aZLBC0422s Biochemistry II seminar

Faculty of Medicine
spring 2021
Extent and Intensity
0/2/0. 1 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Taught online.
Teacher(s)
doc. RNDr. Jiří Dostál, CSc. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Jana Gregorová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Miroslava Hlaváčová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Michaela Králíková, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
RNDr. Hana Paulová, CSc. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Ondřej Peš, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Jiří Slanina, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
prof. RNDr. Eva Táborská, CSc. (seminar tutor)
doc. RNDr. Josef Tomandl, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Marie Tomandlová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Jindra Smutná, Ph.D. (assistant)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Eva Táborská, CSc.
Department of Biochemistry - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Supplier department: Department of Biochemistry - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Timetable
Thu 10:00–11:40 A16/215
Prerequisites (in Czech)
aZLLC011p Medical Chemistry,DM - lecture && aZLBF011p Med.Physics and Informat.-lect && aZLBI0222p Biology II-lect. && ( aZLBC0221s Biochemistry I - seminar || aZLBC0321s Biochemistry I - seminar )
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Seminars are complementary to the Biochemistry lecture (aZLBC041p). The knowledge of intermediary metabolism, characteristic features of metabolism of individual organs and tissues and metabolism at various conditions of the organism (well-fed state, fasting, starvation, metabolic stress, obesity, metabolic syndrome)are thoroughly practiced during Biochemistry seminars.
Learning outcomes
The student is able to:
- explain the interrelationship between the metabolism of nutrients under different states of the organism.
- describe the metabolic characteristics of major organs and tissues and major disorders, discusses their association with diseases.
- understand and discuss principles of maintaining homeostasis and acid-base balance in the organism, including modeling situations
- discuss the composition of body fluids and their disorders in connection with the principles of homeostasis.
- explain the principles of metabolism regulation at all levels.
Syllabus
  • Biochemical tests in clinical medicine and their significance. Biological material handling. Blood collection, plasma, serum. Laboratory tests in clinical biochemistry. Sources of error, assessing the significance of a test result. Enzyme assays in clinical diagnostics. Plasma lipoproteins, interconversion of lipoproteins. Cholesterol transport, balance of cholesterol intake and excretion. Blood glucose (sources, consumption, regulation). Diabetes mellitus. Catabolism of proteins and of amino acid nitrogen. Proteins in nutrition. Absorption of amino acids, utilization of amino acids in tissues, blood transport of fixed ammonia, the glutamine cycle. Nitrogenous compounds excreted into the urine. Protein intake and nitrogen balance. Integration of metabolism of nutrients: relationships among the major metabolic pathways in the fed state, postabsorptive state, and prolonged starvation. The liver functions – the role in metabolism of nutrients, hormones, and vitamins. Catabolism of haemoglobin, urobilinoids, the types of hyperbilirubinaemia. Biotransformation of xenobiotics. Neurotransmitter and hormone receptors. Water and mineral metabolism. Electrolyte composition of blood plasma, buffer bases. Respiration – transport of oxygen and CO2. The role of the kidney and the liver in acid-base balance. Blood acid-base parameters, the values indicating a particular type of disturbance. Major functions of the kidney. Glomerular filtration. Tubular resorption and secretion. Metabolism of Ca, P and F. Composition and metabolism of bones and teeth. Saliva and biochemical aspects of oral homeostasis. Plaque formation and metabolism. Influence of nutrition on oral health.
Literature
    required literature
  • Seminar texts available in IS.
Teaching methods
The course is based on a group discussion on the given topics. The outlines of the discussion are in the recommended textbook. Complementary materials are available in section Study materials.
Assessment methods
CConditions of giving the credits • Submission of all completed protocols with answers to the Homework Vaults in relevant dates. • Required attendance in seminars. • All absences must be made up according to teacher instructions. • Obtaining 52 points or more from continuous revision tests or • Obtaining 14 points from the credit test
Language of instruction
English
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 30.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses

  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/spring2021/aZLBC0422s