PřF:C2480 Basic Organic Chem. and Bioch. - Course Information
C2480 Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry and BiochemistryFaculty of Science
- Extent and Intensity
- 2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
- doc. RNDr. Ctibor Mazal, CSc. (lecturer)
- Guaranteed by
- doc. RNDr. Ctibor Mazal, CSc.
Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Supplier department: Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
- Mon 1. 3. to Fri 14. 5. Wed 16:00–17:50 online_CH4
- Course Enrolment Limitations
- The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
- fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
- there are 13 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
- Course objectives
- Main objectives can be summarized as follows:
to get a survey of basic concepts of general chemistry including basic chemical principles, molecular structure, and chemical bond theory;
to understand fundamentals of reaction kinetics, acid-base and redox equilibria;
to point out main groups of organic compounds and understand their structures and reactivity relationship;
to explain the basic principles of biochemistry on chemistry of main groups of biologically important compounds and fundamental biochemical processes.
- Learning outcomes
- After accomplishing the course, student will:
- understand basic nomenclature of organic compounds;
- understand basic principles of general organic chemistry;
- be able to explain basic organic compounds structure-reactivity relationship.
- understand reaction of main classes of organic compounds;
- be able to work with the concept of chirality and optical activity;
- have a brief information about main classes of biochemically important compounds;
- be able to explain catabolic processes of sugars and lipids.
- 1. Fundamentals of General Chemistry. Quantitative relationships in Chemical reactions. Atomic theory and chemical bond. Reaction kinetics and chemical equilibria. Acid/base equilibria, pH, pKa and pKb. Buffers.
- 2. Saturated hydrocarbons. Nomenclature of alkanes and cycloalkanes. Structure and physical properties. Conformation. Chemical reactivity, radical substitution. Structure and stability of cycloalkanes. Geometric isomers.
- 3. Unsaturated hydrocarbons. Naming of alkenes and alkynes. Structure and chemical reactivity, electrophilic addition. Markovnikov rule and stability of carbocations. Dienes. Benzene ring and aromaticity. Chemical reactivity of aromatic compounds, SEAr.
- 4. Halogen derivatives. Naming, structure and physical properties. Chemical reactivity, nucleophilic substitution vs. elimination.
- 5. Alcohols, phenols, ethers and their sulfur containing analogues. Naming, structure, physical properties, and chemical reactivity. Oxidation. Cyclic ethers.
- 6. Aldehydes and ketones. Structure and physical properties. Naming. Chemical reactivity, oxidation, reduction, reaction with nucleophiles. Acetals. Aldol condensation.
- 7. Carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Occurrence, naming, structure and physical properties. Chemical reactivity. Acidity, esterification and hydrolysis, Claisen condensation. Organophosphate esters and anhydrides.
- 8. Nitrogen containing compounds. Nitroderivatives. Amines and amides. Structure and naming. Chemical reactivity, reduction of nitroderivatives, basicity of amines and quaternary ammonium salts.
- 9. Stereoisomers. Molecular chirality and optical activity.
- 10. Saccharides. Structure and chemical properties of saccharides. D- and L-families of carbohydrates. Fisher formulae. Cyclic forms of saccharides, epimerization. Glycoside bond, disaccharides and polysaccharides.
- 11. Lipids. Classification of lipids. Fats - properties and hydrolysis. Fatty acids and soaps. Phospholipids. Steroids. Role of lipids in formation of cell membranes.
- 12. Proteins. Aminoacids - buildings blocks of peptides. Peptide bond. Isoelectric point. Structure of proteins. Common properties of proteins. Classification and biological functions of proteins.
- 13. Enzymes, hormones, and neurotransmitters. Fundamentals of simple enzyme kinetics. Enzyme regulation. Chemical communication - an overview.
- 14. Nucleic acids. Structure of nucleic acids. DNA, RNA. Proteosynthesis. Viruses.
- 15. Biological energetic. The citric acid cycle. The respiratory chain. Metabolism of carbohydrates and fats.
- Fundamentals of general, organic, and biological chemistry. Edited by John R. Holum. 5th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994. xvii, S. 2. ISBN 0-471-57949-1. info
- POTÁČEK, Milan. Organická chemie pro biology. 1. vyd. Brno: Univerzita Jana Evangelisty Purkyně, 1988. 209 s. info
- Vodrážka, Zdeněk . Biochemie. Praha: Academia, 1996, ISBN 80-200-0600-1
- VACÍK, Jiří. Obecná chemie [Vacík, 1986]. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1986. 303 s. info
- DUCHOŇ, Jiří. Lekárska chémia a biochémia. 1988. 749 s. info
- Teaching methods
- Assessment methods
- Oral exam.
- Language of instruction
- Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
- Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
General note: nezapisují studenti dvouoborového studia biologie/chemie.
- Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
- Enrolment Statistics (recent)
- Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/spring2021/C2480