VLBF011c Biophysics - practice

Faculty of Medicine
Autumn 2017
Extent and Intensity
0/4/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Teacher(s)
doc. Mgr. Vladan Bernard, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Aleš Bourek, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Ing. Marek Dostál, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Lenka Forýtková, CSc. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Tomáš Jůza (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Věra Maryšková (seminar tutor)
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Erik Staffa, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
doc. RNDr. Jiřina Škorpíková, CSc. (seminar tutor)
Ing. Jiřina Valkovičová (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Daniel Vlk, CSc. (seminar tutor)
Marta Vágnerová (assistant)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Timetable of Seminar Groups
VLBF011c/01: Tue 7:30–10:50 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/02: Tue 7:30–10:50 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/03: Thu 13:50–17:10 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/04: Thu 13:50–17:10 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/05: Tue 11:00–14:20 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/06: Tue 11:00–14:20 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/07: Fri 11:00–14:20 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/08: Fri 11:00–14:20 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/09: Thu 10:20–13:40 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/10: Thu 10:20–13:40 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/11: Thu 17:10–20:30 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/12: Thu 17:10–20:30 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/13: Fri 7:30–10:50 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/14: Fri 7:30–10:50 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/15: Mon 14:30–17:50 F01B1/409
VLBF011c/16: Mon 14:30–17:50 F01B1/409
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of high school physics
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of the course students should be able: understand and explain biophysical principles and laws; operate basic biophysical devices; evaluate obtained data by the basic biophysical methods in light of a scientific, effective, safe and efficient attitude to their use; understand principles of the more complex therapeutical and diagnostical medical devices; discriminate possible usage of the biopfysical techniques and medical devices in practice.
At the end of this course the student will also have to demonstrate basic skills and habbits in data handling and processing of health related data, information and concepts, and the ability of making reasoned decisions as defined in the following paragraphs: 1. Searching, retrieval, storage, use of data, information and knowledge in medical decision making in diagnostics, treatment. 2. Improvement of skills in critical thinking especially in the area of Evidence Based Medicine. 3. Understanding the logics of the health and health care environment, communication with professionals and lay community. 4. Gaining initial insight in the core areas of health care informatics competences (possibilities, limitations and risks) in use of information and communication technologies in a medical environment. This is not a course in computer literacy (working with software programs).
Learning outcomes
After finishing this course the student will: understand the most important biophysical principles and laws; master the measurement by means of the basic biophysical instruments as well as the statical evaluation of this measurement; evaluate the results obtained by the basic biophysical methods; understand the principles of some more complex medical diagnostic devices to use them in a way which is safe for medical staff and patients; differentiate the application possibilities of biophysical methods and medical devices in practice.
The student will be able to independently and actively seek and use tools, procedures and processes facilitating the correct use of information society environment for more effective study of medicine and more efficient provision of medical services in individual medical specialties; The student will understand the possibilities and risks of digitization and use of digital information and communication tools in the process of providing medical services; The student will get a general overview of the benefits of the information society in the medical domain and will acquire basic behavioral habits in this field.
Syllabus
  • Practical exercises on biophysics
  • 1. Introduction, regulations of practical exercises, laboratory safety rules, etc. An introduction to the theory of measurement.
  • 2. Information (overview and evolution). Medical informatics (definitions, the subject). Information technologies (hardware, software, OS, LAN, WAN).
  • 3. Information resources (data mining - data warehousing). Information systems (HIS, expert systems, AI, CME).
  • 4. Measurement of liquid viscosity. Measurement of surface tension of liquids
  • 5. Eosin absorption curve. Spectrophotometrical determination of concentration of eosin. Refractometric determination of NaCl concentration. Polarimetry.
  • 6. Audiometry. Measurement of the blood presure. Ergometry.
  • 7. Temperature measurement with a thermocouple. Measuring surface skin temperature with a thermistor. Measuring enviromental parameters (noise).
  • 8. Haemolysis of erythrocyte suspension by therapeutic ultrasound. Measuring ionising radiation absorption.
  • 9. Measuring the voltage and frequency of electric signals by the oscilloscope. Measuring skin resistance. Measuring tissue model impedance. Analysis of acoustic elements of human voice.
  • 10. Electromagnetic radiation. Measuring the cooling effect of the environment. Catathermometry. Measuring the illuminance, Luxmeter.
  • 11. Contact and contactless thermography. Thermocamera and thermovision. Physiotherapy.
  • 12. Electrodiagnostic, electrotherapeutic methods. Individual measuring of the ECG. Electrical excitability. Effect of the direct and alternating currents.
  • 13. Advanced imaging methods. Ultasound – diagnostic and therapeutic usage. Doppler measuring of the velocity of the blood flow. X-rays and Tomography. NMR.
  • 14. Knowledge test.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • HRAZDIRA, Ivo, Aleš BOUREK and Jiřina ŠKORPÍKOVÁ. Fundamentals of biophysics and medical technology. Edited by Vojtěch Mornstein. 1. vydání. Brno: Masaryk University, 2007. viii, 317. ISBN 9788021042285. info
  • MORNSTEIN, Vojtěch, Ivo HRAZDIRA and Aleš BOUREK. Lékařská fyzika a informatika : (se zaměřením na zubní lékařství). [1. vydání]. Brno: Neptun, 2007. 352 stran. ISBN 9788086850023. info
    not specified
  • HRAZDIRA, Ivo and Vojtěch MORNSTEIN. Lékařská biofyzika a přístrojová technika. Dotisk 1. vyd. Brno: NEPTUN, 2004. 381 s. ISBN 8090289614. info
Teaching methods
Practical exercises
Assessment methods
Basic requirement is the full atendance in the lessons. Theoretical knowledges of the principles used methods are continuously controled by oral examination, in case of fundamental ignorance, student can be excluded from a lesson. For all tasks students must elaborate comprehensive and unique report, these are graded. If are two or more reports graded as "unsuccessful", student cannot write a closing test. Course is finished by the multiple choice test consisting usually 20 questions, evaluated by 20 points. For successfully mastered test student need at least 10 points.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
Information on completion of the course: Ukončeno závěrečným testem
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
Teacher's information
http://www.med.muni.cz/biofyz/vlzl.htm
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, autumn 2018, autumn 2019, autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2017, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/autumn2017/VLBF011c