ZLNV041p Neurosciences - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
spring 2020
Extent and Intensity
1.5/0/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
prof. PharmDr. Petr Babula, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Markéta Bébarová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Petr Dubový, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Kamil Ďuriš, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Jaromír Gumulec, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Ivana Hradilová Svíženská, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. Ing. Oľga Križanová, DrSc. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Marie Nováková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Zuzana Nováková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Anna Rábová (seminar tutor)
doc. Ing. Michal Pásek, Ph.D. (assistant)
Dana Procházková (assistant)
Ing. Gabriela Řezníčková (assistant)
Mgr. Jana Svačinová, Ph.D. (assistant)
MUDr. Vojtěch Svízela (assistant)
MUDr. Ivan Szadvári, Ph.D. (assistant)
Šárka Šmardová (assistant)
Lumír Trenčanský (assistant)
Guaranteed by
MUDr. Marek Joukal, Ph.D.
Department of Anatomy - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: Dana Procházková
Supplier department: Department of Anatomy - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine (50,00 %), Department of Physiology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine (50,00 %)
Timetable
Fri 9:00–10:20 B11/234, except Fri 3. 4., except Fri 24. 4., except Fri 15. 5., except Fri 22. 5.
Prerequisites
ZLAN0333s Anatomy III - seminar && ZLAN0333c Anatomy III-dissect. && ZLFY0321c Physiology I - pract. && ZLFY0321s Physiology I - sem.
ZLAN0333s && ZLAN0333c && ZLFY0321c && ZLFY0321s
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Neurosciences course is based on the integration of morphology and function. At the end of the course, students will recall sufficient theoretical knowledge for function central and periphery nervous system.
Learning outcomes
After finishing this subject, the student will be able;
to explain basic principles of human central and peripheral nervous systems - neuronal communication, perception, movement, learning and memory, motivational systems and emotions;
to analysed how to stress influenced to patophysiology of disseases;
to aply knowledge obtained in this course to understand pathophysiology mechanisms and clinical consequences of impairments of the nervous system.
Syllabus
  • Brain and behavior, environment of the neuron. Structural arrangement of the nervous system. Blood-brain barrier, nervous tissue. Neurons as the signaling units of NS. Chemical synapses. Information processing in the NS. Principals of sensation and perception. Visual pathways. Physiological optics, information processing in the retina. Perception of motion, depth, form and color. Pathways of auditory, vestibular, olfactory, and gustatory systems. Auditory and vestibular systems, chemical senses. Somatosensory and viscerosensory pathways. Central representation of the touch. Pain and stress analgesia. Somatomotor pathways. Pathways of the cerebellum and the basal ganglia. Spinal motor reflexes. Eye movements. Posture, locomotion and grasping movements. Motor control in man (clinical findings). Modulatory systems of the brain. Autonomic nervous system. Limbic forebrain and motivation. Emotions. Structure of the cerebral cortex. Arousal mechanisms, sleep. EEG. Learning and memory. Language, functional asymmetry of the hemispheres. Consciousness and attention. Prefrontal cortex. Ontogenic development of the brain, critical periods. Neuronal plasticity and regeneration.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • HALL, John E. and Arthur C. GUYTON. Guyton and Hall textbook of medical physiology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders/Elsevier, 2011. xix, 1091. ISBN 9781416045748. info
  • KRÁLÍČEK, Petr. Úvod do speciální neurofyziologie. 3., přeprac. a rozš. vyd. Praha: Galén, 2011. x, 235. ISBN 9788072626182. info
  • JANČÁLEK, Radim and Petr DUBOVÝ. Základy neurověd v zubním lékařství (Basis of Neuroscience for Stomatology). 2nd. Brno: Portál Lékařské fakulty Masarykovy univerzity, 2011. 117 pp. Multimediální podpora výuky klinických a zdravotni. ISSN 1801-6103. info
  • BARRETT, Kim E. Ganong's review of medical physiology. 23rd ed. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill, 2010. ix, 714. ISBN 9780071270663. info
  • GANONG, William F. Přehled lékařské fyziologie. 20. vyd. Praha: Galén, 2005. xx, 890. ISBN 8072623117. info
  • DUBOVÝ, Petr. Struktura a dráhy nervové soustavy člověka (Structure and Pathways of the Human Nervous System). Brno: Vydavatelství MU Brno, 1998. 176 pp. ISBN 80-210-1927-1. info
Teaching methods
Lectures.
Assessment methods
Neuroscience course is terminated by a written test: the students write answers to 3 questions within a two hours. In the 1st question the emphasis is on neuroanatomical knowledge and in the 2nd question on neurophysiological knowledge. The 3rd question is integrative and tests the student`s ability to describe the topic from the point of view of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology together. Each question is graded P (passed) or N (no-passed). In the 3rd question, neuroanatomy and neurophysiology sections are graded separately. To pass the test, student must obtain grade P in each evaluated part of the test.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught last offered.
General note: Výuka probíhá naposledy na jaře 2020. Na jaře 2021 bude vypsán pouze pro studenty, kteří nebudou mít splněnou zkoušku z jara 2020.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 22.5.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
Teacher's information
http://www.med.muni.cz/fyziol
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Spring 2018, spring 2019.
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