VLVL101 Internal medicine - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
spring 2024
Extent and Intensity
0/0/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught in person.
prof. MUDr. Zdeněk Adam, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Petr Brhel, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Libor Červinek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Milan Dastych (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Jiří Dolina, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Michael Doubek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Aleš Dvořák (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Lubomír Elbl, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. František Folber, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Martin Harazim, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Andrea Janíková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Milan Kozák, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Marta Krejčí, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Radek Kroupa, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Darja Krusová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Lubomír Křivan, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Andrea Křivanová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Adam Lukáč (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Hana Matějovská Kubešová, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Jozef Michalka (lecturer)
MUDr. Jan Novák, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Miroslav Novák, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Anna Panovská, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Miroslav Penka, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Yvona Pospíšilová (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Luděk Pour, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Ivan Řiháček, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Jarmila Siegelová, DrSc. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Jana Skřičková, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Miroslav Souček, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Karel Starý (lecturer)
MUDr. Jan Šlapák, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Lenka Šmardová (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Miroslav Tomíška, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Jiří Vítovec, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Jitka Vlašínová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Pavel Weber, CSc. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Barbora Weinbergerová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Vladimír Zbořil, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Karel Lábr, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Petr Lokaj, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
prof. MUDr. Michael Doubek, Ph.D. (assistant)
Zdeňka Dvořáková (assistant)
Jitka Firešová (assistant)
Sabina Haasová (assistant)
Eva Kašpárková (assistant)
Alena Stodůlková (assistant)
Hana Zemanová (assistant)
MUDr. Filip Šustr (alternate examiner)
Guaranteed by
prof. MUDr. Bohuslav Kianička, Ph.D.
Second Department of Internal Medicine – Institutions shared with St. Anne's Faculty Hospital – Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: Eva Kašpárková
Supplier department: First Department of Internal Medicine - Cardioangiology – Institutions shared with St. Anne's Faculty Hospital – Faculty of Medicine (20,00 %), Second Department of Internal Medicine – Institutions shared with St. Anne's Faculty Hospital – Faculty of Medicine (20,00 %), Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology – Joint workplaces with the University Hospital Brno - workplaces of the Bohunice and Mater. Hospital – Faculty of Medicine (20,00 %), Department of Internal Medicine, Hematology and Oncology – Joint workplaces with the University Hospital Brno - workplaces of the Bohunice and Mater. Hospital – Faculty of Medicine (20,00 %), Department of Internal Gastroenterology – Joint workplaces with the University Hospital Brno - workplaces of the Bohunice and Mater. Hospital – Faculty of Medicine (20,00 %)
VLFA08222c Pharmacology II
Completed prerequisites. Theoretical knowledge of pathological anatomy, pathological physiology, pharmacology of issues related to block no. 3. Active participation in internships and seminars and successful completion of internships confirmed by the award of credit.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Defending theoretical knowledge in the oral exam in internal medicine
Learning outcomes
Students are divided into individual clinics according to the schedule. The exam is oral, the student draws from 3 different areas, each with 1 question.
  • Examination Questions from Internal Medicine for the 5th Year I. Cardiology, Angiology, Pneumology 1. Cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation 2. Cardiogenic shock 3. Heart failure (signs and symptoms, diagnosis) 4. Heart failure (treatment) 5. Treatment of arrhythmias (pacing, ICD) 6. Bradyarrhythmias 7. Ventricular arrhythmias, sudden cardiac death 8. Supraventricular tachycardias 9. Syncope 10. Essential hypertension 11. Secondary hypertension 12. Treatment of arterial hypertension 13. Atherosclerosis and the risk factors 14. Ischemic heart disease (causes, pathophysiology, classification) 15. Chronic forms of ischemic heart disease (signs and symptomps, treatment) 16. Acute myocardial infarction and the complications 17. Treatment of acute myocardial infarction 18. Congenital heart diseases in adults 19. Mitral valve stenosis and regurgitation 20. Aortic valve stenosis and regurgitation 21. Endocarditis 22. Myocarditis 23. Pericarditis 24. Cardiomyopathies 25. Aortic disease 26. Acute coronary syndrome 27. Physical examination of the heart 28. Lung atelectasis 29. Pulmonary embolism and thrombembolic disease 30. Chronic pulmonary hypertension 31. Respiratory insufficiency and hypoventilation syndromes 32. Peripheral artery disease, critical limb ischemia and acute limb ischemia 33. Bronchiectasis (congenital and acquired) 34. Pneumonia (causes, classification, treatment) 35. Lung abscess (diagnosis and treatment) 36. Asthma bronchiale 37. Pneumonitis (noninfectious pneumonia) 38. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 39. Pneumothorax 40. Pleural effusion (signs and symptoms, differential diagnosis, treatment) 41. Respiratory symptoms in internal diseases 42. Benign lung and bronchial tumors 43. Lung tuberculosis 44. Sarcoidosis 45. Airways inflammation (laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, bronchiolitis) 46. Sleap apnea syndrome 47. Interstitial lung disease (classification, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment) 48. Lung cancer (signs and symptoms, diagnosis) 49. Diagnostic tests in pneumology 50. Community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pnemonia (causes, classification, treatment) 51. Noninvasive diagnostic tests in cardiology 52. Middle lobe syndrome 53. Invasive diagnostic tests in cardiology 54. Deep vein thrombosis and superficial thrombophlebitis 55. Atrial fibrillation 56. Antithrombotic therapy (antiagregation, anticoagulation, thrombolysis) II. Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Metabolism, Endocrinology, Diabetology 1. Malnutrition, vitamin and trace element deficiency and health disorders 2. Porphyria 3. Cholecystolithiasis, cholecystitis, postcholecytectomy syndrome 4. Endoscopy diagnostic tests in gastroenterology 5. Esophageal motility disorders, divericula, hiatal hernia, esophagitis 6. Indigestion (dyspepsia), acute and chronic gastritis and gastropathy 7. Acid-base disorders, treatment 8. Water and sodium imbalance, dehydration and hyperhydration, treatment 9. Peptic ulcer – gastric and duodenal 10. Idiopathic proctocolitis (ulcerative colitis), Crohn´s disease and other types of colitis 11. Liver failure (hepatic encephalopathy and hepatorenal syndrome) 12. Portal hypertension and ascites 13. Autoimmune liver diseases (autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis) 14. Electrolyte imbalance (potassium, calcium, magnesium), treatment 15. Tumors of the stomach, large intestine and rectum (signs and symptoms, diagnosis, screening tests) 16. Malabsorption syndrome and celiac disease 17. Irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulosis of the large intestine, constipation 18. Acute pancreatitis 19. Tumors of the liver, gallbladder, bile duct and pancreas (signs and symptoms, diagnosis) 20. Acute and chronic viral hepatitis (type A, B, C, D, E and other viral infections of the liver) 21. Jaundice – pathophysiology and types 22. Chronic pancreatitis 23. Cirrhosis (causes, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment principles) 24. Alcoholic liver disease (steatosis, hepatitis and cirrhosis), non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) 25. Hyperlipoproteinemia and dyslipoproteinemia (classification, diagnosis, treatment) 26. Metabolic syndrome 27. Imaging and functional tests in gastroenterology 28. Liver disease caused by toxins, drug ingestion, hemochromatosis, Wilson´s disease, porphyria and pregnancy (encounting HELLP syndrome) 29. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and esophageal tumors 30. Choledocholithiasis, cholangitis, biliary stricture and biliary dyskinesia 31. Thyrotoxicosis 32. Diabetes insipidus 33. Parathyroid disease 34. Diagnostic tests in endocrinology 35. Goiter and thyroiditis 36. Diabetes mellitus treatment 37. Diabetes mellitus (pathophysiology, classification and diagnosis) 38. Hypopituitarism 39. Acute complitactions of diabetes mellitus (diagnosis and treatment) 40. Chronic complications of diabetes mellitus 41. Gastrointestinal tract tumors with endocrine activity 42. Pituitary adenomas with hormonal activity 43. Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma 44. Addison´s disease 45. Adrenocortical hyperfunction syndromes 46. Hypothyreosis 47. Gastrointestinal bleeding 48. Intoxication by addictive substances 49. General approach to intoxicated patient (treatment) III. Nephrology, Rheumatology, Hematology 1. Inherited kidney disease (polycystic kidney disease – autosomal dominant type, type IV collagen disorders, renal tubular acidosis) 2. Diagnostic tests in nefrology 3. Acute glomerulonephritis and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis 4. Kidneys and hypertension, renovascular disease 5. Urinary tract infection and acute interstitial nephritis (acute pyelonephritis) 6. Nephrotic syndrome 7. Chronic glomerulonephritis 8. Secondary glomerulopathies (diabetic nephropathy, kidney amyloidosis, kidney disorders in systemic connective tissue diseases) 9. Blood purification techniques (extracorporeal hemodialysis, peritoneal hemodialysis, continual techniques, hemoperfusion and plasmapheresis) 10. Acute kidney failure 11. Chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis and tubular diseases 12. Chronic kidney disease and uremic syndrome 13. Kidney transplant 14. Urolithiasis 15. Renal tumors and other urinary tract tumors (signs and symptoms, diagnosis) 16. Diagnostic tests in rheumatology 17. Osteoarthrosis (osteoarthritis) 18. Rheumatoid arthritis 19. Ankylosing spondylitis 20. Reactive arthritis and rheumatic fever 21. Connective tissue disease – systemic lupus erythematosus 22. Connective tissue disease – scleroderma, polymyositis and dermatomyositis 23. Vasculitis and polymyalgia rheumatica 24. Gout (acute and chronic) 25. Osteoporosis and osteomalacia 28. Spondyloarthritis in general, psoriatic arthritis, enteropathic arthritis/spondilitis 29. Secondary thrombocytopenia, immune thrombocytopenia (idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura - ITP), heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) 30. Thrombotic microangiopathy – thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) 31. Bleeding disorders due to abnormal or low amounts of clotting factors – hemophilia, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), hyperfibrinolysis 32. Thrombophilia (inherited and acquired) 33. Anticoagulation therapy – indications and principles of anticoagulation therapy, anticoagulant overdose 34. Anemia of chronic diseases and hemolytic anemia 35. Iron deficiency anemia and acute posthemorrhagic anemia 36. Vitamin deficiency anemia (vitamin B-12 and folate) 37. Monoclonal gammopathy (MGUS, multiple myeloma, amyloidosis) 38. Acute situations in hematology (febrile neutropenia, sepsis, tumor lysis syndrome, superior vena cava syndrome, hyperviscosity syndrome) 39. Immunocompromised patient (definition, diagnosis, treatment principles, diagnosis and therapeutic approach to infectious complications) 40. Transfusion – blood products (blood components and plasma derivatives), hemotherapy principles, therapeutic apheresis 41. Transfusion reactions, diagnosis and treatment
  • Davidson s Principles and Practise of Medicine. 20th Edition. N.A. Boon, N.R.Colledge, B.R.Walker
  • Klener P. et all. Vnitřní lékařství Druhé doplněné vydání. Praha. Galén . 2006,
  • Souček,M. - edit. et all. Vnitřní Lékařství 1. a 2. díl, Praha, Grada ,2011, 1577s.
  • 3. Češka R. a kol. Interna Praha, Triton 2015, p. 870, ISBN 978-80-7387-423-0
Teaching methods
Oral exam
Assessment methods
Oral exam. The student always pulls 1 question from 3 different professional areas.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Information on completion of the course: Zkoušku možno absolvovat až po výuce všech bloků vnitřního lékařství a zkoušce z Farmakologie.
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 0.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses

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Teacher's information
The exam takes place according to the schedule of study groups at individual internal clinics of the MU Faculty of Medicine. Division of study groups for the exam in Internal Medicine, 5th year of VL, from the academic year 2019/2020 and according to the new division of groups. Division to the departments: Study group IKK FN Brno - Bohunice 4 + 5 IGEK FN Brno - Bohunice 2 + 3 IHOK FN Brno - Bohunice 6 + 8 KIGOPL FN Brno - Bohunice 7+12 I. IKAK FNUSA - Pekařská 10 + 11 II. IK FN USA - 1+13
The course is also listed under the following terms spring 2020, spring 2021, spring 2022, spring 2023.
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