Bi2060 Basic microbiology

Faculty of Science
Spring 2021
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught online.
doc. Mgr. Monika Vítězová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. Mgr. Monika Vítězová, Ph.D.
Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Supplier department: Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Mon 1. 3. to Fri 14. 5. Fri 9:00–10:50 online_B6
! Bi4090 General microbiology && ! Bi5710 Microbiology && ! NOWANY ( Bi4090 General microbiology , Bi5710 Microbiology )
Examination from organic chemistry and biochemistry.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 25 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
The main aim of the course is to provide students with basic knowledge of: basic groups of microorganisms - viruses, bacteria (including cyanobacteria), Archaea, Fungi; structure and function of virion; the structure and function of prokaryotic cells; differences in cyanobacterial and archaeal cell constructions; eukaryotic microorganisms; growth and multiplication of microorganisms; nutrition of microorganisms; energy metabolism of chemothophs and chemolitothrops; phototrophic microorganisms; fundamentals of genetics and molecular biology of microorganisms; microbial communities; the importance of microorganisms in the environment; industrial use of microorganisms; the most important taxonomic groups of bacteria, archaea and fungi; microorganisms as agents of infectious diseases.
Learning outcomes
At the end this course, students should be able to: ;
- understand and explain dissimilarity between prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms ;
- comprehend relationship among microorganisms ;
- elucidate relation amongst microorganisms and environment ;
- document contribution of microorganisms to environmental changes ;
- illustrate use of microorganisms in biotechnology
  • Main groups of microorganisms - viruses, bacteria, archaea and fungi, their phylogenetic position. Prokaryotic microorganisms - bacteria and archaea, prokaryotic cell, significant taxonomic groups and their ecology. Motility and chemotaxis of bacteria. Sporulation. Eukaryotic microorganisms - fungi (molds and yeasts) - structure and function of the cell, ecology and significance. Viruses - structure and function of virus particles, life cycle, important representatives. Microbial nutrition, growth and control - life cycle of prokaryotic cell, growth curve, kinetics of bacterial growth. Influence of environmental factors on growth - temperature, pH, extreme environment, adaptation of microorganisms, antimicrobial agents, antibiotics and mechanisms of their effect, disinfection and sterilization. Metabolism of microorganisms - bacteria and archaea - nutrition and energetic metabolism, anabolism. Nitrogen fixation, methanogenesis, production of secondary metabolites. Metabolism of chemolithotrophs and photosynthetic microorganisms. Genetics and molecular biology of microorganisms - specific characteristics of prokaryotic organisms. Transfer of genetic information by prokaryotic organisms - transformation, conjugation, transduction. Plasmids. Microorganisms in biotechnology and genetic engineering. Quorum sensing. Microorganisms in the environment. Microflora of human body. Microbial diseases and their control. Factors of virulence. Important infection diseases. Microorganisms in agriculture and industry - food, chemical industry, waste management.
    required literature
  • NĚMEC, Miroslav and Dagmar MATOULKOVÁ. Základy obecné mikrobiologie (Introduction to General Microbiology). 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2015. 256 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-7923-6. info
    recommended literature
  • MADIGAN, Michael T. and John M. MARTINKO. Brock biology of microorganisms. 11th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006. xxv, 992. ISBN 0131968939. info
  • KAPRÁLEK, František. Základy bakteriologie. Praha: Karolinum, 2000. 241 s. ISBN 8071848115. info
  • Mikrobiologie :pro potravináře a biotechnology. Edited by Ludmila Šilhánková. 2. vyd. Praha: Victoria Publishing, 1995. 361 s. ISBN 80-85605-71-6. info
  • NĚMEC, Miroslav and Dana HORÁKOVÁ. Základy mikrobiologie pro učitelské studium. 2. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita v Brně, 1993. 233 s. ISBN 8021008172. info
  • JANDOVÁ, Božena and Ludmila KOTOUČKOVÁ. Praktikum z mikrobiologie. 1. vyd. Brno: Vydavatelství MU, 1996. 67 pp. ISBN 80-210-1374-5. info
Teaching methods
Lectures in a form of a Powerpoint presentation.
Assessment methods
Written examination consisting of 30 questions, each correct answer can earn 1 point, minimal number of points to pass successfully the examination is 17.
Language of instruction
Follow-Up Courses
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020.
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