ZLHE0322p Histology and Embryology II - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2020
Extent and Intensity
1/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. MUDr. RNDr. Svatopluk Čech, DrSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Jana Dumková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MVDr. Aleš Hampl, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Hana Kotasová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Irena Lauschová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MVDr. Anna Mac Gillavry Danylevska, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc. (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Petr Vaňhara, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Ivana Baltasová (assistant)
MUDr. Eva Mecová (assistant)
Guaranteed by
doc. MVDr. Aleš Hampl, CSc.
Department of Histology and Embryology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Supplier department: Department of Histology and Embryology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Prerequisites (in Czech)
ZLHE0221c Histology and Embryology I - practice && ZLBI0222c Biology II -pract. && ZLLT0222c Bas. Med. Terminology -p
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Main objective of the subject is to combine programmed teaching of histology ana embryology that occupy a key position among subjects of the theoretical study on medical faculties. At the end of the course students should be able to: - in histology a) define basic terms and categories of the subject and apply used classification system in the praxis; b) describe and explain structure and function of animal cells on submicroscopic and molecular levels; c) describe and explain structural characteristics of epithels, connective and supporting tissues (incl. their function), muscle tissue including mechanism of muscle contraction and nerve tissue; d) identify basic tissues and main organs of the human body in histological slides; e) analyze the microscopic structure of organs under normal conditions and compare it with changes evoked with pathological changes or alterations; f) understand existing close interrelations between structure and function of individual tissues and organs of the human body; - in embryology: 1) explain the development of gametes, meiosis principle and regulation processes during gametogenesis; 2) discuss main developmental processes and genetic controle of development; 3) describe early development of the human embryo incl. development of extraembryonic structures; 4) categorize phases of prenatal development and characterize key developmental stages of individual organ systems; 5) explain mechamisms of origin of frequent malformations using knowledge of course of development under physiological conditions.
Microscopic structure of organs of the orofacial system combined with their development is studied separately within the special subject Oral histology and embryology that follows after completion of histology and embryology.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students should be able to: - in histology a) define basic terms and categories of the subject and apply used classification system in the praxis; b) describe and explain structure and function of animal cells on submicroscopic and molecular levels; c) describe and explain structural characteristics of epithels, connective and supporting tissues (incl. their function), muscle tissue including mechanism of muscle contraction and nerve tissue; d) identify basic tissues and main organs of the human body in histological slides; e) analyze the microscopic structure of organs under normal conditions and compare it with changes evoked with pathological changes or alterations; f) understand existing close interrelations between structure and function of individual tissues and organs of the human body; - in embryology: 1) explain the development of gametes, meiosis principle and regulation processes during gametogenesis; 2) discuss main developmental processes and genetic controle of development; 3) describe early development of the human embryo incl. development of extraembryonic structures; 4) categorize phases of prenatal development and characterize key developmental stages of individual organ systems; 5) explain mechamisms of origin of frequent malformations using knowledge of course of development under physiological conditions.
Microscopic structure of organs of the orofacial system combined with their development is studied separately within the special subject Oral histology and embryology that follows after completion of histology and embryology.
Syllabus
  • 1. Microscopic structure of the lymphatic system. Mononuclear phagocyte system.
  • 2. Microscopic structure and development of respiratory system. Respiratory passages and lungs. Blood - air barrier.
  • 3. Microscopic structure of skin and skin derivatives. Development of the skin. Mammary gland.
  • 4. GIT II. General structure of the wall of digestive tube. Microscopic structure of the oesophagus, stomach, and intestines. Histophysiology of the intestine and blood circulation.
  • 5. GIT III. Microscopic structure of the liver, gallbladder, gall ducts, and pancreas. Overview of development of the gut.
  • 6. Microscopic structure and development of the urinary system: Nephron - its structure, histotopography, and function. Blood circulation of kidneys. Urinary passages. Stages in development of kidneys (pro-, meso-, and metanephros).
  • 7. Microscopic structure of the male reproductive system: Testis, excretory genital ducts, accessory genital glands, penis. Spermato- and spermiogenesis. Composition of the sperm (ejaculate).
  • 8. Microscopic structure of the female reproductive system: Ovary, oviduct, uterus, vagina, external genitalia. Ovarian cycle, ovulation, atresia. Oogenesis. Menstrual cycle. Relations between the menstrual and ovarian cycle.
  • 9. Development of internal and external sexual organs. General characteristics of the indifferent stage.
  • 10. Microscopic structure, histophysiology and development of endocrine glands: Hypophysis, epiphysis, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal gland, islets of Langerhans. Principles of humoral regulation.
  • 11. Microscopic structure and development of the central and peripheral nervous system. Structure of gray matter in the CNS: Iso- and allocortex, cerebellar cortex, spinal cord. Meninges. Ganglia and peripheral nerves. Overview of development of the brain and spinal cord including histogenesis of the neural tube.
  • 12. Microscopic structure of the ear (vestibulocochlear organ). Major structural differences between the statokinetic and acoustic compartments. Overview of development of the vestibulocochlear organ.
  • 13. Microscopic structure of the organ of vision: The eye and its refractive (dioptric) media. Accessory structures of the eye. Overview of development of the eye.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • ČECH, Svatopluk, Drahomír HORKÝ and Miroslava SEDLÁČKOVÁ. Přehled embryologie člověka. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2011. 187 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-5414-1. info
  • MESCHER, Anthony L. Junqueirovy základy histologie. První české vydání. Praha: Galén, 2018. xiii, 558. ISBN 9788074923241. info
    not specified
  • VACEK, Zdeněk. Embryologie : učebnice pro studenty lékařství a oborů všeobecná sestra a porodní asistentka. 1. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2006. 255 s. ISBN 9788024712673. info
  • SADLER, T. W. Langmanova lékařská embryologie. 1. české vyd. Praha: Grada, 2011. xviii, 414. ISBN 9788024726403. info
  • KAPELLER, Karol and Viera POSPÍŠILOVÁ. Embryológia človeka: učebnica pre lekárske fakulty. Martin: Osveta, 2001. 370 pp. ISBN 80-8063-072-0. info
  • MOORE, Keith L., T. V. N. PERSAUD and Mark G. TORCHIA. Before we are born : essentials of embryology and birth defects. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders, 2013. xviii, 348. ISBN 9781437720013. info
  • OVALLE, William K., Patrick C. NAHIRNEY and Frank H. NETTER. Netter's essential histology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders, 2013. xv, 517. ISBN 9781455706310. info
  • YOUNG, Barbara. Wheater's functional histology : a text and colour atlas. 5th ed. [Oxford]: Churchill Livingstone, 2006. x, 437. ISBN 044306850X. info
  • LOWE, James S. and Peter G. ANDERSON. Stevens and Lowe´s Human Histology. 4th. : Elsevier, 2015. ISBN 978-0-7234-3502-0. info
Teaching methods
lectures
Assessment methods
Final examination is composed of the practical part (slide test) and the theoretical part that includes written test and oral exam. In practical part, student should identify minimally 6 out of 8 slides. Oral exam includes 2 questions (1 histology, 1 embryology). Rules and conditions applicable for examining in Histology and Embryology can be found on the website of Department of Histology and Embryology (http://www.med.muni.cz/histology/education) as Provision of the Head of the department on the rules and conditions applicable for practical training and for examining in histology and embryology/en.
A necessary condition for admission to exam is to obtain credit from the Histology and Embryology II-practice.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 15.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses

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Teacher's information
http://www.med.muni.cz/histology/education
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018, autumn 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (autumn 2020, recent)
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