VLKB091 Clinical Biochemistry

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2020
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Taught online.
Teacher(s)
MUDr. Zdeňka Čermáková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Lenka Gescheidtová (lecturer)
MUDr. Miroslava Hlaváčová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Michaela Králíková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Ondřej Kyselák (lecturer)
MUDr. Jan Novák, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Jaroslav Pechan (lecturer)
MUDr. RNDr. Michal Řiháček (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Vladimír Soška, CSc. (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Josef Tomandl, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Ondřej Wiewiorka (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Jiří Dostál, CSc. (assistant)
Monika Šudáková (assistant)
Guaranteed by
doc. RNDr. Josef Tomandl, Ph.D.
Department of Biochemistry - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: Monika Šudáková
Supplier department: Department of Biochemistry - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Timetable
Mon 19. 10. 15:00–17:50 B11/334, Mon 26. 10. 15:00–17:50 B11/334, Mon 2. 11. 15:00–17:50 B11/334, Mon 9. 11. 15:00–17:50 B11/334, Mon 16. 11. 15:00–17:50 B11/334, Mon 23. 11. 15:00–17:50 B11/334, Mon 30. 11. 15:00–17:50 B11/334, Mon 7. 12. 15:00–17:50 B11/334, Mon 14. 12. 15:00–17:50 B11/334, Mon 4. 1. 15:00–17:50 B11/334
Prerequisites
VLPF0622p Pathophysiol. II - lect.
Completion of subjects VLFA0822p || VLFA0722p
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
After this course the participant should be able to: - choose biochemical tests suitable for diagnostics of diseases - know the basic problems of common biochemical diagnostic tests - know how to collect biological material and how to treat it to prevent false results - to assess reliability of laboratory results.
Learning outcomes
Student will be able to:
purposefully indicate laboratory biochemical tests
correctly interpret laboratory results
evaluate laboratory tests with regard to their sensitivity and specificity
use knowledge of the uncertainty of the evaluated parameter
to focus on possible pre-analytical influences and interferences
Syllabus
  • Analytical sources of variation, accuracy and precision. Diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and efficiency of diagnostic tests. Reference ranges, decision values. Collection and processing of specimens, special requirements, general safety rules.
  • Assessment and monitoring of nutritional status. Blood plasma proteins. Acute-phase reactants. Principles of nutritional support, enteral and parenteral nutrition. Dietary constituents providing a sufficient energy intake.
  • Energy output, nitrogen balance. Indications for nutritional support. Oxygen, transport and metabolism, tissue hypoxia.
  • Disorders of lipid and lipoprotein metabolism.
  • Ischemic heart disease, congestive cardiac failure. Potassium and magnesium homeostasis.
  • Iron and essential microelements metabolism.
  • Disturbances of water and sodium balance. Plasma and urine osmolality. Plasma electrolytes in acid-base disorders.
  • Assessment of acid-base balance. Investigating an acid-base status, indications for blood acid-base and oxygen measurements, interpretation of results.
  • Laboratory evaluation of kidney function. Biochemical monitoring of acute and chronic renal failure, and of patients receiving haemodialysis. Urine sediment.
  • Investigation of liver and biliary tract diseases. Signs of the liver injury, differentiating of hyperbilirubinaemias, syndrome of biliary obstruction.
  • Clinical biochemistry of the GIT. Gastric acid secretion, maldigestion and malabsorption, assessment of pancreatic function.
  • Disorders of saccharide metabolism, diabetes mellitus.
  • Calcium and phosphate metabolism. Biochemical markers of bone metabolism (in the assessment of osteoporosis).
  • Uric acid, hyperuricaemia. Renal tract stones.
  • Laboratory assessment of thyroid and adrenal functions.
  • Tumour markers. Biological causes of variation of test results, effects of drugs on chemical tests.
Literature
    required literature
  • Klinická biochemie (interaktivní osnova v isu, 41 kapitol, ozvučené prezentace, odpovědníky).
  • RACEK, Jaroslav. Klinická biochemie. 2., přeprac. vyd. Praha: Galén, 2006. 329 s. ISBN 8072623249. info
    recommended literature
  • SCHNEIDERKA, Petr. Kapitoly z klinické biochemie. 2., dopl. a přeprac. vyd. Praha: Karolinum, 2004. 365 s. ISBN 802460678X. info
  • KAZDA, Antonín. Kritické stavy : metabolická a laboratorní problematika. První vydání. Praha: Galén, 2012. 346 stran. ISBN 9788072627639. info
  • JABOR, A. Vnitřní prostředí. 1st ed. Praha: Grada Publishing,a.s., 2008, 2009. 560 pp. ISBN 978-80-247-1221-5. info
  • Rajdl. D. a kol. Clinical biochemistry (e-book, formats: .pdf, .epub, .mobi) 1st ed. Prague, Karolinum Press, 2016, 426 s. ISBN: 978-80-246-3497-5. Download: https://karolinum.cz/en/books/rajdl-clinical-biochemistry-17096
  • WALKER, Simon A. Lecture notes clinical biochemistry. 9th ed. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. xii, 290. ISBN 9781118272138. info
Teaching methods
Lectures, audio-visual study materials, ppt-presentations, commentated videos, interactive inputs.
Assessment methods
Colloquium will be in the form of a written test (for ordinary and the first resit term), oral (for the second resit term). The minimum success rate in the test must be at least 60%. The condition for access to the colloquium is participation in classes (only absences due to relevant health or study reasons are allowed).
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 30.
Information on course enrolment limitations: Kromě studentů LF maximálně 3 studenti MU.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2000, Autumn 2001, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Spring 2007, Autumn 2007, Spring 2008, Autumn 2008, Spring 2009, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018, autumn 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/autumn2020/VLKB091