internal and external sexual organs. General characteristics of the indifferent stage.
  • 7. Microscopic structure, histophysiology and development of endocrine glands: Hypophysis, epiphysis, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal gland, islets of Langerhans. Principles of humoral regulation.
  • 8. Microscopic structure and development of the central and peripheral nervous system. Structure of gray matter in the CNS: Iso- and allocortex, cerebellar cortex, spinal cord. Meninges. Ganglia and peripheral nerves. Overview of development of the brain and spinal cord including histogenesis of the neural tube.
  • 9. Microscopic structure of the organ of vision: The eye and its refractive (dioptric) media. Accessory structures of the eye. Microscopic structure of the ear (vestibulocochlear organ). Major structural differences between the statokinetic and acoustic compartments. Overview of development of the eye and vestibulocochlear organ.
  • 10. Microscopic structure and development of the skin and skin derivatives. Mammary gland.
  • 11. Development of body cavities and mesenteries. Development of the diaphragm. Development of the spleen.
  • 12. Development of the skull and vertebrate column. Congenital malformations of genital organs. Congenital malformations of the CNS.
  • Consultations.
    recommended literature
  • ČECH, Svatopluk and Drahomír HORKÝ. Přehled obecné histologie. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2005. 140 s. ISBN 8021038543. info
  • HORKÝ, Drahomír and Svatopluk ČECH. Mikroskopická anatomie. 2. nezm. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2005. 353 s. ISBN 802103775X. info
  • ČECH, Svatopluk, Drahomír HORKÝ and Miroslava SEDLÁČKOVÁ. Přehled embryologie člověka. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2011. 187 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-5414-1. info
  • MESCHER, Anthony L. Junqueira's basic histology : text and atlas. 13th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2013. xi, 544. ISBN 9781259072321. info
  • MOORE, Keith L., T. V. N. PERSAUD and Mark G. TORCHIA. The developing human : clinically oriented embryology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier, 2013. xix, 540. ISBN 9781437720020. info
    not specified
  • VACEK, Zdeněk. Embryologie : učebnice pro studenty lékařství a oborů všeobecná sestra a porodní asistentka. 1. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2006. 255 s. ISBN 9788024712673. info
  • SADLER, T. W. Langmanova lékařská embryologie. 1. české vyd. Praha: Grada, 2011. xviii, 414. ISBN 9788024726403. info
  • KAPELLER, Karol and Viera POSPÍŠILOVÁ. Embryológia človeka: učebnica pre lekárske fakulty. Martin: Osveta, 2001. 370 pp. ISBN 80-8063-072-0. info
  • LÜLLMANN-RAUCH, Renate. Histologie. Translated by Radomír Čihák. 1. české vyd. Praha: Grada, 2012. xx, 556. ISBN 9788024737294. info
  • OVALLE, William K., Patrick C. NAHIRNEY and Frank H. NETTER. Netter's essential histology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders, 2013. xv, 517. ISBN 9781455706310. info
  • YOUNG, Barbara. Wheater's functional histology : a text and colour atlas. 5th ed. [Oxford]: Churchill Livingstone, 2006. x, 437. ISBN 044306850X. info
  • SADLER, T. W. and Jan LANGMAN. Langman's medical embryology. Illustrated by Jill Leland. 11th ed. Baltimore, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010. ix, 385. ISBN 9781605476568. info
  • LOWE, James S. and Peter G. ANDERSON. Stevens and Lowe´s Human Histology. 4th. Elsevier, 2015. ISBN 978-0-7234-3502-0. info
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
Final examination is composed of the practical part (slide test) and the theoretical part that includes written test and oral exam. In practical part, student should identify minimally 7 out of 10 slides. Oral exam includes 2 questions (1 histology, 1 embryology). Rules and conditions applicable for practical training and for examining in Histology and Embryology can be found on the website of Department of Histology and Embryology (http://www.med.muni.cz/histology/education).
A necessary condition for admission to exam is to obtain credit from the Histology and Embryology II-practice.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2000, Autumn 2001, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015.
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