aZLGE061p Genetics in Dentistry - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
spring 2021
Extent and Intensity
0.5/0/0. 1 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Taught online.
prof. MUDr. Anna Vašků, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Monika Pávková Goldbergová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Věra Ježková (assistant)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Monika Pávková Goldbergová, Ph.D.
Department of Pathophysiology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: prof. MUDr. Anna Vašků, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Pathophysiology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Wed 26. 5. 8:00–12:10 A18/205, Wed 9. 6. 8:00–12:10 A18/205
Prerequisites (in Czech)
aZLLM0522p Medical Microbiology II-lect. && aZLIM051p Immunology in Dent. - lecture && ( aZLBC041p Biochemistry II lec. || aZLBC0422p Biochemistry II -lec. ) && aZLPF0521c Pathophysiol. I - practice
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Genome structure and its reactions to environmental effects. Mutations in exons, intrones and promoters. Monogenic and multigenic diseases. Relations of multigenic diseases and environment. Molecular biology methods – PCR, RFLP, sequencing. Functional genomics, proteomics. Gene therapy and pharmacogenetics. Genetics of developmental defects of enamel and dentine. Genetics of craniofacial malformations. Genetic analysis of oral pathogens. Genetics of periodontal diseases and tooth caries. Genes involved in the pathogenesis of diseases manifested in oral cavity.
Learning outcomes
The student will be able to:
- summarize the basic methods used in molecular biology and genetics
- acquire the basics of work in the molecular-biological laboratory
- identify the monogenic and multigenic basis of defects from the point of view of the dentist
- describe the influence of genetics on the development of oral cavity disease
- evaluate the effect of epigenetic factors
  • Structure of genome and its interaction with environmental factors. Epigenetics. Exon, intron and promoter mutations. Monogenic and polygenic diseases. Functional genomics. Gene therapy and pharmacogenetics. Molecular-biological methods (PCR, RFLP, sequencing). The relation between polygenic diseases and the environment. The role of genes in the pathogenesis of disease manifestations in the oral cavity. Effect of tissue development on abnormalities of the oral cavity. Genetics of dentin and enamel anomalies. Genetics of craniofacial malformations. Molecular-genetic analysis of oral bacteria. Genetics of periodontal diseases and dental caries.
  • NUSSBAUM, Robert L., Roderick R. MCINNES, Huntington F. WILLARD, James THOMPSON and Margaret Wilson THOMPSON. Klinická genetika : Thompson & Thompson : 6. vyd. Translated by Petr Goetz. Vyd. 1. Praha: Triton, 2004. 426, lix. ISBN 8072544756. info
  • Essential genetics :a genomics perspective. Edited by Daniel L. Hartl - Elizabeth W. Jones. 3rd ed. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2002. xxv, 612 s. ISBN 0-7637-1852-1. info
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
Oral exam - colloquium. Students respond to 2 questions - one from general and second from special genetics.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 7,5.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2018, spring 2019, spring 2020.
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